生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 231-237.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019273

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

钱江源国家公园叶附生苔类植物的物种多样性

白杨1, 陈声文2, 钱海源2, 余顺海2, 徐谊明2, 张芷昕1, 沈超1, 陈雨奇1, 张美琪1, 余建平2, *(), 朱瑞良1, 3, *()   

  1. 1 华东师范大学生命科学学院, 上海 200241
    2 钱江源国家公园管理局, 浙江开化 324300
    3 浙江天童森林生态系统国家野外科学观测研究站, 上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-02 接受日期:2020-01-14 出版日期:2020-02-20
  • 通讯作者: 余建平,朱瑞良 E-mail:1125142830@qq.com;rlzhu@bio.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金项目:
    国家自然科学基金(31970215)

Species diversity of epiphyllous liverworts in Qianjiangyuan National Park, Zhejiang

Yang Bai1, Shengwen Chen2, Haiyuan Qian2, Shunhai Yu2, Yiming Xu2, Zhixin Zhang1, Chao Shen1, Yuqi Chen1, Meiqi Zhang1, Jianping Yu2, *(), Ruiliang Zhu1, 3, *()   

  1. 1 School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241
    2 Qianjiangyuan National Park, Kaihua, Zhejiang 324300
    3 Tiantong National Station for Forest Ecosystem Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241
  • Received:2019-09-02 Accepted:2020-01-14 Online:2020-02-20
  • Contact: Jianping Yu,Ruiliang Zhu E-mail:1125142830@qq.com;rlzhu@bio.ecnu.edu.cn

本文报道钱江源国家公园叶附生苔类植物4科9属19种, 较之前记录增加3科8属17种。与钱江源处于同纬度的我国其他地区相比, 钱江源叶附生苔类植物的种数仅次于西藏墨脱, 排名第二。鳞叶疣鳞苔(Cololejeunea longifolia)和尖叶薄鳞苔(Leptolejeunea subacuta)是钱江源国家公园最常见的2种叶附生苔类植物。丰富的叶附生苔类植物表明钱江源国家公园具有较合适的叶附生苔类植物生长环境, 这可能与该地区长期有效的保护密切相关。

关键词: 苔藓植物, 气候变暖, 黄山-怀玉山, 北纬29度, 叶附生苔

Nineteen species, belonging to nine genera in four families, of epiphyllous liverworts from Qianjiangyuan National Park are reported. Among them, 17 species belonging to eight genera in three families are newly reported. Compared with other areas of China with the same latitude, the number of species in Qiangjiangyuan National Park is the second only to Motuo of Xizang (Tibet). Cololejeunea longifolia and Leptolejeunea subacuta are most common species. The rich diversity of species indicates that the environment of Qianjiangyuan National Park is suitable for the growth of epiphyllous liverworts, which may be due to the long-term effective protection of the area.

Key words: bryophyte, climate warming, Huangshan-Huaiyushan, 29 degrees north latitude, epiphyllous liverwort

表1

钱江源国家公园叶附生苔在其他同纬度地区的分布"

物种
Species
浙江钱江源
Qianjiangyuan, Zhejiang
西藏墨脱
Motuo,
Xizang
安徽南部
Southern Anhui
江西官山
Guanshan,
Jiangxi
江西九岭
幕阜山
Jiulingmufu- shan, Jiangxi
湖南张家界
Zhangjiajie,
Hunan
湖北后河
Houhe,
Hubei
浙江西天目山
West Tianmushan,
Zhejiang
浙江九龙山
Jiulongshan,
Zhejiang
粗茎唇鳞苔Cheilolejeunea trapezia + + + + + +
白边疣鳞苔Cololejeunea inflata + + + +
鳞叶疣鳞苔Cololejeunea longifolia + + + + + +
距齿疣鳞苔Cololejeunea macounii +
粗疣鳞苔 Cololejeunea peraffinis + +
粗齿疣鳞苔Cololejeunea planissima + + + + +
刺疣鳞苔 Cololejeunea spinosa + + + +
短肋疣鳞苔Cololejeunea subfloccosa +
疣瓣疣鳞苔Cololejeunea subkodamae +
单体疣鳞苔Cololejeunea trichomanis + +
丛生角鳞苔Drepanolejeunea commutata +
日本角鳞苔Drepanolejeunea erecta +
列胞耳叶苔Frullania moniliata + + +
日本细鳞苔Lejeunea japonica +
尖叶薄鳞苔Leptolejeunea subacuta + + + + + + + +
平叉苔 Metzgeria conjugata + + +
斑叶纤鳞苔Microlejeunea punctiformis + + + + + +
疏叶纤鳞苔Microlejeunea ulicina +
尖舌扁萼苔
Radula acuminata
+ + + + +

图1

鳞叶疣鳞苔。A和B: 生境; C和D: 植物体的一部分(C, 具有无数的芽胞, 背面观; D, 腹面观)。A和C摄自朱瑞良等20190413-75, B和D摄自朱瑞良等20190413-92。"

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