生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 189-218.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019238

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国两栖、爬行动物更新名录

王剀1,2,*(),任金龙3,陈宏满1,吕植桐4,郭宪光3,蒋珂3,陈进民1,李家堂3,郭鹏5,王英永4,车静1,*()   

  1. 1 中国科学院昆明动物研究所遗传资源与进化国家重点实验室, 昆明 650223
    2 Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History & Department of Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman 73072, USA
    3 中国科学院成都生物研究所, 成都 610041
    4 中山大学生命科学学院, 广州 510275
    5 宜宾学院生命科学与食品工程学院, 四川宜宾 644000
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-28 接受日期:2019-12-11 出版日期:2020-02-20 发布日期:2020-03-27
  • 通讯作者: 王剀,车静
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项A(XDA19050303);中国生物多样性监测与研究网络项目(Sino BON);中国西南野生生物种质资源库——动物分库(国家重大科技基础设施专项);中美人才合作交流计划(EAPSI 1714006)

The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China

Wang Kai1,2,*(),Ren Jinlong3,Chen Hongman1,Lyu Zhitong4,Guo Xianguang3,Jiang Ke3,Chen Jinmin1,Li Jiatang3,Guo Peng5,Wang Yingyong4,Che Jing1,*()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China
    2 Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History & Department of Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman 73072, USA
    3 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
    4 School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    5 Department of Life Sciences and Food Engineering, Yibin University, Yibin, Sichuan 644000, China
  • Received:2019-07-28 Accepted:2019-12-11 Online:2020-02-20 Published:2020-03-27
  • Contact: Wang Kai,Che Jing

摘要:

本文在2015年发表的爬行动物名录及同年《中国两栖类信息系统》发布的两栖动物名录的基础上, 通过整理新发表的分类学研究及先前名录遗漏的部分早期文献, 更新了截至2019年底中国现生本土两栖、爬行动物物种名录。2015-2019年间, 中国两栖动物新记录1科, 新描述2属, 恢复1属有效性, 新记录1属, 新描述或恢复有效种74种, 新增国家纪录18种; 另6属、8种的有效性未得到近年研究证据支持(在此视为次定同物异名而未做收录, 后同)。同期, 中国爬行动物新恢复5科, 新描述1亚科, 新描述1属, 恢复3属有效性, 新记录3属, 新描述、恢复或提升有效种43个, 新增国家纪录10种; 另有5属、4种的有效性未得到近年研究证据支持, 并移除1属、4种在我国的分布纪录。此外, 通过整理2015年前文献, 爬行动物增补3属, 提升3亚种至种级地位, 增补国家新纪录3种, 另有3属、2种的有效性未得到近年研究证据支持, 同时移除1种在我国的分布纪录。综上, 截至2019年底, 我国共记录现生本土两栖动物3目13科62属515种(蚓螈目1科1属1种, 有尾目3科14属82种, 无尾目9科47属431种), 爬行动物3目35科135属511种(鳄形目1科1属1种, 龟鳖目6科18属34种, 有鳞目蛇亚目18科73属265种、蜥蜴亚目10科43属211种)。此外, 本文还对先前名录中部分爬行动物的中文名提出了修改建议, 建议恢复部分物种的惯用中文名。2015-2019年, 新物种及新纪录已知物种数量占现两栖、爬行动物物种总数的17.1%和10.2%。近年来, 我国发表的两栖、爬行动物新物种和已知物种的新纪录数量持续增加, 分类体系也在研究中不断完善, 建议今后及时地进行阶段性总结, 同时对存在的问题提出讨论, 以推动中国两栖、爬行动物分类学研究工作的进一步开展。

关键词: 两栖动物, 爬行动物, 生物多样性, 新物种, 名录, 分类学, 分类变动

Abstract:

We updated the checklists of extant, native amphibians and reptiles of China based on the previously published checklist of reptiles in 2015, the online checklist of amphibians on the database AmphibiaChina, newly published data as of December 2019, and previously uncollected literature prior to 2015. In total, the amphibian fauna of China consists of 515 species in 62 genera, 13 families, and three orders (Anura: 431 species in 47 genera and nine families; Caudata: 82 species in 14 genera and four families; Gymnophiona: one species in one genus and one family), while the reptilian fauna of China consists of 511 species in 135 genera, 35 families, and three orders (Crocodylia: one species in one genus and one family; Testudines: 34 species in 18 genera and six families; Squamata 466 species in 116 genera and 28 families [Serpentes: 256 species in 73 genera, 18 families; Lacertilia: 211 species in 43 genera and 10 families]). Specifically, for amphibians between 2015 and 2019, one family was recorded from China for the first time, two new genera were described, a genus was resurrected, a genus was recorded from China for the first time, 74 new, valid species were either described or resurrected, 18 recognized species were recorded from China for the first time, and six genera and eight species were considered as junior synonyms. For reptiles between 2015 and 2019, five subfamilies were elevated to the full family status, one new subfamily and a new genus were described, three genera were resurrected, three recognized genera were recorded from China for the first time, 35 new species were described, two species were resurrected from synonyms, six subspecies were elevated to the full species status, 10 recognized species were recorded from China for the first time, four genera and four species were considered as junior synonyms, and distribution records of one genus and four recognized species were removed from China. Furthermore, by reviewing literature before 2015, we make additional changes on the previous reptile checklist, including adding new records of three genera, elevating three subspecies to full species status, adding new records of three recognized species, synonymizing three genera and two species as junior synonyms, and removing the distribution record of a single recognized species from China. Lastly, we revise the Chinese common names of some reptilian groups with recomandations to maintain the stability of the Chinese common names. The number of new species and new national records for amphibians and reptiles between 2015 and 2019 in China accounts for 17.1% and 10.2% of the total number of species in each group, respectively. Because new species are described at considerable speed and given the constant changes in the taxonomy of China’s herpetofuna, it is crucial to update the checklists regularly and discuss the existing taxonomic problems, so that such information reflects the most current state of knowledge and are available for taxonomic researchers and conservation biologists alike.

Key words: amphibians, biodiversity, fauna checklist, reptiles, new species, taxonomy, taxonomic revisions