Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (8): 874-885.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016314

• Reviews • Previous Article     Next Article

Systematics and species diversity of botryosphaeriaceous fungi

Wenying Li1, 2, 3, *(), Xia Li1, Kaizhi Xie1, Wangqiu Deng2, Wenying Zhuang3   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer in South Region, Ministry of Agriculture/Guangdong Key Laboratory of Nutrient Cycling and Farmland Conservation, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510640
    2 State Key Laboratory of Applied Microbiology Southern China, Guangdong Institute of Microbiology, Guangzhou 510070
    3 State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:2017-07-25 Accepted:2017-08-15 Online:2017-08-31
  • Li Wenying E-mail:liwenying2006@126.com
  • About author:# Co-first authors

Botryosphaeriaceous fungi are an important ascomycete group (Botryosphaeriales, Dothideomycetes, Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota). They play essential roles in economic and ecological environments, especially in agroforestry ecosystems. In this overview, we introduce a wide variety of ecological functions of botryosphaeriaceous fungi. The taxonomic studies of the family Botryosphaeriaceae in its early stages have been reviewed in details since 1823, especially the two major classification systems proposed by von Arx & Müller and Barr. The research status, progress based on holomorphological characteristics and multilocus DNA sequence data are summarized towards updating our understanding of species diversity and classification systems of the group. In addition, the research history, current status and work to be done of the group in China are briefly stated. Problems regarding biodiversity and phylogeny are discussed. Research perspectives are proposed based on taxonomic features, species concepts and exploration of bioresources. This review is expected to provide useful information about effective utilization of fungal resources and control of the harmful effects of botryosphaeriaceous fungi.

Key words: Botryosphaeriales, Botryosphaeriaceae, systematic, biodiversity, phylogeny

Fig. 1

Diversity of genera and species in Botryosphaeriaceae"

Fig. 2

The chronicle table on research progresses in Botryosphaeriaceae"

Table 1

Research progresses and comments of genera in Botryosphaeriaceae"

存在的问题 Comments 主要文献 References
葡萄座腔菌科
Botryosphaeriaceae
模式科; 属种的分类与名称需要修订
Type family, many genera and species need to be corrected
Crous et al, 2006; Liu et al, 2012; Slippers et al, 2013; Phillips et al, 2013
Barriopsis A. J. L. Phillips et al, 2008 具分子证据, 但标本材料较少
A few molecular data, lack of fresh collections
Phillips et al, 2008; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2009; Doilom et al, 2014
Botryobambusa R. Phookamsak et al, 2012 单种属; 竹生, 具分子证据和全型特征
Monotypic genus on bamboo, some molecular data and holomorph characteristics
Liu et al, 2012; Hyde et al, 2013
葡萄座腔菌属
Botryosphaeria Ces. & De Not, 1863
模式属; 存在复合种, 大量记录名称仍需订正
Type genus, remaining species complex, lots of epithets need to be corrected
Denman et al, 2000; Slippers et al, 2004; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2013; Phillips et al, 2013
棺孢腔菌属
Cophinforma Doilom et al, 2012
具分子证据及全型特征, 需更多材料
A few molecular data and holomorph characteristics, lack of more fresh collections
Mehl et al, 2011; Liu et al, 2012; Phillips et al, 2013
色二孢属 Diplodia Fr, 1834 常见属; 大量记录名称需要清理与订正
Common genus, lots of epithets need to be corrected
Alves et al, 2004, 2014; Phillips et al, 2012, 2013
小穴壳孢属 Dothiorella Sacc, 1880 常见属; 大量记录名称需要订正, 缺乏有性材料
Common genus, lots of epithets need to be corrected, lack of teleomorph collections
Crous et al, 2006; Phillips et al, 2008; Phillips et al, 2013; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2014
Endomelanconiopsis E. I. Rojas & Samuels, 2008 具分子证据, 缺少有性特征材料
A few molecular data, lack of teleomorph collections
Rojas et al, 2008; Hyde et al, 2013
毛色二孢属
Lasiodiplodia Ellis & Everh, 1896
常见属; 具分子证据, 但有性特征材料较少
Common genus, some molecular data, but lack of fresh teleomorph collections
Alves et al, 2008; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2010; Phillips et al, 2008, 2013
亚大茎点菌属
Macrophomina Petr, 1923
较小属; 缺少更多分子证据及有性特征材料
Minor genus, lack of more molecular data and fresh teleomorph collections
Crous et al, 2006; Liu et al, 2012; Sarr et al, 2014
Neodeightonia C. Booth, 1970 新修订属; 具全型特征及分子证据
Revised genus, a few molecular data and holomorph characteristics
Punithalingam, 1969; Phillips et al, 2008, 2013; Liu et al, 2010, 2012; Hyde et al, 2013
新壳梭孢属
Neofusicoccum Crous, 2006
常见属; 具分子证据及全型特征
Common genus, a few molecular data and holomorph characteristics
Crous et al, 2006; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2013; Phillips et al, 2013; Hyde et al, 2014
新暗色柱节孢属
Neoscytalidium Crous & Slippers, 2006
具分子证据, 缺少有性特征材料
A few molecular data, lack of fresh teleomorph collections
Crous et al, 2006; Chuang et al, 2012; Lan et al, 2012; Phillips et al, 2013
暗葡腔菌属
Phaeobotryon Theiss. & Syd, 1915
新修订属; 具分子证据, 缺少全型特征材料
Revised genus, a few molecular data, lack of fresh holomorph collections
Phillips et al, 2008; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2009; Fan et al, 2015
拟壳梭孢属
Pseudofusicoccum Mohali, Slippers & M. J. Wingf, 2006
具分子证据, 缺少有性特征材料
A few molecular data, lack of fresh teleomorph collections
Crous et al, 2006; Pavlic et al, 2008; Mehl et al, 2011
斯潘氏菌属
Spencermartinsia A. J. L. Phillips et al, 2008
具较多分子证据, 缺乏有型特征材料
Some molecular data, lack of fresh teleomorph collections
Phillips et al, 2008; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2014
拟球壳霉属
Sphaeropsis Sacc, 1880
常见属; 大量记录名称需要清理与订正
Common genus, lots of epithets need to be corrected
Palmer et al, 1987; Phillips et al, 2008, 2013; Liu et al, 2012; Slippers et al, 2013
Tiarosporella Höhn, 1919 具分子证据, 属内成员需进一步清理与订正
A few molecular data, lots of members need to be corrected
Liu et al, 2012; Jami et al, 2012
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