生物多样性 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (11): 1176-1181.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2017236

• 《生物多样性公约》履约专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

重视女性在生物多样性保护中的作用

刘海鸥1,2, 陈海君2, 刘蕾2, 晏薇2, 薛达元1,*()   

  1. 1 中央民族大学生命与环境科学学院, 北京 100081
    2 环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心全球环境基金/绿色气候基金项目执行办公室, 北京 100035;
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-01 接受日期:2017-11-16 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 薛达元
  • 基金资助:
    中央民族大学高等学校学科创新引智计划(B08044)

Incorporating gender equality into biodiversity conservation

Haiou Liu1,2, Haijun Chen2, Lei Liu2, Wei Yan2, Dayuan Xue1,*()   

  1. 1 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
    2 GEF/GCF Implementation Office, Foreign Economic Cooperation Office, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100035
  • Received:2017-09-01 Accepted:2017-11-16 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20
  • Contact: Xue Dayuan

摘要:

中国是生物多样性大国, 也是高度重视性别平等的国家之一, 在履行《生物多样性公约》和世界性别平等舞台上均扮演着重要角色。但目前中国在生物多样性保护中的性别主流化方面仍进展较慢, 这与其在推进生物多样性保护方面发挥的积极作用不相匹配。为此, 本文通过梳理生物多样性与性别的特别关系, 探讨了生物多样性保护中性别概念的产生和演化过程, 分析了国际组织、多边基金和一些国家在生物多样性保护中性别主流化方面的研究成果和工作进展, 进而提出加强性别与生物多样性问题的研究、相关机构能力的建设、性别与生物多样性的政策导入以及国内生物多样性项目的管理等建议, 以期为中国在未来生物多样性与性别领域开展工作、国家履约和参与《生物多样性公约》国际谈判提供参考。

关键词: 生物多样性, 生物多样性公约, 性别平等, 性别主流化

Abstract:

China is rich in biological diversity resources and attaches great importance to gender equality as a country. China plays an important role in the worldwide realm of the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and gender equality. However, gender mainstreaming in biodiversity conservation in China is still in its early stages, and does not match with positive roles promoting biodiversity conservation and gender equality nationally. Therefore, we analyze the special relationship between biodiversity and gender, discuss the generation and evolution of the concept of gender in biodiversity conservation, and summarize the progress of international organizations, multilateral funds and frontrunner nations regarding gender mainstreaming in biodiversity conservation. We put forward suggestions, including strengthening research on gender and biodiversity issues, enhancing capacity-building of related agencies, promoting the introduction of gender and biodiversity issues into policy decision-making, and improving domestic biodiversity project management, all with the aim to provide guidance for follow-up work and a reference for the implementation and negotiation of the Convention on Biological Diversity in China.

Key words: biodiversity, Convention on Biological Diversity, gender equality, gender mainstreaming