Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 248-257.doi: 10.17520/biods.2018027

• Original Papers: Animal Diversity • Previous Article     Next Article

Faunal communities of deep soil layers in suburban Beijing

Wei Mo1, 2, Zhiliang Wang2, You Li2, Jianjun Guo1, 2, *(), Runzhi Zhang2, 3, *()   

  1. 1 Institute of Entomology, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025
    2 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2018-01-29 Accepted:2018-03-23 Online:2018-05-05
  • Guo Jianjun,Zhang Runzhi E-mail:jjguo@gzu.edu.cn;zhangrz@ioz.ac.cn
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

In order to reveal composition of faunal communities in deep soil, we investigated soil at 30 and 55 cm at the Olympic Campus of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in a suburb of Beijing using trap collectors. A total of 10,163 individuals representing 20 orders belonging to ten classes and three phyla were captured in eight surveys carried out over five years. The dominant groups were Hymenoptera (61.0%), Acarina (12.1%) and Collembola (11.2%). The individuals and groups in the 30 cm soil layer were greater than at 55 cm. The dominant group of the 30 cm soil layer was Hymenoptera (69.4%) while at 55 cm, Hymenoptera (45.7%), Acarina (21.8%) and Collembola (16.4%) were all dominant. The number of individuals and groups recorded from April to October was greater than October to April of the next year. Annelida appeared only between October to April of the next year, while Thysanoptera, Psocoptera, Dermaptera appeared only between April to October. The lowest Jaccard value of soil faunal communities in different vegetation forms was 0.75. None of Shannon-Wiener diversity index, Simpson dominance index and Pielou evenness index showed significant differences between different vegetation types (P > 0.05). The results showed that there were abundant soil faunal communities in deep soil. The number of individuals and groups decreased with increasing soil depth. Soil faunal community structure was different in different seasons and the composition was highly similar between different vegetation types.

Key words: soil animal, community structure, deep soil, diversity, treelawn

Fig. 1

Trap collector of samples"

Table 1

The composition of animal communities in soil of Olympic Campus of Chinese Academy of Sciences"

Table 2

The composition of animal communities of deep soil layer in different seasons of Olympic Campus of Chinese Academy of Sciences"

夏秋季 April to October 冬春季 October to April of the next year
个体数
Individuals
% 优势度
Dominance
个体数
Individuals
% 优势度
Dominance
膜翅目 Hymenoptera 3,719 69.7 +++ 1,413 48.7 +++
同翅目 Homoptera 142 2.7 ++ 114 3.9 ++
鞘翅目 Coleoptera 77 1.4 ++ 83 2.9 ++
双翅目 Diptera 154 2.9 ++ 146 5 ++
半翅目 Hemiptera 4 0.1 + 2 0.1 +
直翅目 Orthoptera 38 0.7 + 2 0.1 +
缨翅目 Thysanoptera 2 0 +
啮虫目 Psocoptera 1 0 +
革翅目 Dermaptera 2 0 +
石蜈蚣目 Lithobiomorpha 74 1.4 ++ 32 1.1 ++
地蜈蚣目 Geophilomorpha 7 0.1 + 17 0.6 +
蜱螨目 Acarina 572 10.7 +++ 406 14 +++
蜘蛛目 Araneae 42 0.8 + 24 0.8 +
带马陆目 Polydesmida 15 0.3 + 10 0.3 +
弹尾目 Collembola 264 4.9 ++ 548 18.9 +++
双尾目 Diplura 73 1.4 ++ 37 1.3 ++
等足目 Isopoda 93 1.7 ++ 51 1.8 ++
综合目 Symphyla 16 0.3 + 1 0 +
柄眼目 Stylommatophora 43 0.8 + 12 0.4 +
后孔寡毛目 Opisthopora 1 0 +
总数 Total 5,338 2,899

Table 3

The composition of animal communities of deep soil layer in different treelawn of Olympic Campus of Chinese Academy of Sciences"

类群
Group
草本型 Lawn 灌木型 Shrubbery 乔木型 Arboreal forest 混合型 Mixed forest 食性
Feeding habit
个体数
Indivi-
duals
% 优势度
Domi-
nance
个体数
Indivi-
duals
% 优势度
Domi-
nance
个体数
Indivi-
duals
% 优势度
Domi-
nance
个体数
Indivi-
duals
% 优势度
Domi-
nance
膜翅目 Hymenoptera 778 49.1 +++ 1,397 49.7 +++ 1,732 66.3 +++ 2,288 72.5 +++ O
同翅目 Homoptera 67 4.2 ++ 129 4.6 ++ 113 4.3 ++ 9 0.3 + O
鞘翅目 Coleoptera 52 3.3 ++ 60 2.1 ++ 69 2.6 ++ 30 1 ++ Pr
双翅目 Diptera 24 1.5 ++ 55 2 ++ 210 8 ++ 30 1 ++ S
半翅目 Hemiptera 2 0.1 + 2 0.1 + 2 0.1 + Ph
直翅目 Orthoptera 4 0.3 + 3 0.1 + 16 0.6 + 17 0.5 + Ph
缨翅目 Thysanoptera 2 0.1 + Ph
啮虫目 Psocoptera 1 0.1 + Ph
革翅目 Dermaptera 2 0.1 + O
石蜈蚣目 Lithobiomorpha 29 1.8 ++ 65 2.3 ++ 26 1 ++ 19 0.6 + Pr
地蜈蚣目 Geophilomorpha 7 0.4 + 24 0.9 + 3 0.1 + 5 0.2 + Pr
蜱螨目 Acarina 230 14.5 +++ 511 18.2 +++ 138 5.3 ++ 347 11 +++ O
蜘蛛目 Araneae 6 0.4 + 38 1.4 ++ 27 1 ++ 10 0.3 + Pr
带马陆目 Polydesmida 2 0.1 + 14 0.5 + 13 0.5 + 5 0.2 + Ph
弹尾目 Collembola 283 17.9 +++ 282 10 +++ 235 9 ++ 337 10.7 +++ O
双尾目 Diplura 44 2.8 ++ 83 3 ++ 15 0.6 + 15 0.5 + D
等足目 Isopoda 25 1.6 ++ 100 3.6 ++ 5 0.2 + 14 0.4 + S
综合目 Symphyla 16 1 ++ 4 0.1 + 5 0.2 + 8 0.3 + Pr
柄眼目 Stylommatophora 13 0.8 + 45 1.6 ++ 4 0.2 + 14 0.4 + Ph
后孔寡毛目 Opisthopora 1 0 + 2 0.1 + S
总数 Total 1,583 2,813 2,613 3,154

Fig. 2

Ecological indices of animal communities of deep soil layer in different treelawn type of Olympic Campus of Chinese Academy of Sciences (mean ± SE)"

Table 4

Jaccard index of animal communities of deep soil layer in different treelawn type of Olympic Campus of Chinese Academy of Sciences"

绿化带类型
Treelawn
灌木型
Shrubbery
乔木型
Arboreal forest
混合型
Mixed forest
草本型 Lawn 0.79 0.83 0.75
灌木型 Shrubbery 0.83 0.75
乔木型 Arboreal forest 0.79
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