Biodiversity Science ›› 2002, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (1): 119-125.doi: 10.17520/biods.2002014

• 论文 • Previous Article     Next Article

Alien invasive species in China: their damages and management strategies

WAN Fang-Hao, GUO Jian-Ying, WANG De-Hui   

  1. 1 Institute of Biological Control , Chinese Academy of Agricul tural Sciences , Beijing 100081
    2 Department of Nature Conservation , State Environmental Protection Administ ration , Beijing 100035
  • Online:2002-02-20
  • WAN FangHao

The impacts and invasion method of alien invasive species (AIS), and prevention and management of biological invasion are discussed. Biological invasion is becoming one of the most important factors threatening biodiversity and stability of various ecological systems in China. The impacts of these biological invasions are becoming a more serious problems with development and increase of global trade, transportation, international travel and ecological tourism. Harmful AIS often leads to irreversible species extinction, and results in substantial economic losses within managed and natural ecosystems, including agriculture, forestry, fishery and animal production. Newly invading weeds, insect pests and plant diseases frequently result in large scale outbreaks and persistent use of chemical pesticides. Successful invasion and spread of some major insect pests and weeds in China were caused by man made factors. These include decision mistakes and unintentional introduction of some plants, such as water hyacinth and alligator weed as pig food, irresponsible introduction actions taken by individual/group without any ecological concerns, and lack of rapid response mechanism for eradicating potentially AIS as soon as they appear. China is an agricultural country. Any biological invasion will be a "big bomb" for our agriculture and inevitably result in ecological and economic losses in specific ecosystem and specific geographic regions. Prevention of biological invasion is an important aspect for safeguarding the state′s ecological safety. Development and researches should focus on building the state capacity, research capacity, and management capacity for addressing AIS problem. Based on the urgent situation of AIS in China, priority for research and action plans concentrate on: developing methods to identify the origin and pathways of invasive population; understanding the biological and ecological bases of AIS; developing environmentally friendly methods for control of AIS; developing environmental impact assessment and risk analysis methods for AIS; and developing methods for the recovery of habitats after control of AIS.

Key words: plant male sterility, diversity, cause, group, induction, application

[1] Wenying Zhuang Yi Li Huandi Zheng Zhaoqing Zeng Xincun Wang. (2020) Threat status of macro-ascomycetes in China and analysis of its threatening factors . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 0-0.
[2] Yi Li Zhiyao Tang Yujing Yan Ke Wang Lei Cai Jinsheng He Song Gu Yijian Yao. (2020) Incorporating species distribution modelling into the red list assessment and conservation of macrofungi: A case study with Ophiocordyceps sinensis . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 0-0.
[3] Zihong Chen, Yuanbing Wang, Yongdong Dai, Kai Chen, Ling Xu, Qingcheng He. (2019) Species diversity and seasonal fluctuation of entomogenous fungi of Ascomycota in Taibaoshan Forest Park in western Yunnan . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 993-1001.
[4] SHI Jing-Jing,ZHAO Ming-Fei,WANG Yu-Hang,XUE Feng,KANG Mu-Yi,JIANG Yuan. (2019) Community assembly of herbaceous layer of the planted forests in the central Loess Plateau, China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 834-842.
[5] Yibo Tan, Wenhui Shen, Zi Fu, Wei Zheng, Zhiyang Ou, Zhangqiang Tan, Yuhua Peng, Shilong Pang, Qinfei He, Xiaorong Huang, Feng He. (2019) Effect of environmental factors on understory species diversity in Southwest Guangxi Excentrodendron tonkinense forests . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 970-983.
[6] FANG Wen-Jing,CAI Qiong,ZHU Jiang-Ling,JI Cheng-Jun,YUE Ming,GUO Wei-Hua,ZHANG Feng,GAO Xian-Ming,TANG Zhi-Yao,FANG Jing-Yun. (2019) Distribution, community structures and species diversity of larch forests in North China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 742-752.
[7] Shun Li, Liang Zou, Yinan Gong, Haitao Yang, Tianming Wang, Limin Feng, Jianping Ge. (2019) Advances in LiDAR technology in the field of animal ecology . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[8] Rui Yang, Qinyi Peng, Yue Cao, Le Zhong, Shuyu Hou, Zhicong Zhao, Cheng Huang. (2019) Transformative changes and paths toward biodiversity conservation in China . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1032-1040.
[9] QIN Hao,ZHANG Yin-Bo,DONG Gang,ZHANG Feng. (2019) Altitudinal patterns of taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity of forest communities in Mount Guandi, Shanxi, China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 762-773.
[10] TANG Li-Li,YANG Tong,LIU Hong-Yan,KANG Mu-Yi,WANG Ren-Qing,ZHANG Feng,GAO Xian-Ming,YUE Ming,ZHANG Mei,ZHENG Pu-Fan,SHI Fu-Chen. (2019) Distribution and species diversity patterns of Vitex negundo var. heterophylla shrublands in North China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 825-833.
[11] Yongmin Li, Xiaobing Wu. (2019) A revised species list of amphibians and reptiles in the Anhui Province . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1002-1011.
[12] XU Jin-Shi,CHAI Yong-Fu,LIU Xiao,YUE Ming,GUO Yao-Xin,KANG Mu-Yi,LIU Quan-Ru,ZHENG Cheng-Yang,JI Cheng-Jun,YAN Ming,ZHANG Feng,GAO Xian-Ming,WANG Ren-Qing,SHI Fu-Chen,ZHANG Qin-Di,WANG Mao. (2019) Community assembly, diversity patterns and distributions of broad-leaved forests in North China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 732-741.
[13] Junning Li, Tong Li, Yulian Wei. (2019) Relationship between diversity of wood-decaying fungi and their host wood in the Fenglin National Nature Reserve . Biodiv Sci, 27(8): 880-886.
[14] Zhongdong Yu, Zhihe Yu, Shiyu Jin, Long Wang. (2019) Genetic diversity and toxin-producing characters of Aspergillus flavus from China . Biodiv Sci, 27(8): 842-853.
[15] Jun Liu, Ning Wang, Daizong Cui, Lei Lu, Min Zhao. (2019) Community structure and diversity of soil bacteria in different habitats of Da Liangzihe National Forest Park in the Lesser Khinggan Mountains . Biodiv Sci, 27(8): 911-918.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed