生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (10): 1101-1111.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019213

• 研究报告:动物多样性 • 上一篇    下一篇

千岛湖陆桥岛屿地表蚂蚁群落物种多样性空间格局及其影响因素

周浩楠,赵郁豪,曾頔,刘娟,金挺浩,丁平()   

  1. 浙江大学生命科学学院, 杭州 310058
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-03 接受日期:2019-09-10 出版日期:2019-10-20 发布日期:2019-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 丁平
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31210103908);国家自然科学基金(31572250)

Spatial patterns and influencing factors of ground ant species diversity on the land-bridge islands in the Thousand Island Lake, China

Zhou Haonan,Zhao Yuhao,Zeng Di,Liu Juan,Jin Tinghao,Ding Ping()   

  1. College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058
  • Received:2019-07-03 Accepted:2019-09-10 Online:2019-10-20 Published:2019-10-20
  • Contact: Ding Ping

摘要:

为了探讨千岛湖岛屿景观参数对地表蚂蚁群落物种α和β多样性空间格局的影响, 作者分别于2017和2018年的5-8月, 采用陷阱法、凋落物分拣法和手捡法调查了千岛湖33个岛屿上的地表蚂蚁群落, 并依据食性将其划分为捕食性蚂蚁和杂食性蚂蚁。利用回归模型分析了全部蚂蚁、捕食性蚂蚁和杂食性蚂蚁群落α和β多样性与岛屿景观参数的关系。结果表明, 岛屿面积对全部蚂蚁、捕食性蚂蚁和杂食性蚂蚁的物种丰富度均有显著的正向影响, 而隔离度则无显著作用。蚂蚁群落的β多样性由空间周转组分主导。岛屿面积差对全部蚂蚁、捕食性蚂蚁和杂食性蚂蚁群落β多样性的嵌套组分有正向影响, 隔离度差只对杂食性蚂蚁的总体β多样性有正向影响。因此, 岛屿面积是影响千岛湖地表蚂蚁群落物种丰富度的主要因素, 并且岛屿面积通过嵌套组分来影响蚂蚁群落的β多样性, 表现出选择性灭绝过程。此外, 不同食性蚂蚁可能因为扩散能力的差异对岛屿景观参数产生不同的响应。

关键词: 千岛湖, 生境片断化, 蚂蚁食性, 物种丰富度, β多样性

Abstract:

To explore spatial patterns and environmental factors affecting ground ant species diversity in the Thousand Island Lake, China, we surveyed ground ants using pitfall traps, leaf litter extraction and hand collecting on 33 islands from May to August in 2017 and 2018. We divided all ground ants into predator or omnivore ants and then used the regression models to analyze relationships between ant species diversity and island attributes. Island area had positive effects on species richness of total ants, predator ants and omnivore ants; but isolation had no significant effects. The β diversity of ants was dominated by spatial turnover component. Difference in island area had positive effects on the nestedness-resultant component of total ants, predator ants and omnivore ants communities. Difference in isolation had significant positive effects on the total β diversity of omnivore ants. Island area was the main factor affecting spatial patterns of ant species richness. In addition, island area affected the β diversity of ants via changing nestedness-resultant component, which indicates a selective extinction process in ant community assembly. Different responses of predator ants and omnivore ants to island attributes may be due to variation of dispersal ability.

Key words: Thousand Island Lake, habitat fragmentation, ant diet, species richness, β diversity