生物多样性 ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (4): 517-521.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2012.05215

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

湖南丹霞地貌区蕨类植物多样性

严岳鸿1, 2*, 何祖霞1, 2, 马其侠1, 周喜乐1, 陆奇勇3   

  1. 1上海辰山植物园(中科院上海辰山植物科学研究中心), 上海 201602
    2湖南科技大学生命科学学院, 湖南湘潭 411201
    3湖南省通道县林业局, 湖南通道 418500
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-28 修回日期:2012-03-28 出版日期:2012-07-20
  • 通讯作者: 严岳鸿 E-mail:yan.yh@126.com
  • 基金项目:

    香港嘉道理农场暨植物园研究基金资助;国家科技基础条件平台工作重点项目;上海市绿化和市容管理局攻关项目

The pteridophyte diversity of the Danxia landform in Hunan Province, China

Yuehong Yan1, 2*, Zuxia He1, 2, Qixia Ma1, Xile Zhou1, Qiyong Lu3   

  1. 1Chen Shan Botanical Garden (Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences), Shanghai 201602

    2School of Life Science, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan, Hunan 411201

    3Tongdao County Forestry Bureau, Tongdao, Hunan 418500
  • Received:2011-11-28 Revised:2012-03-28 Online:2012-07-20
  • Contact: Yuehong Yan E-mail:yan.yh@126.com

丹霞地貌是有别于石灰岩地貌和花岗岩地貌的特殊地貌类型, 发育着较为独特的植被类型和植物区系。我们于2007–2010年间对湖南新宁崀山、茶陵浣溪、平江石牛寨、资兴程江口、浏阳达浒、通道万佛山、沅陵五强溪夸父山、溆浦思蒙等地丹霞地貌的蕨类植物进行了广泛调查, 报道了湖南丹霞地貌区蕨类植物31科66属183种的详细名录。其中, 无腺姬蕨(Hypolepis polypodioides)、隐囊蕨(Notholaena hirsuta)、仙霞铁线蕨(Adiantum juxtapositum)、百山祖短肠蕨(Allantodia baishanzuensis)、肉质短肠蕨(A. succulenta)、骨碎补铁角蕨(Asplenium ritoense)、钝齿耳蕨(Polystichum deltodon var. henryi)、无盖耳蕨(P. gymnocarpium)、单羽耳蕨(P. simplicipinnum)、二型肋毛 蕨(Ctenitis dingnanensis)等9种为湖南新记录种。湖南丹霞地貌的蕨类植物种类组成主要有鳞毛蕨科、蹄盖蕨科、水龙骨科、金星蕨科、卷柏科、铁角蕨科等较大科及鳞毛蕨属(Dryopteris)、卷柏属(Selaginella)、铁角蕨属(Asplenium)、短肠蕨属(Allantodia)和凤尾蕨属(Pteris)等较大属。生态适应特点分析表明丹霞地貌既有喜钙质土的种类, 也有喜酸性土的种类, 仙霞铁线蕨和无盖耳蕨可能是丹霞地貌的特有植物, 因而具有石灰岩地貌蕨类植物区系和花岗岩地貌蕨类植物区系之间的过渡性特点。建议将垫状卷柏(Selaginella pulvinata)、福建观音座莲(Angiopteris fokiensis)、仙霞铁线蕨、骨碎补铁角蕨、鞭叶蕨(Cyrtomidictyum lepidocaulon)、无盖耳蕨等种类列为丹霞地貌蕨类植物中的优先保护种类, 将通道万佛山三十六湾、湖南沅陵夸父山列为丹霞地貌蕨类植物的优先保护地区。

关键词: 种子捕食, 种子扩散, 植物更新, 协同进化, 互惠关系, 群落演替, 生态系统功能, 生物多样性

The Danxia landform is a unique landscape type with a high level of floral endemism. Herein, we report the fern flora of Danxia landform in Hunan Province. We complete comprehensive surveys of pteridophytes in the Danxia landform areas of Hunan between 2007 and 2010. We report an annotated species checklist in this paper, including 183 species and 66 genera in 31 families. Nine species, including Hypolepis polypodioides, Notholaena hirsuta, Adiantum juxtapositum, Allantodia baishanzuensis, A. succulenta, Asplenium ritoense, Polystichum deltodon var. henryi, P. gymnocarpium, P. simplicipinnum and Ctenitis dingnanensi, are reported as new records to Hunan. The families with more than 10 species include the Dryopteridaceae, Athyriaceae, Polypodiaceae, Thelypteridaceae, Selaginellaceae and Aspleniaceae, and the genera with more than 8 species are Dryopteris, Selaginella, Asplenium, Allantodia and Pteris. This list not only includes calciphilous ferns, but also acidophilous and endemic ferns restricted to the Danxia landform (e.g., A. juxtapositum and P. gymnocarpium). It is hypothesized that the fern flora of the Danxia landform may be an intergradation type between Karst landform and granite landform. Lastly, we provide recommendations for the longterm protection of the floral diversity of the Danxia landform.

Key words: seed predation, seed dispersal, plant regeneration, coevolution, mutualism, community succession, ecosystem function, biodiversity

Chen B(陈彬),Ma KP(马克平)(2007) Digital Photographs Geocode Technology and the Application in Field Investigation. Advances in Biodiversity conservation and Research in China Ⅶ (中国生物多样性保护与研究进展). China Meteorology Press,Beijing,244-251. (in Chinese)
Chen BM(陈宝明),Li J(李静),Peng SL(彭少麟),Fu YF(符以福),Pang JX(庞俊晓),Hou RF(侯荣丰),Peng H(彭华)(2008)Preliminary study on diversity of vegetation community and ecosystem of Danxia landform in south China. Ecology and Environment(生态环境),17(3),1058-1062. (in Chinese)
Corlett RT,Xing FW,Ng SC,Chau LKC,Wong LMY (2000). Hong Kong Vascular Plants: Distribution and Status. Memoirs of the Hong Kong Natural History Society,23,1-157.
He Zuxia(何祖霞),Yan Yuehong(严岳鸿),Ma Qixia(马其侠),Lu Qiyong(陆奇勇)(2012) Studies on the bryophyte diversity in danxia landform of Hunan province. Biodiversity Science (生物多样性). 20 (),xxx-xxx. (in Chinese)
Kong HS(孔宪需),Chu WM(朱维明),He ZR(和兆荣)(2001),Zhang LB(张丽兵). Polystichum. In: Delectis florae reipublicae popularis sinicae agendae academiae sinicae edita (eds) Flora reipublicae popularis Sinicae(中国植物志). Science Press,Beijing. 5(2),146-147. (in Chinese)
Li XQ(李锡泉),Yuan SB(袁锡泉),Yuan ZK(袁正科)(2008) Study on forest vegetation distribution characteristics in Danxia physiognomy of Wanfu Mountain in Tongdao County. Hunan Forestry Science & Technology(湖南林业科技). 35(5): 9-12. (in Chinese)
Lin LG(林来官),Zhang QQ(张清其),Huang YR(黄有儒)(1982) Polystichum. In: The Scientific and Technological Committee of Fujian and editorial board of flora of Fujian (eds). Flora Fukien(福建植物志). Fujian Science and Technology Press,Fuzhou,1,185-189. (in Chinese)
Lin YX(林尤兴)(1990) Adiantaceae. In: Qing RC(秦仁昌),Xing GX(邢公侠)(eds). Flora reipublicae popularis Sinicae. (中国植物志). Science Press,Beijing,3( 1),182. (in Chinese)
Liu SR(刘尚仁) and Liu RH(刘瑞华)(2003) On the Conception of Danxia Landform. Journal of Mountain Research(山地学报),21(6),669 -674. (in Chinese)
Liu WQ(刘蔚秋),Li ZH(李植华),Liu LF(刘兰芳)(1999) A preliminary study on the flora of the tourist landform of Danxiashan,Guangdong,China. Guihaia(广西植物),19(1),15-21. (in Chinese)
Yan YH(严岳鸿),He ZX(何祖霞),Chen HM(陈辉敏),Yuan H(苑虎)(2011) New records of ferns from Jiangxi,China. Guihaia(广西植物),31(1),5-8. (in Chinese)
Zhang CF(张朝芳) (1993) Polystichum. In: Zhang CF(张朝芳),Zhang SY(章绍尧)(eds). Flora of Zhejiang. Zhejiang Science and Technology Press,Hangzhou. 1,218. (in Chinese)
[1] 黄林韬 黄晖 江雷. (2020) 中国造礁石珊瑚分类厘定. 生物多样性, 28(4): 515-523.
[2] 刘海鸥,张风春,赵富伟,杜乐山,薛达元. (2020) 从《生物多样性公约》资金机制战略目标变迁解析生物多样性热点问题. 生物多样性, 28(2): 244-252.
[3] 王剀,任金龙,陈宏满,吕植桐,郭宪光,蒋珂,陈进民,李家堂,郭鹏,王英永,车静. (2020) 中国两栖、爬行动物更新名录. 生物多样性, 28(2): 189-218.
[4] 耿宜佳,田瑜,李俊生,徐靖. (2020) “2020年后全球生物多样性框架”进展及展望. 生物多样性, 28(2): 238-243.
[5] 马亦生,马青青,何念军,朱大鹏,赵凯辉,刘红彩,李帅,孙亮,唐流斌. (2020) 基于红外相机技术调查佛坪国家级自然保护区兽类和鸟类多样性. 生物多样性, 28(2): 226-230.
[6] 王玉冰,孙毅寒,丁威,张恩涛,李文怀,迟永刚,郑淑霞. (2020) 长期氮添加对典型草原植物多样性与初级生产力的影响及途径. 植物生态学报, 44(1): 22-32.
[7] 李熠,唐志尧,闫昱晶,王科,蔡磊,贺金生,古松,姚一建. (2020) 物种分布模型在大型真菌红色名录评估及保护中的应用: 以冬虫夏草为例. 生物多样性, 28(1): 99-106.
[8] 丁威,王玉冰,向官海,迟永刚,鲁顺保,郑淑霞. (2020) 小叶锦鸡儿灌丛化对典型草原群落结构与生态系统功能的影响. 植物生态学报, 44(1): 33-43.
[9] 李永民,吴孝兵. (2019) 安徽省两栖爬行动物名录修订. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1002-1011.
[10] 杨锐,彭钦一,曹越,钟乐,侯姝彧,赵智聪,黄澄. (2019) 中国生物多样性保护的变革性转变及路径. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1032-1040.
[11] 李顺,邹亮,宫一男,杨海涛,王天明,冯利民,葛剑平. (2019) 激光雷达技术在动物生态学领域的研究进展. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[12] 杨云卉, 白可喻, Devra Jarvis, 龙春林. (2019) 西双版纳黄瓜农家品种及其传统知识. 生物多样性, 27(7): 743-748.
[13] 孙蓓蓓, 俞存根, 刘惠, 颜文超, 张文俊, 戴冬旭. (2019) 南麂列岛东侧海域春秋季虾蟹类生物多样性. 生物多样性, 27(7): 787-795.
[14] 丁陆彬, 马楠, 王国萍, 何思源, 闵庆文. (2019) 生物多样性相关传统知识研究热点与前沿的可视化分析. 生物多样性, 27(7): 716-727.
[15] 孔嘉鑫, 张昭臣, 张健. (2019) 基于多源遥感数据的植物物种分类与识别: 研究进展与展望. 生物多样性, 27(7): 796-812.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed