Biodiversity Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (5): 658-666.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14080

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Characteristics of plant species diversity of rubber plantation in Hainan Island

Guoyu Lan1, 2, *(), Zhixiang Wu1, 2, Guishui Xie1, 2   

  1. 1 Rubber Research Institute Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Danzhou, Hainan 571737
    2 Danzhou Investigation & Experiment Station of Tropical Crops, Ministry of Agriculture of China, Danzhou, Hainan 571737
  • Received:2014-04-14 Accepted:2014-08-29 Online:2014-10-09
  • Lan Guoyu E-mail:languoy@gmail.com

To explore diversity maintaining mechanism and restoration after disturbance of the plantation, we established a 1-ha dynamic rubber plantation plot and managed it in a close to nature way according to the core theory of close to nature forest. Based on field survey data, plant species composition and distribution in the rubber plantation was analyzed. A total of 183 species belonging to 155 genera and 69 families were recorded in the plot. In the area of ??4,000 m2, 3,000 m2 and 2,000 m2, the plot contains about 90% of species, genus and family respectively. Logistic model fitted species-area is very good with R2 0.997, which indicates that 1-ha plot is large enough for monitoring of species diversity of rubber plantation. The distribution pattern of abundance and richness in the plot are very different from those constructed from random placement model, which indicates that the unevenness distribution of abundance and richness are not caused by the random distribution. The species-abundance distribution of the plot could not be well fitted by using the lognormal model and log serial model. In comparison, the lognormal model fits it better than log serial model.

Key words: close to natural management, species diversity, species-area curve, speices-abundance distribution

Fig. 1

X and Y coordinates of a species in the 5 m × 5 m quadrats and the subplot where it locates"

Fig. 2

Species-, genera-, and family-area relationship in a 1-ha rubber plantation plot in Hainan"

Table 1

Plant species types of a rubber plantation plot in Hainan"

植物类群
Taxa
物种数
No. of species (%)
生活型
Life form
物种数
No. of species (%)
被子植物 Angiospermae
单子叶植物 Monocotyledoneae 26 (14.2) 乔木 Tree 46 (25.1)
双子叶植物 Dicotyledoneae 147 (80.3) 灌木 Shrub 45 (25.0)
蕨类植物 Pteridophyte 10 (5.5) 草本 Herb 70 (38.3)
合计 Total 183 (100) 藤本 Liana 22 (12.0)

Fig. 3

Abundance-area relationship and species-area relationship in a 1-ha rubber plantation plot in Hainan"

Fig. 4

Fitness the species-area relationship in a 1 ha rubber plantation plot in Hainan"

Fig. 5

Fitness the species-abundance of rubber plantation in Hainan"

Fig. 6

Diversity-area curve of rubber plantation in Hainan. a, α index-area curve; b, Shannon index-area curve."

Fig. 7

Comparison on species-area relationship between close to nature management and traditional management"

Fig. S1

Topographic map of a 1-ha rubber plantation plot http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-080-1.pdf"

Fig. S2

Fig. S2 DBH histogram of rubber trees in a 1-ha rubber plantation in Hainan http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-080-2.pdf"

Table S1

Species list of a 1-ha rubber plantation plot in Danzhou, Hainan; http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-080-3.pdf"

序号

N
科名 拉丁科名 属名 拉丁属名 种名 拉丁种名
1 爵床科 Acanthaceae 楠草属 Dipteracanthus 楠草 Dipteracanthus repens (L.) Hassk.
2 石蒜科 Amaryllidacea 独脚仙茅属 Curculigo 光叶仙茅 Curculigo glabrescens (Ridl.)Merr.
3 钩枝藤科 Ancistrocladaceae 钩枝藤属 Ancistrocladus 钩枝藤 Ancistrocladus tectorius (Lour.) Merr.
4 番荔枝科 Annonaceae 暗罗属 Polyalthia 暗罗 Polyalthia suberosa (Roxb.) Thw.
5 番荔枝科 Annonaceae 假鹰爪属 Desmos 假鹰爪 Desmos chinensis Lour.
6 夹竹桃科 Apocynaceae 狗牙花属 Ervatamia 狗牙花 Ervatamia divaricata (L.) Burk. cv. Gouyahua
7 夹竹桃科 Apocynaceae 倒吊笔属 Wrightia 倒吊笔 Wrightia pubescens R. Br.
8 夹竹桃科 Apocynaceae 狗牙花属 Ervatamia 海南狗牙花 Ervatamia hainanensis Tsiang
9 夹竹桃科 Apocynaceae 腰骨藤属 Ichnocarpus 腰骨藤 Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W. T. Aiton
10 冬青科 Aquifoliaceae 冬青属 Ilex 伞花冬青 Ilex godajam (Colebr. ex Wall.) Wall.
11 天南星科 Araceae 犁头尖属 Typhonium 犁头尖 Typhonium divaricatum (L.) Decne.
12 天南星科 Araceae 海芋属 Alocasia 海芋 Alocasia macrorrhiza (Linn.) Schott
13 五加科 Araliaceae 楤木属 Aralia 黄毛楤木 Aralia decaisneana Hance
14 萝藦科 Asclepiadaceae 匙羹藤属 Gymnema 大叶匙羹藤 Gymnema tingens Spreng.
15 菊科 Asteraceae 泽兰属 Eupatorium 飞机草 Eupatorium odoratum L.
16 菊科 Asteraceae 三七草属 Crassocephalum 革命菜 Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore
17 菊科 Asteraceae 泽兰属 Praxelis 假臭草 Praxelis clematidea (Crisebach) King et Robinson
18 菊科 Asteraceae 金腰箭属 Synedrella 金腰箭 Synedrella nodiflora (L. ) Gaertn.
19 菊科 Asteraceae 白酒草属 Conyza 小飞蓬 Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq.
20 菊科 Asteraceae 斑鸠菊属 Vernonia 夜香牛 Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less.
21 菊科 Asteraceae 一点红属 Emilia 一点红 Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC.
22 菊科 Asteraceae 菊芹属 Erechtites 菊芹 Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC.
23 菊科 Asteraceae 鬼针草属 Bidens 鬼针草 Bidens pilosa L.
24 菊科 Asteraceae 翅果菊属 Pterocypsela 翅果菊 Pterocypsela indica (L.) Shih
25 菊科 Asteraceae 地胆草属 Elephantopus 白花地毯草 Elephantopus tomentosus L.
26 蹄盖蕨科 Athyriaceae 蹄盖蕨属 Athyrium 蹄盖蕨 Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth
27 紫葳科 Bignoniaceae 猫尾木属 Dolichandrone 猫尾木 Dolichandrone cauda-felina (Hance) Benth. et Hook. f.
28 紫葳科 Bignoniaceae 木蝴蝶属 Oroxylum 木蝴蝶 Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent.
29 乌毛蕨科 Blechnaceae 乌毛蕨属 Blechnum 乌毛蕨 Blechnum orientale L.
30 紫草科 Boraginaceae 厚壳树属 Ehretia 毛萼厚壳树 Ehretia laevis Roxb.
31 苏木科 Caesalpiniaceae 山扁豆属 Cassia 决明 Cassia tora Linn.
32 山柑科 Capparaceae 山柑属 Capparis 小刺山柑 Capparis micracantha DC.
33 山柑科 Capparaceae 山柑属 Capparis 锡朋槌果藤 Capparis zeylanica L
34 山柑科 Capparaceae 白花菜属 Cleome 皱子白花菜 Cleome rutidosperma DC.
35 卫矛科 Celastraceae 南蛇藤 属 Celastrus 南蛇藤 Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb.
36 使君子科 Combretaceae 风车子属 Combretum 风车子树 Combretum alfredii Hance.
37 鸭跖草科 Commelinaceae 水竹叶属 Aneilema 大叶水竹叶 Aneilema scapiflorum Wight.
38 鸭跖草科 Commelinaceae 鸭跖草属 Commelina 饭包草 Commelina bengalensis Linn.
39 鸭跖草科 Commelinaceae 鸭跖草属 Commelina 节节草 Commelina diffusa Burm. f.
40 旋花科 Convolvulaceae 鳞蕊藤属 Lepistemon 鳞蕊藤 Lepistemon binectariferum (Wall. ex Roxb.) O. Kuntze
41 旋花科 Convolvulaceae 银背藤属 Argyreia 硬毛白鹤藤 Argyreia capitata (Vahl) Arn. ex Choisy
42 旋花科 Convolvulaceae 山猪菜属 Merremia 山猪菜 Merremia umbellate (L.) Hallier f. subsp. orientalis (Hallier f.) Ooststr.
43 旋花科 Convolvulaceae 山猪菜属 Merremia 掌叶山猪菜 Merremia vitifolia (Burm. f.) Hall. f.
44 莎草科 Cyperaceae 莎草属 Cyperus 多脉莎草 Cyperus diffusus Vahl.
45 莎草科 Cyperaceae 水蜈蚣属 Kyllinga 单穗水蜈蚣 Kyllinga monocephalaRottb.
46 莎草科 Cyperaceae 珍珠茅属 Scleria 珍珠茅 Scleria hebecarpa Nees
47 莎草科 Cyperaceae 莎草属 Cyperus 绿穗莎草 Cyperus fuscus L. f. pallescens Husnet
48 姬蕨科 Dennstaedtiaceae 鳞盖蕨属 Micrelepia 热带鳞盖蕨 Micrelepia speluncae (L.) Moore
49 姬蕨科 Dennstaedtiaceae 鳞盖蕨属 Microlepia 华南鳞盖蕨 Microlepia hancei Prantl
50 毒鼠子科 Dichapetalaceae 毒鼠子属 Dichapetalum 毒鼠子 Dichapetalum gelonioides (Roxb.) Engl.
51 薯蓣科 Dioscoreaceae 薯蓣属 Dioscorea 山薯 Dioscorea fordii Prain et Burkill
52 薯蓣科 Dioscoreaceae 薯蓣属 Dioscorea 白薯莨 Dioscorea hispida Dennst.
53 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 大戟属 Euphorbia 铺地草 Euphorbia prostrata Ait.
54 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 黑面神属 Breynia 黑面神 Breynia fruticosa (L.) Hook. f.
55 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 叶下珠属 Phyllanthus 小果叶下珠 Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir.
56 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 银柴属 Aporusa 银柴 Aporusa dioica (Roxb.) Muell. Arg.
57 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 白树属 Suregada 白树 Suregada glomerulata (Bl.) Baill.
58 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 土蜜树属 Bridelia 大叶土蜜树 Bridelia fordii Hemsl.
59 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 山麻杆属 Alchornea 红背山麻杆 Alchornea trewioides (Benth.) Muell. Arg.
60 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 小盘木属 Microdesmis 小盘木 Microdesmis caseariifolia Planch.
61 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 山麻杆属 Alchornea 羽脉山麻杆 Alchornea rugosa (Lour.) Muell. Arg.
62 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 白饭树属 Fluggea 白饭树 Fluggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.)Baill.
63 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 野桐属 Mallotus 粗糠柴 Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Muell.-Arg.
64 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 算盘子属 Glochidion 毛果算盘子 Glochidion eriocarpum Champ. ex Benth.
65 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 叶下珠属 Phyllanthus 叶下珠 Phyllanthus urinaria L.
66 大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 橡胶树属 Hevea 橡胶 Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss.) Muell. Arg.
67 壳斗科 Fagaceae 锥属 Castanopsis 海南锥 Castanopsis hainanensis Merr.
68 禾本科 Gramineae 芒属 Miscanthus Miscanthus sinensis Anderss.
69 禾本科 Gramineae 弓果黍属 Cyrtococcum 散穗弓果黍 Cyrtococcum patens (L.) A. Camus var. latifolium (Honda) Ohwi
70 藤黄科 Guttiferae 藤黄属 Garcinia 岭南山竹子 Garcinia oblongifolia Champ. ex Benth.
71 藤黄科 Guttiferae 藤黄属 Garcinia 山竹 Garcinia mangostana L.
72 莲叶桐科 Hernandiaceae 青藤属 Illigera 红花青藤 Illigera rhodantha Hance
73 金丝桃科 Hypericaceae 黄牛木属 Cratoxylum 黄牛木 Cratoxylum cochinchinensis (Lour.) Bl.
74 茶茱萸科 Icacinaceae 微花藤属 Iodes 小果微花藤 Iodes vitiginea (Hance) Hemsl.
75 樟科 Lauraceae 木姜子属 Litsea 假柿木姜子 Litsea monopetala(Roxb.)Pers.
76 樟科 Lauraceae 木姜子属 Litsea 潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa(Lour.)C.B.Rob.
77 豆科 Leguminosae 崖豆藤属 Millettia 海南崖豆藤 Millettia pachyloba Drake
78 豆科 Leguminosae 千斤拔属 Flemingia 大叶千斤拔 Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Prain
79 豆科 Leguminosae 葛藤属 Pueraria 越南葛藤 Pueraria montana(Lour.) Merr.)
80 百合科 Liliaceae 龙血树属 Dracaena 长花龙血树 Dracaena angustifolia Roxb.
81 百合科 Liliaceae 菝葜属 Smilax 菝葜 Smilax china L.
82 马钱科 Loganiaceae 马钱属 Strychnos 牛眼马钱 Strychnos angustiflora Benth.
83 海金沙科 Lygodiaceae 海金沙属 Lygodium 海金沙 Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sw.
84 锦葵科 Malvaceae 黄花稔属 Sida 白背黄花稔 Sida rhombifolia L.
85 锦葵科 Malvaceae 肖梵天花属 Urena 地桃花 Urena lobata L.
86 锦葵科 Malvaceae 黄花稔属 Sida 桤叶黄花稔 Sida alnifolia L.
87 锦葵科 Malvaceae 黄花稔属 Sida 长梗黄花稔 Sida cordata (Burm. f.) Borss.
88 野牡丹科 Melastomataceae 野牡丹属 Melastoma 多花野牡丹 Melastoma affine D. Don
89 楝科 Meliaceae 楝属 Melia Melia azedarach L.
90 防己科 Menispermaceae 秤钩风属 Diploclisia 苍白秤钩风 Diploclisia glaucescens Bl.
91 防己科 Menispermaceae 千金藤属 Stephania 粪箕笃 Stephania longa Lour.
92 防己科 Menispermaceae 细圆藤属 Pericampylus 细圆藤 Pericampylus glaucus (Lam.) Merr.
93 防已科 Menispermaceae 轮环藤属 Cyclea 毛叶轮环藤 Cyclea barbata Miers
94 含羞草科 Mimosaceae 含羞草属 Mimosa 含羞草 Mimosa pudica L.
95 含羞草科 Mimosaceae 猴耳环属 Pithecellobium 亮叶猴耳环 Pithecellobium lucidum Benth.
96 含羞草科 Mimosaceae 银合欢属 Leucaena 银合欢 Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
97 桑科 Moraceae 波罗蜜属 Artocarpus 白桂木 Artocarpus hypargyreus Hance
98 桑科 Moraceae 波罗蜜属 Artocarpus 菠萝蜜 Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam
99 桑科 Moraceae 榕属 Ficus 粗叶榕 Ficus hirta Vahl.
100 桑科 Moraceae 榕属 Ficus 对叶榕 Ficus hispida Linn. f.
101 桑科 Moraceae 构属 Broussonetia 构树 Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Her. ex Vent.
102 桑科 Moraceae 牛筋藤属 Malaisia 牛筋藤 Malaisia scandens (Lour.) Planch.
103 桑科 Moraceae 榕属 Ficus 全缘琴叶榕 Ficus pandurata Hance var. holophylla Migo
104 桑科 Moraceae 鹊肾树属 Streblus 鹊肾树 Streblus asper Lour.
105 桑科 Moraceae 榕属 Ficus 黄毛榕 Ficus esquiroliana Lévl.
106 桑科 Moraceae 鹊肾树属 Streblus 叶被木 Streblus taxoides (Heyne) Kurz
107 桑科 Moraceae 桑属 Morus Morus alba L.
108 紫金牛科 Myrsinaceae 酸藤子属 Embelia 酸藤子 Embelia laeta (Linn.) Mez.
109 紫金牛科 Myrsinaceae 杜茎山属 Maesa 鲫鱼胆 Maesa perlarius (Lour.) Merr.
110 桃金娘科 Myrtaceae 玫瑰木属 Syzygium 海南蒲桃 Syzygium hainanense Chang et Miau
111 酢酱草科 Oxalidaceae 酢酱草属 Oxalis 酢酱草 Oxalis corniculata Linn.
112 棕榈科 Palmae 轴榈属 Licuala 穗花轴榈 Licuala fordiana Becc.
113 露兜树科 Pandanaceae 露兜树属 Pandanus 露兜草 Pandanus austrosinensis TL Wu.
114 蝶形花科 Papilionaceae 葫芦茶属 Tadehagi 葫芦茶 Tadehagi triquetrum (L.) Ohashi
115 蝶形花科 Papilionaceae 山绿豆属 Desmodium 假地豆 Desmodium heterocarpon (L.) DC.
116 蝶形花科 Papilionaceae 相思子属 Abrus 毛相思子 Abrus mollis Hance
117 蝶形花科 Papilionaceae 山绿豆属 Desmodium 显脉山绿豆 Desmodium reticulatum Champ. ex Benth.
118 西番莲科 Passifloraceae 西番莲属 Passiflora 龙珠果 Passiflora foetida L.
119 胡椒科 Pipraceae 胡椒属 Piper 假蒟 Piper sarmentosum Roxb.
120 海桐花科 Pittosporaceae 海桐花属 Pittosporum 台琼海桐 Pittosporum pentandrum (Blanco) Merr. var. hainanense (Gagnep.) Li
121 禾本科 Poaceae 甘蔗属 Saccharum 斑茅 Saccharum arundinaceum Retz.
122 禾本科 Poaceae 地毯草属 Axonopus 地毯草 Axonopus compressus (Sw. ) Beauv.
123 禾本科 Poaceae 黍属 Panicum 短叶黍 Panicum brevifolium L.
124 禾本科 Poaceae 钝叶草属 Stenotaphrum 钝叶草 Stenotaphrum helferi Munro ex Hook. f.
125 禾本科 Poaceae 莠竹属 Microstegium 蔓生莠竹 Microstegium vagans (Nees) A.Camus
126 禾本科 Poaceae 黍属 Panicum 铺地黍 Panicum repens L.
127 禾本科 Poaceae 酸模芒属 Centotheca 酸模芒 Centotheca lappacea (L.) Desv.
128 禾本科 Poaceae 狗尾草属 Setaria 棕叶狗尾草 Setaria palmifolia (Koen.) Stapf
129 禾本科 Poaceae 箬竹属 Garcini 广东箬竹 Indocalamus guangdongensis H. R. Zhao et Y. L. Yang
130 蓼科 Polygonaceae 蓼属 Polygunum 火炭母 Polygunum chinense L.
131 蓼科 Polygonaceae 吊兰属 Muehlewbeckia 千叶兰 Muehlewbeckia complera L.
132 凤尾蕨科 Pteridaceae 凤尾蕨属 Pteris 井边茜 Pteris ensiformis Burm.
133 凤尾蕨科 Pteridaceae 凤尾蕨属 Pteris 半边旗 Pteris semipinnata L.
134 蔷薇科 Rosaceae 悬钩子属 Rubus 越南悬钩子 Rubus cochinchinensis Tratt.
135 茜草科 Rubiaceae 鸡矢藤属 Paederia 毛叶鸡屎藤 Paederia cavaleriei Levl.
136 茜草科 Rubiaceae 耳草属 Hedyotis 耳草 Hedyotis auricularia L.
137 茜草科 Rubiaceae 龙船花属 Ixora 海南龙船花 Ixora hainanensis Merr.
138 茜草科 Rubiaceae 九节属 Psychotria 黄脉九节 Psychotria straminea Hutch.
139 茜草科 Rubiaceae 丰花草属 Borreria 二萼丰花草 Borreria repens DC. Prodr.
140 茜草科 Rubiaceae 丰花草属 Borreria 丰花草 Borreria stricta (Linn. f.) G. Mey.
141 茜草科 Rubiaceae 玉叶金花属 Mussaenda 海南玉叶金花 Mussaenda hainanensis Merr.
142 茜草科 Rubiaceae 鸡屎藤属 Paederia 鸡屎藤 Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr.
143 茜草科 Rubiaceae 巴戟天属 Morindaparvifolia 鸡眼藤 Morinda parvifolia Bartl. et DC.
144 茜草科 Rubiaceae 九节属 Psychotria 九节 Psychotria rubra (Lour.) Poir.
145 茜草科 Rubiaceae 丰花草属 Spermacoce 阔叶丰花草 Borreria latifolia (Aubl.) K. Schum
146 茜草科 Rubiaceae 山黄皮属 Catunaregam 山石榴 Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.) Tirveng.
147 茜草科 Rubiaceae 鱼骨木属 Canthium 猪肚木 Canthium horridum Bl. Bijdr.
148 茜草科 Rubiaceae 龙船花属 Ixora 龙船花 Ixora chinensis Lam.
149 茜草科 Rubiaceae 巴戟天属 Morinda 羊角藤 Morinda umbellata L. subsp. obovata Y. Z. Ruan
150 芸香科 Rutaceae 黄皮属 Clausena 假黄皮 Clausena excavata Burm. F.
151 芸香科 Rutaceae 花椒属 Zanthoxylum 两面针 Zanthoxylum nitidum (Roxb.) DC.
152 无患子科 Sapindaceae 荔枝属 Litchi 荔枝 Litchi chinensis Sonn.
153 无患子科 Sapindaceae 滨木患属 Arytera 滨木患 Arytera littoralis Bl.
154 无患子科 Sapindaceae 赤才属 Erioglossum 赤才 Erioglossum rubiginosum(Roxb.) Bl.
155 无患子科 Sapindaceae 龙眼属 Dimocarpus 龙眼 Dimocarpus longan Lour.
156 无患子科 Sapindaceae 异木患属 Allophylus 异木患 Allophylus viridis Radlk.
157 无患子科 Sapindaceae 无患子属 Sapindus 无患子 Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.
158 梧桐科 Scrophulariaceae 翅子树属 Pterospermum 翅子树 Pterospermum acerifolium Willd.
159 梧桐科 Scrophulariaceae 翅子树属 Pterospermum 翻白叶树 Pterospermum heterophyllum Hance
160 梧桐科 Scrophulariaceae 苹婆属 Sterculia 假苹婆 Sterculia laceolata Cav.
161 玄参科 Scrophulariaceae 蝴蝶草属 Torenia 毛叶蝴蝶草 Torenia benthamiana Hance
162 卷柏科 Selaginellaceae 卷柏属 Selaginella 异穗卷柏 Selaginella effusa Alston
163 苦木科 simaroubaceae 鸦胆子属 Brucea 鸦胆子 Brucea javanica (L.) Merr.
164 茄科 Solanaceae 茄属 Solanum 海南茄 Solanum procumbens Loureiro.
165 茄科 Solanaceae 茄属 Solanum 少花龙葵 Solanum photeinocarpum Nakamura et S. Odashima
166 叉蕨科 Tectarioidaceae 三叉蕨属 Tectaria 三叉蕨 Tectaria subtriphylla (Hook. et Arn.) Copel.
167 叉蕨科 Tectarioidaceae 沙皮蕨属 Hemigramma 沙皮蕨 Hemigramma decurrens (Hook.) Cop.
168 金星蕨科 Thelypteridaceae 毛蕨属 Cyclosorus 华南毛蕨 Cyclosorus parasiticus (L.) Farwell.
169 椴树科 Tiliaceae 破布叶属 Microcos 破布叶 Microcos paniculata L.
170 椴树科 Tiliaceae 扁担杆属 Grewia 细叶扁担杆 Grewia piscatorum Hance
171 榆科 Ulmaceae 朴属 Celtis 假玉桂 Celtis timorensis Span.
172 马鞭草科 Verbenaceae 赪桐属 Clerodendrum 赪桐 Clerodendrum japonicum (Thunb.) Sweet.
173 马鞭草科 Verbenaceae 赪桐属 Clerodendrum 大青 Clerodendrum cyrtophyllum Turcz.
174 马鞭草科 Verbenaceae 腐婢属 Premna 豆腐柴 Premna microphylla Turcz.
175 马鞭草科 Verbenaceae 紫珠属 Callicarpa 尖尾枫 Callicarpa longissima (Hemsl.) Merr.
176 马鞭草科 Verbenaceae 牡荆属 Vitex 山牡荆 Vitex quinata (Lour.) Will.
177 马鞭草科 Verbenaceae e 楔翅藤属 Sphenodesm 多花楔翅藤 Sphenodesme floribunda Chun et How
178 葡萄科 Vitaceae 乌蔹莓属 Cayratia 乌敛莓 Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep.
179 葡萄科 Vitaceae 崖爬藤属 Tetrastigma 三叶崖爬藤 Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg
180 姜科 Zingiberaceae 闭鞘姜属 Costus 闭鞘姜 Costus speciosus (Koen.) Smith
181 姜科 Zingiberaceae 山姜属 Alpinia 草豆蔻 Alpinia katsumadai Hayata
182 姜科 Zingiberaceae 闭鞘姜属 Costus 光叶闭鞘姜 Costus tonkinensis Gagnep.
183 姜科 Zingiberaceae 姜属 Zingiber 红球姜 Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Smith

Table S2

Fitness of different models on species-area relationship for a 1-ha rubber plantation plot in Danzhou, Hainan, http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-080-4.pdf"

模型 Model 参数 Parameter R2
b c z
幂函数模型 Power Model - 10.6 0.32 0.887
逻辑斯蒂模型 Logistic Model 1.12 0.005 0.74 0.974

Table S3

Chi-square test of species abundance distributions for a 1-ha rubber plantation plot in Danzhou, Hainan; http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-080-5.pdf"

模型
Model
卡方值
Chi-square
自由度
d. f.
P
对数正态 Log normal 34.1 13 <0.001
对数级数 Log serial 80.9 13 <0.001

Table S3

Comparisons of species richness between rubber plantation and other tropical rain forests in Hainan; http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-080-6.pdf"

森林类型
Forest types
海拔
Elevation
降雨量
Precipitation (mm)
样地面积
Area
(ha)
研究对象
Objective
种数/属数/科数
No. of species/genera/ family
参考文献
Reference
橡胶林(近自然) 70-100 1,815 1.0 全部植物 183/155/69 本研究 This study
热带山地雨林(尖峰岭) 790 2,651 1.0 DBH≥5 cm 171/93/52 方精云等(2004)
热带雨林(文昌) 70-85 2,000 0.9 H>1.5 m树木和草本 155/132/64 杨小波等(2005)
热带山地雨林(吊罗山) 600 2,566 0.5&#X000D7;2
(不连续取样)
DBH≥2.5 cm 190/95/44 方精云等(2004)
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