Biodiversity Science ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (3): 352-358.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.07203

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Population number and distribution of oriental pied hornbill in Guangxi, China

Yik Fui Philip Lo1, *(), Aiwu Jiang2, Bosco Pui Lok Chan1, Sai Chit Ng3, Naiwen Xie4, 5, Tengcheng Que6, Fei Li7   

  1. 1 Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden, Kadoorie Conservation China, Hong Kong
    2 College of Forestry, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi 540003
    3 Hong Kong Baptist University, School of Continuing Education, Hong Kong
    4 Xidamingshan Nature Reserve, Chongzuo, Guangxi 532114
    5 Fenghuangshan Forest Farm, Chongzuo, Guangxi 532114
    6 Nanning Zoo, Nanning, Guangxi 530007
    7 Yinggeling Nature Reserve, Baisha, Hainan 572800
  • Received:2013-02-09 Accepted:2013-04-01 Online:2013-06-05
  • Fui Philip Lo Yik E-mail:philiplo@kfbg.org

The oriental pied hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris albirostris) is a State Protected Species and also an important seed dispersal agent in Tropical Asia. Recent studies show that the range of oriental pied hornbill in Guangxi has decreased significantly in the last decades. During the 1970s the species was widespread along the Sino-Vietnamese border but since the 2000s it has been confined to only three isolated areas. Although the population has declined substantially, Xidamingshan still supports the largest hornbill population known in Guangxi. In order to understand the current status of the species in Guangxi, China, we conducted a simultaneous population survey in Xidamingshan Nature Reserve in 2009. At least, fifty birds were recorded during survey and 124 plant species are identified as potential food source of the bird. Human disturbance and hunting are the main threats to the species in Guangxi. Further research and conservation of the species are urgently required.

Key words: Anthracoceros albirostris albirostris, hornbill, seed dispersal, conservation, ecology, Xidamingshan, Guangxi, China

Fig. 1

Oriental pied hornbill in Xidamingshan Nature Reserve, Guangxi. (Photo by Rujun Feng)"

Fig. 2

Survey posts of the 2009 hornbill simultaneous survey in Xidamingshan Nature Reserve, Guangxi"

Table 1

Result of the Dec. 2009 Xidamingshan hornbill simultaneous survey"

林区
Forest block
林场
Forest farm
地点
Location
目击数量
Individual observed
叫声的记录次数a
Call heard
西大明山
Xidamingshan
凤凰山
Fenghuangshan
咘练屯(两调查小队) Molian (two survey teams) 8+2+2 (3群, 3 flocks) 0
那俄 Na’e 0 2
渌井 Lujing 0 6
罗维(两调查小队) Luowei (two survey teams) 4 (1群, 1 flock) 0
新灵 Xinling 0 1
渌井瞭望台 Lujing Lookout 0 0
大明山瞭望台 Damingshan Lookout 0 0
小明山
Xiaomingshan
礼智
Lizhi
地腰屯 Diyao 0 2
昆峰屯 Kunfeng 3+5 (2群, 2 flocks) 3
洋华屯 Yanghua 0 0
小明山
Xiaomingshan
十三岭分场 Shisanling 5 0
妹岜屯 Meiba 0 0
总数 Total 29 14
目击 + 叫声 Observed + Call 43b

Fig. 3

Distribution changes of oriental pied hornbill population in Guangxi"

Appendix I

List of hornbill associated plant species recorded in Xidamingshan Nature Reserve in Aug. 2009 and Sept. 2010"

Family 中文名 学名
Scientific name
生活型a
Habitsa
利用状况b
Usage by hornbillsb
裸子植物 Gymnosperms
买麻藤科 Gnetaceae 垂子买麻藤 Gnetum pendulum L F
罗汉松科 Podocarpaceae 脉叶罗汉松 Podocarpus neriifolius T P
被子植物 Angiosperms
双子叶植物 Dicotyledons
猕猴桃科 Actinidiaceae 水东哥 Saurauia tristyla T F
阔叶猕猴桃 Staurogyne stenophylla L P*
八角枫科 Alangiaceae 八角枫 Alangium chinense T P
漆树科 Anacardiacea 酸枣 Choerospondias axillaris T F
盐肤木 Rhus chinensis T P*
白背麸杨 R. hypoleuca T P
野漆树 Toxicodendron succedaneum T P
番荔枝科 Annonaceae 瓜馥木 Fissistigma oldhamii L P
黑风藤 F. polyanthum L P
斜脉暗罗 Polyalthia plagioneura T P
山椒子 Uvaria grandiflora L P
紫玉盘 U. microcarpa L P*
冬青科 Aquifoliaceae 沙坝冬青 Ilex chapaensis T P
广东冬青 I. kwangtungensis T P
五加科 Araliaceae 短梗罗伞 Brassaiopsis glomerulata T P
鹅掌藤 Schefflera arboricola L P
鸭脚木 S. heptaphylla C P
橄榄科 Burseraceae 橄榄 Canarium album C F
金粟兰科 Chloranthaceae 草珊瑚 Sarcandra glabra H F
藤黄科 Clusiaceae 岭南山竹子 Garcinia oblongifolia T P
五桠果科 Dilleniaceae 大花五桠果 Dillenia turbinate C P*
柿树科 Ebenaceae 罗浮柿 Diospyros morrisiana C F
杜英科 Elaeocarpaceae 显脉杜英 Elaeocarpus dubius C P
绢毛杜英 E. nitentifolius C P
大戟科 Euphorbiaceae 黄毛五月茶 Antidesma fordii T P
银柴 Aporosa dioica T P
橄树 A. yunnanensis T P
木奶果 Baccaurea ramiflora T P
秋枫 Bischofia javanica C F
重阳木 B. polycarpa T P*
禾串树 Bridelia insulana T P
巴豆 Croton tiglium T P*
黄桐 Endospermum chinense C F
白背算盘子 Glochidion wrightii T P
中平树 Macaranga denticulata T P
毛桐 Mallotus barbatus T P
白楸 M. paniculatus C P
粗糠柴 M. philippinensis T P*
余甘子 Phyllanthus emblica C P*
山乌桕 Sapium discolor C F
壳斗科 Fagaceae 罗浮锥 Castanopsis fabri C F
大风子科 Flacourtiaceae 毛叶嘉赐树 Casearia balansae C P
大叶刺篱木 Flacourtia rukam C P
金缕梅科 Hamamelidaceae 枫香 Liquidambar formosana C F, N
茶茱萸科 Icacinaceae 定心藤 Mappianthes iodoides L P
假柴龙树 Nothapodytes obtusifolia C P
肖榄属一种 Platea sp. T P
樟科 Lauraceae 毛黄肉楠 Actinodaphne pilosa T P*
阴香 Cinnamomum burmanni T P*
樟树 C. camphora C P
黄果厚壳桂 Cryptocarya concinna C P
滇粤山胡椒 Lindera metcalfiana T P
山苍子 Litsea cubeba C P
潺槁树 L. glutinosa T P*
假柿木姜子 L.monopetala C P
参考大果木姜子 L. sp. cf. lancilimba C P
黄椿木姜 L. variabilis C P
雄鸡树 L. variabilis f. chinensis C P
轮叶木姜子 L. verticillata T P
黄心树 Machilus gamblei C P
刨花润楠 M. pauhoi C F
润楠属一种 Machilus sp. C N
香港新木姜 Neolitsea cambodiana var. glabra T P
红毛山楠 Phoebe hungmoensis T P
楠属一种 Phoebe sp. T P
木兰科 Magnoliaceae 观光木 Michelia odora C P
楝科 Meliaceae 苦楝 Melia azedaeach T P*
香椿 Toona sinensis T P*
割舌树 Walsura robusta T P
防己科 Menispermaceae 中华青牛胆 Tinospora sinensis L P
桑科 Moraceae 二色波罗密 Artocarpus styracifolius C P
胭脂 A. tonkinensis C P
葡蟠 Broussonetia kaempferi L P
构树 B. papyrifera C P
高山榕 Ficus altissima T P
大果榕 F. auriculata T P
黄毛榕 F. esquiroliana C P
粗叶榕 F. hirta T P
对叶榕 F. hispida T P*
青藤公 F. langkokensis C P
榕树 F. microcarpa C F
斜叶榕 F. tinctoria subsp. gibbosa C P
青果榕 F. variegate var. chlorocarpa C P*
黄葛树 F. virens C F
紫金牛科 Myrsinaceae 罗伞树 Ardisia quinquegona S P
越南紫金牛 A. waitakii S P
白花酸藤果 Embelia ribes L P*
桃金娘科 Myrtaceae 水翁 Cleistocalyx operculatus T P*
乌墨 Syzygium cumini C P
西番莲科 Passifloraceae 蒴莲 Adenia chevalieri L P
红树科 Rhizophoraceae 竹节树 Carallia brachiata T P
蔷薇科 Rosaceae 大叶桂樱 Laurocerasus zippeliana T P
臀果木 Pygeum topengii C P
茜草科 Rubiaceae 毛山黄皮 Aidia pycnantha T P
鱼骨木 Canthium dicoccum T P
楠藤 Mussaenda erosa L P
黐花 M. esquirolii S P
芸香科 Rutaceae 三桠苦 Evodia lepta T P
大叶臭花椒 Zanthoxylum myriacanthum T P
清风藤科 Sabiaceae 香皮树 Meliosma fordii C P
笔罗子 M. rigida C P
绿樟 M. squamulata T P
清风藤 Sabia japonica L P
檀香科 Santalaceae 寄生藤 Dendrotrophe frutescens L P
无患子科 Sapindaceae 柄果木 Mischocarpus sundaicus T P
海南韶子 Nephelium topengii C P
山榄科 Sapotaceae 绒毛肉实树 Sarcosperma kachinense T P
梧桐科 Sterculiaceae 假苹婆 Sterculia lanceolata T P
安息香科 Styracaceae 赤杨叶 Alniphyllum fortunei C F
山矾科 Symplocaceae 腺叶山矾 Symplocos adenophylla C P
越南山矾 S. cochinchinensis C P
椴树科 Tiliaceae 破布叶 Microcos paniculata T P
榆科 Ulmaceae 糙叶树 Aphananthe aspera C P
白颜树 Gironniera subaequalis T P
异色山黄麻 Trema orientalis C P
葡萄科 Vitaceae 粤蛇葡萄 Ampelopsis cantoniensis L P
扁担藤 Tetrastigma planicaule L F
单子叶植物 Monocotyledons
天南星科 Araceae 麒麟叶 Epipremnum pinnatum L P
棕榈科 Arecaceae 鱼尾葵 Caryota ochlandra C F
百合科 Liliaceae 剑叶菝葜 Smilax lanceifolia L P
抱茎菝葜 S. ocreata L P
芭蕉科 Musaceae 野蕉 Musa balbisiana T P
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