Biodiversity Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 525-531.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14001

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Composition of the Taiwan Strait fish fauna

Yongjun Chen1, Jing Zhang2, Puqing Song1, Ran Zhang1, Yuan Li1, Zhihui Zhong1, Longshan Lin1, *()   

  1. 1 .Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen, Fujian 361005
    2. Fisheries College of Jimei University, Xiamen, Fujian 361012
  • Received:2014-01-03 Accepted:2014-04-30 Online:2014-07-24
  • Lin Longshan E-mail:linlsh2005@126.com

In order to study the composition, in terms of ecological type, of the fish fauna in the Taiwan Strait, we collected data from historical surveys and relevant literature on fish species in the region. Here, we discuss variations in fish composition and fishery resources. Our results showed that a total of 1,697 species in 40 orders, 206 families and 740 genera were recorded. The dominant order was Perciformes and the dominant family was Gobiidae. There were 1,560 warm water species, 128 warm temperate species and 9 cold temperate species. The habitat type of fish could be grouped as follows: 596 continental sandy-muddy demersal fish, 596 reef-associated fish, 249 continental benthopelagic fish, 158 continental pelagic-neritic fish and 98 oceanic fish. Among them, 181 were migratory fishes and 735 were economic fishes. The highest number of species were shared between the Taiwan Strait and the South China Sea (91.9% overlap), while 69.3% of species in the Taiwan Strait were also found in the East China Sea, and 19.4% were shared with Yellow Sea. Most of the fishes could be classified as India-Western Pacific species, and only 288 species were distributed among all three areas of the China sea. The fish fauna of Taiwan Strait belongs to India-Western Pacific warm water region, specifically the China/Japan subregion and India-Malaysia subregion, and exhibits tropical and sub-tropical intertwined faunal characteristics. The boundary region of tropical and sub-tropical is around eastern edge of Taiwan Bank to the north of Penghu Islands.

Key words: Taiwan Strait, fish fauna, ecological type, global change

Table 1

Compositions of order, family, genus and species of fishes in Taiwan Strait"

纲 Class 目 Order 科 Family 属 Genus 种 Species
数量
Numbers (%)
数量
Numbers (%)
数量
Numbers (%)
盲鳗纲 Myxini 盲鳗目 Myxiniformes 1 (0.49) 2 (0.27) 8 (0.47)
软骨鱼纲 Chondrichthyes 银鲛目 Chimaeriformes 1 (0.49) 1 (0.14) 1 (0.06)
虎鲨目 Heterodontiformes 1 (0.49) 1 (0.14) 1 (0.06)
须鲨目 Orectolobiformes 4 (1.95) 4 (0.54) 6 (0.35)
鼠鲨目 Lamniformes 4 (1.95) 4 (0.54) 4 (0.24)
真鲨目 Carcharhiniformes 6 (2.93) 19 (2.57) 32 (1.88)
六鳃鲨目 Hexanchiformes 1 (0.49) 1 (0.14) 1 (0.06)
角鲨目 Squaliformes 2 (0.98) 2 (0.27) 4 (0.24)
扁鲨目 Squatiniformes 1 (0.49) 1 (0.14) 4 (0.24)
电鳐目 Torpediniformes 2 (0.98) 5 (0.68) 9 (0.53)
锯鳐目 Pristiformes 1 (0.49) 1 (0.14) 1 (0.06)
鳐目 Rajiformes 5 (2.44) 8 (1.08) 14 (0.82)
鲼目 Myliobatiformes 3 (1.46) 10 (1.36) 25 (1.47)
辐鳍鱼纲 Actinopterygii 鲟形目 Acipenseriformes 1 (0.49) 1 (0.14) 1 (0.06)
海鲢目 Elopiformes 2 (0.98) 2 (0.27) 3 (0.18)
北梭鱼目 Albuliformes 1 (0.49) 1 (0.14) 1 (0.06)
鳗鲡目 Anguilliformes 8 (3.90) 34 (4.59) 85 (5.01)
鲱形目 Clupeiformes 4 (1.95) 21 (2.83) 49 (2.89)
鼠鱚目 Gonorynchiformes 2 (0.98) 2 (0.27) 2 (0.12)
鲶形目 Siluriformes 2 (0.98) 4 (0.54) 4 (0.24)
水珍鱼目 Argentiniformes 1 (0.49) 1 (0.14) 1 (0.06)
胡瓜鱼目 Osmeriformes 1 (0.49) 3 (0.41) 5 (0.29)
巨口鱼目 Stomiiformes 2 (0.98) 8 (1.08) 8 (0.47)
辫鱼目 Ateleopodiformes 1 (0.49) 2 (0.27) 2 (0.12)
仙女鱼目 Aulopiformes 5 (2.44) 8 (1.08) 24 (1.41)
灯笼鱼目 Myctophiformes 2 (0.98) 3 (0.41) 4 (0.24)
月鱼目 Lampriformes 3 (1.46) 5 (0.68) 5 (0.29)
鳕形目 Gadiformes 3 (1.46) 6 (0.81) 15 (0.88)
鼬鳚目 Ophidiiformes 2 (0.98) 7 (0.95) 8 (0.47)
鮟鱇目 Lophiiformes 5 (2.44) 9 (1.22) 16 (0.94)
鲻形目 Mugiliformes 1 (0.49) 5 (0.68) 11 (0.65)
银汉鱼目 Atheriniformes 1 (0.49) 2 (0.27) 4 (0.24)
颌针鱼目 Beloniformes 3 (1.46) 14 (1.89) 30 (1.77)
金眼鲷目 Beryciformes 4 (1.95) 8 (1.08) 19 (1.12)
海鲂目 Zeiformes 2 (0.98) 3 (0.41) 3 (0.18)
刺鱼目 Gasetrosteiformes 6 (2.93) 16 (2.16) 31 (1.83)
鲉形目 Scorpaeniformes 9 (4.39) 50 (6.76) 90 (5.30)
鲈形目 Perciformes 85(41.46) 383 (51.76) 978 (57.63)
鲽形目 Pleuronectiformes 9 (4.39) 40 (5.41) 98 (5.75)
鲀形目 Tetraodontiformes 9 (4.39) 43 (5.81) 90 (5.30)
合计 Total 40 206 (100.0) 740 (100.0) 1,697 (100.0)

Table 2

Habitat type and ecological characteristics of fishes in Taiwan Strait"

适温性
Temperature adaptability
栖息地生态类型 Habitat type
大陆架砂泥质底层种类
Continental sandy-
muddy demersal fish
大陆架近底层种类
Continental
benthopelagic fish
大陆架中上层种类
Continental pelagic- neritic fish
岩礁性鱼类
Reef-
associated fish
大洋性种类
Oceanic
fish
总种类数Total species
暖水性种类 Warm water 520 219 139 588 94 1,560
暖温性种类 Warm temperate 68 29 19 8 4 128
冷温性种类 Cold temperate 8 1 0 0 0 9
总种类数 Total species 596 249 158 596 98 1,697
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