Biodiv Sci ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 88-96.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2018203

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Conservation easement-inspired adaptive management methods for natural protected areas: A case study on Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot

Wang Yufei1,Su Hongqiao1,Zhao Xinrui1,Su Yang1,Luo Min2,*()   

  1. 1 Management World Magazine, Development Research Center of the State Council, Beijing 100026
    2 Environmental Protection Magazine, Beijing 100062
  • Received:2018-07-30 Accepted:2018-10-10 Online:2019-01-20 Published:2019-02-21
  • Contact: Luo Min

Abstract:

It is difficult to carry out highly effective management in the natural protected areas of China due to complicated land ownership and lack of scientific research, especially in the National Park pilots. This paper proposes a conservation easement policy based on focused conservation needs by integrating an innovative adaptive management method and an ecological compensation plan, using the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot as an example. First, the major conservation needs of the ecosystem elements are refined by determining the spatial scope of the easement implementation according to the land type. Secondly, the relationship between conservation need and the livelihood of local residents is clarified to form the classified conservation list. The evaluation method for easement is designed in three dimensions: improvement of monitoring indicators of the ecosystem, compliance with positive and negative actions and community capacity cultivation. Finally, the easement contract is formed by outlining the clear rights and responsibilities of the easement donor and donee. A scientific and flexible plan for ecological compensation is also carried out. This method can effectively solve the problem of land resource fragmentation at both on the ecosystem and landscape scale, which is normally caused by inconsistent ownership, as well as the conflict between community development and ecological conservation. Finally, this plan can be applied to the natural protected areas in southern China where the collective forest coverage is relatively high.

Key words: ecological compensation, adaptive management, conservation easement, natural protected areas, national park