Biodiversity Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 107-116.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019297

• Original Papers •     Next Article

Contribution of rare species to species diversity and species abundance distribution pattern in the Gannan subalpine meadow

Minxia Liu(), Quandi Li, Xiaoxuan Jiang, Sujuan Xia, Xiaoning Nan, Yaya Zhang, Bowen Li   

  1. College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070
  • Received:2019-09-23 Accepted:2019-11-29 Online:2020-04-02
  • Minxia Liu

Rare species not only contribute to a community’s species abundance distribution pattern, but are also important contributors to alpha diversity. In this study, we studied the changes of species diversity and species abundance distribution pattern in the subalpine meadow of Gannan at different slope directions. To do this, we used means of additive allocation and RAD package of Fortran software fitting to analyze species abundance distribution pattern and α diversity to determine the contribution of rare species in species abundance distribution pattern. The results show that: (1) From southern to northern slopes, environmental factors changed greatly as the total soil phosphorus, soil organic carbon, available phosphorus, carbon-nitrogen ratio and water content increased. The ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus and soil pH showed decreasing trends. Soil total nitrogen was significantly lower in the west slope than in other slope directions, while available nitrogen has no significant difference in all aspects. (2) The influence of rare species on the community’s species diversity increased from south to north. However, compared with the scenarios of removing rare species and the condition of removing non-rare species, the effect of removing rare species in all aspects was higher than that of removing non-rare species. Therefore, the relative contribution of rare species to species diversity was higher than that of non-rare species. (3) The resource acquisition strategy of rare species was found to be random (the random fraction). However, the niche preemption model (the geometric series) is the main model for non-rare species. Due to the large dispersal capacity of rare species, the niche overlap among species will be more obvious in the communities with high species diversity. In this way, the increase of species diversity is inhibited, thus maintaining the biodiversity.

Key words: Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, species diversity, species abundance distribution pattern, rare species, resource allocation

Table 1

Overview of the experimental sample area"

坡向 Aspect 纬度 Latitude 经度 Longitude 坡度 Slope (°) 海拔 Altitude (m)
南坡 South (S) 34°58° N 102°51° E 28.5 ± 1.7a 3,001
西南坡 Southwest (SW) 34°58° N 102°51° E 29.0 ± 2.1a 3,009
西坡 West (W) 34°58° N 102°51° E 29.5 ± 2.1b 3,006
西北坡 Northwest (NW) 34°58° N 102°51° E 22 ± 2.9c 3,001
北坡 North (N) 34°58° N 102°51° E 27.5 ± 3.3c 3,000

Fig. 1

Soil environmental factors at different slope aspects in the Gannan subalpine meadow (mean ± SD). S, South; SW, Southwest; W, West; NW, Northwest; N, North. Different lowercase letters represent significant differences."

Fig. 2

Species diversity indices at different slope aspects in the Gannan subalpine meadow (mean ± SD). S, South; SW, Southwest; W, West; NW, Northwest; N, North. Different lowercase letters represent significant differences."

Fig. 3

Effects of rare species and non-rare species on species diversity at different slope aspects in the Gannan subalpine meadow (mean ± SD). S, South; SW, Southwest; W, West; NW, Northwest; N, North."

Table 2

Model fitting of rare species and non-rare species at different slope aspect in the Gannan subalpine meadow"

Test result
非稀有种 Non-rare species 稀有种 Rare species
geo. lser. bro. over. rane. geo. lser. bro. over. rane.
R 12.76 1.82 3.15 - 12.76 8.16 2.05 12.25 - 4.09
Oc 0.80 0.80 1.15 - 0.00 0.60 0.80 2.48 - 1.00
CL 0.95 0.86 0.80 - 0.02 0.65 0.03 0.80 - 0.98
R 54.85 10.89 5.85 6.07 91.27 44.10 220.37 26.85 28.96 41.14
Oc 4.66 0.12 5.62 2.81 6.22 11.64 6.64 7.67 11.51 11.64
CL 1.00 0.85 0.875 0.81 1.00 0.00 0.44 0.66 1.00 1.00
R 18.14 389.42 53.30 43.98 20.34 13.31 380.92 421.50 747.82 248.02
Oc 1.74 38.34 16.05 20.39 1.74 14.28 161.91 106.40 359.64 550.49
CL 1.00 0.40 0.80 0.00 1.00 0.53 0.17 0.88 0.00 0.085
R 42.42 156.01 32.16 36.91 45.74 154.73 154.72 106.31 235.95 22.59
Oc 4.30 17.57 15.14 14.29 4.39 60.32 34.02 34.03 106.63 4.00
CL 1.00 0.25 0.92 0.91 0.91 0.21 0.89 0.89 0.00 1.00
R 39.88 303.2 72.83 75.73 49.43 27.50 161.06 161.62 246.23 6.33
Oc 11.37 37.36 23.43 17.12 11.37 8.47 60.69 60.69 19.75 4.23
CL 1.00 0.50 0.83 0.00 1.00 1.00 0.91 0.91 0.86 0.98

Fig. 4

Comparison of rare species (a) and non-rare species (b) based on geometric series fitting values at different slope aspects in the Gannan subalpine meadow. S, South; SW, Southwest; W, West; NW, Northwest; N, North."

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