Biodiversity Science ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (2): 207-214.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2012.08239

• Original Papers • Previous Article     Next Article

Fish community diversity during spring and autumn in the Yellow Sea off the coast of Shandong

Zhenbo Lü1∗, Fan Li1, Bingqing Xu1, Bo Wang2   

  1. 1Shandong Marine and Fishery Research Institute, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Restoration for Marine Ecology, Yantai, Shandong 264006

    2Ocean School of Yantai University, Yantai, Shandong 264005
  • Received:2011-12-22 Revised:2012-01-12 Online:2012-04-09
  • Zhenbo Lü

Based on trawl survey data from May and October of 2006 in Yellow Sea off the coast of Shandong, China (35º00′–38º00′N, 120º30′–124º00′E), fish composition, dominant species, fish community diversity and size spectra were studied. A total of 61 species were collected, all of them were Osteichthyes species, belonging to 57 genera, 37 families and 13 orders. The most species-rich orders were Perciformes (27 species), Clupeiformes (8 species) and Scorpaendiformes (7 species). There were 7 fish groups according to an analysis of feeding habit: planktivores, planktivores/benthivores, benthivores, benthivores/piscivores, piscivores, omnivores, detritivores. Planktivores accounted for 82.5% of the total catch. There were 3 dominant species (Ammodytes personatus, Engraulis japonicus and Pholis fangi) in spring and 5 dominant species (Engraulis japonicus, Sardinella zunasi, Ammodytes personatus, Larimichthys polyactis and Thryssa kammalensis) in autumn according to analysis of Hill’s diversity; most of these were small-sized species. The highest diversity was found in the coastal waters (particularly in Qingdao and southern of Rushan waters), fish diversity decreased with increasing of water depth, and no significant differences were found between spring and autumn diversity indices. Biomass was negatively correlated with overall diversity and functional group diversity. The slope of size spectra was less than –0.2 both in spring and autumn, and the intercepts were both bigger than 10. When comparing 2006 data to 1985 and 2000 data, slope decreased, and intercept increased. These results might be attributed to the increased dominance of small-sized species in the total catch. Compared with historical data, fish resources in Yellow Sea off the coast of Shandong are obviously declining, with community diversity decreasing and proportion of small-sized individual increasing.

Bianchi G, Gislason H, Graham K, Hill L, Jin X,Koranteng K,Manickchand-Heileman S, Payá I,Sainsbury K,Sanchez F,Zwanenburg K(2000)Impact of fishing on size composition and diversity of demersal fish community. ICES Journal of Marine Science,57,558-571.

Chen GB (陈国宝),Li YZ (李永振),Chen XJ (陈新军) (2007)Species diversity of fishes in the coral reefs of SouthChina Sea. Biodiversity Science (生物多样性),15,373–381. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Cheng JH(程家骅),Jiang YZ(姜亚洲)(2008)Methods for evaluating fishing effects on fish community. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China(中国水产科学),15,359-366.

Cheng JS(程济生)(2000) The structure and diversity of demersal fish communities in winter in the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea. Marine Fisheries Research (海洋水产研究),21(3),1-8. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Cheng JS(程济生),Yu LF(俞连福)(2004)The change of structure and diversity of demersal fish communities in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea in winter.Journal of Fisheries of China(水产学报),28,29-34. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Clarke KR,Warwick RM(2001a)A further biodiversity index applicable to species lists: variation in taxonomic distinctness. Marine Ecology Progress Series,216,265-278.

Clarke KR,Warwick RM(2001b)Change in Marine Communities: An Approach to Statistical Analysis and Interpretation(2nd edition). PRIMPER-E,Plymouth.

Gislason H,Rice J(1998)Modeling the response of size and diversity spectra of fish assemblages to changes in exploitation. ICES Journal of Marine Science,55,362-370.

Jin XS(金显仕)(2003) The change of community structure of nekton in the waters of southern Shandong Peninsula in spring. Journal of Fisheries of China(水产学报),2003,27,19-24. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Jin XS,Tang QS(1996)Changes in fish species diversity and dominant species composition in the Yellow Sea. Fishery Research,26,337-352.

Jin X(2000)Changes in the community structure of the Laizhou Bay. Asian Fisheries Science,13,215-224.

Li SF(李圣法)(2005)The Ecological Study for Fish Community in the East China Sea Continental Shelf:the Spatial PaRern and Diversity(东海大陆架鱼类群落生态学研究一空间格局及其多样性). PhD dissertation. East China Normal University,Shanghai. (in Chinese)

Ma KP (马克平),Liu YM (刘玉明) (1994) Measurement of biotic community diversity. I. α diversity (Part 2). Chinese Biodiversity (生物多样性),2,231–239. (in Chinese)

Marine and Fishery Department of Shandong Province(山东省海洋与渔业厅)(2010) Investigation and Evaluation of Economic Resources in Shandong Coastal Waters(山东近海经济生物资源调查与评价).Ocean Press,Beijing. (in Chinese)

Marquet PA, Quinones RA, Abades S,Labra F,Tognelli M, Arim M,Rivadeneira M(2005)Review scaling and power-law in ecological systems.The Journal of Experimental Biology,208,1749-1769.

Nelson J S(2006)Fishes of the World (Fourth Edition). John Wiley & Sons Inc, New Jersey.

Rice JC(2000)Evaluating fishery impacts using metrics of community structure. ICES Journal of Marine Science,57,682-688.

Rice J,Gislason H(1996)Patterns of change in the size spectra of numbers and diversity of the North Sea fish assemblage,as reflected in surveys and models. ICES Journal of Marine Science,53,1214-1225.

Shi YR(史赟荣),Li YZ(李永振),Lu WH(卢伟华),Sun DF(孙冬芳)(2009) Taxonomic diversity of fish species in coral reef area from Dongsha Islands. South China Fisheries Science(南方水产),5,10-16. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Shi YR(史赟荣),Li YZ(李永振),Ai H(艾红),Chen GB(陈国宝),Lu WH(卢伟华),Li XG(李希国),Li NN(李娜娜),Yu J(于杰),Dong LN(董丽娜),Cui K(崔科),Sun DF(孙冬芳)(2010) Fish taxonomic diversity of coral reef areas in Xisha Islands. Journal of Fisheries of China (水产学报),34,1753-1761.(in Chinese with English abstract)

Sun DF(孙冬芳),Zhu WC(朱文聪),Li NN(李娜娜),Dong LN(董丽娜),Shi YR(史赟荣),Lu WH(卢伟华),Li XG(李希国),Li YZ(李永振)(2010) Taxonomic diversity of fish species in Beibu Gulf. Guangdong Agricultural Sciences(广东农业科学),6,4-7. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Tang QS(唐启升),Ye MZ(叶懋中)(1990) Development and Protection of Fishery Resources in Shandong Coastal Waters(山东近海渔业资源开发与保护).Agriculture Press,Beijing. (in Chinese)

Wei S(韦昇),Jiang WM(姜为民)(1992)Study on food web of fishes in the Yellow Sea.Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica(海洋与湖沼),23,182-192.(in Chinese with English abstract)

Warwick RM,Clarke KR(1995)New "biodiversity" measures reveal a decrease in taxonomic distinctness with increasing stress. Marine Ecology Progress Series,129,301-305.

Xu BD (徐宾铎),Jin XS (金显仕),Liang ZL (梁振林) (2003)Changes of demersal fish community structure in the Yellow Sea during the autumn. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China(中国水产科学),10,148–154. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Xu BD (徐宾铎),Jin XS (金显仕),Liang ZL (梁振林) (2005a)Calculation of hierarchical diversity of fish in the Huanghai and Bohai Seas. Periodical of Ocean University of China (中国海洋大学学报),35,25-28. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Xu BD (徐宾铎),Jin XS (金显仕),Liang ZL (梁振林) (2005b)The Taxonomic Diversity of Fish Communities s in the Yellow Sea. Periodical of Ocean University of China (中国海洋大学学报),35,629-634. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Xu BD (徐宾铎),Ren YP(任一平),Ye ZJ(叶振江),ZENG XQ(曾晓起)(2007)The Taxonomic Diversity of Fish Community in the Coastal Waters of Qingdao. Periodical of Ocean University of China (中国海洋大学学报),37,907- 910. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Xu BD,Jin XS(2005)Variation in fish community structure during winter in the southern Yellow Sea over the period 1985-2002. Fishery Research,71,79-91.

Xu BQ(徐炳庆),Lv ZB(吕振波),Li F(李凡),Bao JG(包家国),Xu WZ(徐维柱)(2011)On nekton composition in southern coastal waters off Shandong Peninsula in summer. Marine Fisheries(海洋渔业),33,59-65. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhang B(张波)(2005)Preliminary studies on marine food web and trophodynamics in China coastal seas(中国近海食物网及鱼类营养动力学关键过程的初步研究)PhD dissertation. Ocean University of China,Qingdao.(in Chinese)

Zhang B(张波),Tang QS(唐启升),Jin XS(金显仕)(2009)Fuctional groups of communities and their major species at high trophic level in the Yellow Sea ecosystem. Acta Ecologica Sinaca(生态学报),29,1099-1111. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhan BY(詹秉义)(2000)Fisheries Resources Assessment(渔业资源评估).Agriculture Press,Beijing.(in Chinese)

Zhang H(张衡),Lu JJ(陆健健) (2007) Calculation of the taxonomic diversity of fish communities in the Yangtze River estuary. Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science),2,11-22 .(in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhu XH(朱鑫华),Wu HZ(吴鹤洲),Xu FS(徐凤山),Ye MZ(叶懋中) ,Zhao ZJ(赵紫晶)(1994a) Studies on nekton community diversity and its related factors in the coastal waters of Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea(黄渤海沿岸水域游泳动物群落多样性及其相关因素的研究).Acta Oceanologica Sinica(海洋学报),16,102-112. (in Chinese)

Zhu XH(朱鑫华),Wu HZ(吴鹤洲),Xu FS(徐凤山),Zhao ZJ(赵紫晶),Ye MZ(叶懋中)(1994b) The heterogeneity of spatiotemporal patterns of nekton community structure in the coastal waters of Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. Acta zoological sinica(动物学报),40,241-252. (in Chinese with English abstract)
No related articles found!
Full text