生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (10): 1147-1152.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019220

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

贵州赤水桫椤国家级自然保护区鸟兽多样性红外相机初步监测

王丞1, 周大庆2, 梁盛3, 粟海军1, 胡灿实4, *(), 张明明1, *()   

  1. 1 贵州大学林学院, 贵州大学生物多样性与自然保护研究中心, 贵阳 550025
    2 生态环境部南京环境科学研究所, 南京 210042
    3 贵州赤水桫椤国家级自然保护区管理局, 贵州赤水 564700
    4 贵州大学生命科学学院, 山地植物资源保护与种质创新教育部重点实验室, 贵阳 550025
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-07 接受日期:2019-09-29 出版日期:2019-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 胡灿实,张明明 E-mail:cshu@gzu.edu.cn;zmm.2005@163.com
  • 基金项目:
    贵大人基合字(2017)57号;贵州赤水桫椤国家级自然保护区哺乳动物多样性监测项目(环境保护部——生物多样性保护专项);生态环境部生物多样性保护专项(MM-2016-029);生态环境部生物多样性保护专项(MM-2016-029);贵州省科技计划项目(黔科合支撑[2019]2842号)

Camera-trapping survey on mammals and birds in Guizhou Chishui Alsophila National Nature Reserve

Wang Cheng1, Zhou Daqing2, Liang Sheng3, Su Haijun1, Hu Canshi4, *(), Zhang Mingming1, *()   

  1. 1 College of Forestry, Guizhou University, Research Center for Biodiversity and Nature Conservation of Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025
    2 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Nanjing 210042
    3 Administration Bureau of Chishui Alsophila National Nature Reserve, Chishui, Guizhou 564700
    4 College of Life Science, Guizhou University, the Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Germplasm Innovation in Mountainous Region (Ministry of Education), Guiyang 550025
  • Received:2019-07-07 Accepted:2019-09-29 Online:2019-10-20
  • Contact: Hu Canshi,Zhang Mingming E-mail:cshu@gzu.edu.cn;zmm.2005@163.com

红外相机监测是了解野生动物多样性和威胁因素的重要手段。本研究采用网格法和分层抽样调查法, 在贵州赤水桫椤国家级自然保护区内选取20个监测位点布设红外相机, 对区内鸟兽物种多样性进行监测。2015年8月至2017年8月, 红外相机累计工作6,370个工作日, 共拍摄45,953张照片, 独立有效照片1,936张。准确鉴定出兽类4目8科19种, 鸟类4目11科28种, 其中, 国家II级重点保护野生动物7种。相对丰富度指数(RAI)排前五位的兽类依次是毛冠鹿(Elaphodus cephalophus)、鼬獾(Melogale moschata)、藏酋猴(Macaca thibetana)、小麂(Muntiacus reevesi)和野猪(Sus scrofa); 鸟类依次是紫啸鸫(Myophonus caeruleus)、红腹角雉(Tragopan temminckii)、灰胸竹鸡(Bambusicola thoracicus)、黑喉噪鹛(Garrulax chinensis)和棕颈钩嘴鹛(Pomatorhinus ruficollis)。物种积累曲线结果表明, 兽类稀疏化曲线在300天后趋于稳定, 表明监测取样已较充分, 而鸟类监测物种数随时间积累依旧保持增长趋势。

关键词: 物种多样性, 赤水保护区, 红外相机, 物种积累曲线

Camera-trapping provides an excellent tool for biodiversity and wildlife protection research. In this study, mammals and birds in Chishui Alsophila National Nature Reserve were monitored using 20 gridded camera traps. A total of 1,936 independent images (out of 45,953 recognizable images) were collected with an extensive survey effort of 6,370 camera-days during August 2015 to August 2017. We identified 19 mammal species and 28 bird species, of which 7 species were second-class National Protected Wildlife in China. The relative abundance index (RAI: number of records per trap effort) is widely used to assess the regional species abundance. The five most abundant mammal species with highest RAIs in Chishui Alsophila National Nature Reserve were Elaphodus cephalophus, Melogale moschata, Macaca thibetana, Muntiacus reevesi, Sus scrofa, and the five most abundant bird species with highest RAIs were Myophonus caeruleus, Tragopan temminckii, Bambusicola thoracicus, Garrulax chinensis, Pomatorhinus ruficollis. Rarefaction and species accumulation curves suggest that mammal sampling asymptotes around 300 days, suggesting monitoring efforts were sufficient although bird species continued to grow over time. The results of this extensive survey provide a comprehensive diversity study of mammals and birds in Chishui Alsophila National Nature Reserve and may provide primary baseline data for biodiversity management resources.

Key words: diversity of species, Chishui Alsophila National Nature Reserve, camera trapping, species accumulation curves

图1

贵州省赤水桫椤国家级自然保护区红外相机布设位点"

图2

鸟兽物种积累曲线"

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