Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (6): 577-599.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017097

• Reviews • Previous Article     Next Article

Approaches used to detect and test hybridization: combining phylogenetic and population genetic analyses

Jian-Feng Mao1, *(), Yongpeng Ma2, Renchao Zhou3   

  1. 1 National Engineering Laboratory for Tree Breeding, Key Laboratory of Genetics and Breeding in Forest Trees and Ornamental Plants of Ministry of Education, College of Biological Sciences and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
    2 Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201
    3 School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275
  • Received:2017-03-26 Accepted:2017-05-04 Online:2017-07-10
  • Mao Jian-Feng E-mail:jianfeng.mao@bjfu.edu.cn

Hybridization among diverging (interspecific or intraspecific) groups involves gene flow and genetic recombination. Increasingly, studies have shown that hybridization, a process of genetic exchanges, occurs widely in the divergence and unity of animals, plants, and microorganisms, and acts as an important mechanism for the formation and maintenance of biological diversity. The rapid development of high-throughput sequencing technology and the widespread application of genome-level techniques provides an unprecedented opportunity for us to further evaluate the universality and evolutionary significance of hybridization. However, selecting appropriate research techniques and strategies to detect the potential hybridization and evaluate its characteristics becomes a common question. In this review, we attempt to synthesize methods from phylogenetics and population genetics of the genomic era to provide biodiversity and evolutionary researchers a practical reference for testing hybridization.

Key words: genetic exchange, gene flow, biodiversity, phylogenetics, population genetics

Fig. 1

Molecular genotyping technologies in the genomic era (adapted from Lemmon & Lemmon, 2013). The figure lists the features, operating procedures and data processing of each sequencing technique."

Fig. 2

The brief work-flow of phylogenetic strategy used to test hybridization (adapted from Lemmon & Lemmon, 2013). The work-flow contains multiple steps including data processing, data quality evaluation, data screening, orthologous gene identification, sequence analysis, selection of base substitution model, phylogenetic tree and phylogenetic network reconstruction. We sort out the hierarchy of recommended, suboptimal or requires validation and not recommended, in consideration of the degree of operation, the reliability of the data, whether can distinguish hybridization, incomplete lineage sorting and other factors. And we list the available softwares for each step."

Fig. 3

The current population genomic work-flow used to test hybridization. The basic process of global and local testing for the existence and mode of hybridization through data collection, data processing and analysis are presented. The data format and some of the available softwares are listed."

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[梁冬, 毛建丰, 赵伟, 周先清, 袁虎威, 王黎明, 邢芳倩, 王晓茹, 李悦 (2013) 高山松及其亲本种群在油松生境下的苗期性状. 植物生态学报, 37, 150-163.]
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