生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (1): 116-125.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2014221

• 保护论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

《濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约》“海上引进”管理的回顾与展望

樊恩源1*, 樊祥国2, 刘颖2, 朱争光2, 王晓梅1, 邢迎春1, 刘宝祥1, 何赛1   

  1. 1中国水产科学研究院, 北京 100141
    2农业部中国渔政指挥中心, 北京 100125
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-16 修回日期:2015-01-20 出版日期:2015-01-20 发布日期:2015-05-04
  • 通讯作者: 樊恩源

Historical retrospect on “Introduction from the Sea” in CITES

Enyuan Fan1*, Xiangguo Fan2, Ying Liu2, Zhengguang Zhu2, Xiaomei Wang1, Yingchun Xing1, Baoxiang Liu1, Sai He1   

  1. 1Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Beijing 100141

    2China Fishery Law Enforcement Command, Ministry of Agriculture, P.R.C., Beijing 100125
  • Received:2014-10-16 Revised:2015-01-20 Online:2015-01-20 Published:2015-05-04
  • Contact: Enyuan Fan

摘要:

《濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约》(CITES)将“海上引进”定义为海洋生物国际贸易形式。CITES近年来一直致力于海洋物种资源的管理, “与专业渔业组织的合作”、“海上引进”管理及“非致危性判定”是CITES推进海洋物种管理进程的3个重要步骤。2006年, CITES与联合国粮农组织就海洋物种管理签订了合作备忘录; 2013年, CITES第十六次缔约国大会表决通过了海洋物种“海上引进”管理框架。本文以CITES及相关国际渔业组织的会议记录为依据, 系统回顾了CITES海洋物种管理议题, 总结了“海上引进”管理提案在CITES缔约国大会获得通过的过程, 分析并展望了CITES参与海洋物种管理的未来趋势。作者认为, “海上引进”管理为CITES参与和推进海洋渔业资源管理创造了有利条件, 并因此对公海渔业资源利益分配产生深刻影响。建议我国有关部门关注CITES海洋物种管理进展, 积极参与CITES海洋物种管理政策及技术规则的制定, 提高并完善海洋渔业资源保护利用管理能力。

关键词: CITES, 渔业, 海洋物种, 保护, 管理, 缔约国大会

Abstract:

“The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora” (CITES)has been committed to the marine species resource management based on the strategy in recent years. As a Convention focusing on biodiversity conservation, working and cooperating with fishery management organization, implementing the “Introduction from the Sea” management and “Non-detrimental Findings” making are proved to be the three important components in the realization of the management objectives, where the feasibility of the implementation of “Introduction from the Sea”, which is required by the convention itself, can be regarded as the most important issue. Based on the document information and summary recording of the meetings organized by CITES and related fishery management organization, the paper retrospect the controversy arising in the meeting discussion, summarize the process of the consensus reached, and forecast the prospect of the CITES management on marine species. It is concluded that CITES will be more and more involved in marine fishery management with the advance of “Introduction from the Sea” management, which will bring significant impact on fishery in high sea. It is suggested that China highly concern about the development of the fishery management of CITES, actively join the designing of the CITES technical rules and procedure and keep improving the ability in marine species conservation and fishery management.

Key words: CITES, fishery, marine species, conservation, management, Conference of the Parties