生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 1339-1344.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019345

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

利用红外相机公里网格调查钱江源国家公园的兽类及鸟类多样性

余建平1, 王江月2, 肖慧芸3, 陈小南1, 陈声文1, 李晟2, *(), 申小莉3, *()   

  1. 1 钱江源国家公园管理局, 浙江开化 324300
    2 北京大学生命科学学院, 北京 100871
    3 中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-04 接受日期:2020-01-02 出版日期:2019-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 李晟,申小莉 E-mail:shengli@pku.edu.cn;xlshen@ibcas.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:
    生态环境部生物多样性调查评估项目(2019HJ2096001006);钱江源国家公园兽类资源调查项目

Camera-trapping survey of mammalian and avian biodiversity in Qianjiangyuan National Park, Zhejiang Province

Jianping Yu1, Jiangyue Wang2, Huiyun Xiao3, Xiaonan Chen1, Shengwen Chen1, Sheng Li2, *(), Xiaoli Shen3, *()   

  1. 1 Qianjiangyuan National Park, Kaihua, Zhejiang 324300
    2 School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    3 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
  • Received:2019-11-04 Accepted:2020-01-02 Online:2019-12-20
  • Contact: Li Sheng,Shen Xiaoli E-mail:shengli@pku.edu.cn;xlshen@ibcas.ac.cn

2014年5月至2019年4月, 作者采用红外相机技术调查了浙江省钱江源国家公园的兽类及鸟类多样性。将整个国家公园划分为267个1 km × 1 km的调查网格, 每个网格内设置3个固定调查位点, 使用1台红外相机定期在同一网格内的位点之间进行轮换。其中, 古田山片区在5年内共完成14轮次调查, 古田山以外的区域自2018年7月纳入调查范围, 何田、长虹片区完成2次轮换, 齐溪片区完成1次轮换。在253个网格内的741个有效位点上共获得140,413个相机工作日的数据, 采集兽类和鸟类的照片和视频268,833份, 有效探测数74,368次, 鉴定出21种野生兽类, 72种野生鸟类, 5种家畜及家禽。包括国家一级重点保护野生动物2种, 即黑麂(Muntiacus crinifrons)、白颈长尾雉(Syrmaticus ellioti); 国家二级重点保护野生动物17种, 合计占野生物种总数的20.4%。被IUCN物种红色名录评估为易危(VU)的5种, 近危(NT)的4种, 合计占物种总数的9.7%。被中国脊椎动物红色名录评估为濒危(EN)的1种, 易危(VU)的9种, 近危(NT)的10种, 合计占物种总数的21.5%。相对多度指数最高的大中型兽类为小麂(Muntiacus reevesi), 鸟类为白鹇(Lophura nycthemera)。本次调查获得了国家公园内兽类和鸟类的多样性组成、空间分布和相对多度, 为长期科研监测和科学管理提供了基础数据。

关键词: 钱江源国家公园, 生物多样性编目, 红外相机技术, 野生动物监测, 本底调查

From May 2014 to April 2019, we conducted camera-trapping surveys in the Qianjiangyuan National Park, Zhejiang Province. We divided the park into a grid containing 267 1 km × 1 km plots, with 3 fixed survey stations (> 300 m apart from each other) in each plot. One camera trap was set up in each plot and rotated among the stations within the plot every four months. In the Gutianshan section of the park, the cameras were running for 14 rotations from 2014-2019. The survey started in Hetian, Qixi and Changhong in 2018, and the cameras were rotated once in Qixi and twice in Hetian and Changhong. With a survey effort of 140,413 camera-days from 741 stations in 253 grids, we obtained 268,833 pictures/videos resulting in 74,368 independent detections. The survey recorded 21 wild mammalian and 72 avian species, as well as 5 domestic animal species. Among the species, two (black muntjac Muntiacus crinifrons and Elliot’s pheasant Syrmaticus ellioti) are Class I, and seventeen are Class II national protected animals, accounting for 20.4% of total recorded wild species. Five species are red-listed by the IUCN as Vulnerable and four as Near Threatened, accounting for 9.7% of the total recorded wild species. One species is red-listed as Endangered, nine as Vulnerable and ten as Near Threatened by Red list of China’s vertebrates, accounting for 21.5% of the total recorded wild species. The most detected mammal species was Reeve’s muntjac Muntiacus reevesi, and the most detected bird species was silver pheasant Lophura nycthemera. Our results provide reliable baseline information on the species composition, their spatial distribution, and relative abundance of mammals and birds in the Qianjiangyuan National Park.

Key words: Qianjiangyuan National Park, biodiversity inventory, camera-trapping, wildlife monitoring, baseline survey

图1

钱江源国家公园2014-2019年红外相机调查公里网格与相机位点"

图2

钱江源国家公园红外相机调查记录物种数随相机日增加的累积曲线。a: 兽类; b: 鸟类。"

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