生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (7): 716-727.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019130

• 生物多样性相关传统知识专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

生物多样性相关传统知识研究热点与前沿的可视化分析

丁陆彬1, 2, 马楠1, 2, 王国萍1, 2, 何思源1, *(), 闵庆文1, 2, *()   

  1. 1 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
    2 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-12 接受日期:2019-05-31 出版日期:2019-07-20
  • 通讯作者: 何思源,闵庆文 E-mail:hesy@igsnrr.ac.cn;minqw@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:
    国家重点研发计划(2017YFC0506404)

Visual analysis of hotspots and emerging trends in traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity

Ding Lubin1, 2, Ma Nan1, 2, Wang Guoping1, 2, He Siyuan1, *(), Min Qingwen1, 2, *()   

  1. 1 Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2019-04-12 Accepted:2019-05-31 Online:2019-07-20
  • Contact: He Siyuan,Min Qingwen E-mail:hesy@igsnrr.ac.cn;minqw@igsnrr.ac.cn

传统知识研究目前已经成为生物多样性保护研究的热点领域, 并对生态系统服务管理、社区可持续发展等领域产生了重要影响。本文以Web of Science (WoS)数据库为数据源, 应用WoS自带的统计分析功能和可视化分析软件CiteSpace III, 采用关键词共现分析、突现词分析、文献共被引分析等方法对传统知识的研究态势、研究热点以及知识演进进行系统分析。研究发现, 传统知识研究的文献数量呈逐年上升趋势; 中国科学院、墨西哥国立自治大学、印度农业研究理事会、加州大学系统等研究机构在该领域表现出较强的科研实力; 非洲、南美洲的巴西、玻利维亚以及亚洲的印度等地区为传统知识研究的热点区域; Albuquerque UP、Singh R、薛达元在该领域发表的学术论文最多; Berkes F、Drew JA、Gómez-Baggethun E等学者发表的论文为该领域知识基础的构建及相关研究的推进奠定了坚实的基础。与生物资源管理、生物多样性保护、生态系统服务和人类福祉、政策管理等相关的传统知识研究是未来该领域的重要方向。

关键词: 传统知识, 生物多样性, CitsSpace, 研究前沿, 可视化分析

Research on traditional knowledge has become increasingly more popular for biodiversity conservation research, as it has a great impact on a wide range of fields such as biological resource management, ecosystem services, community sustainable development and more. In order to understand how research on traditional knowledge is changing, this paper uses Web of Science (WoS) and applies WoS’s statistical analysis function and visualization analysis software CiteSpace III to search for key co-occurrence analysis, emergent word analysis, literature co-citation analysis, and other methods to understand research hotspots and evolution of traditional knowledge research systematically. The number of research papers on traditional knowledge research is increasing yearly. Research institutions such as the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, the Indian Council for Agricultural Research and the University of California system have shown strong scientific research strength; Africa, Brazil, Bolivia and India are hotspots for traditional knowledge research. We found that Albuquerque UP, Singh R and Xue DY have published a substantial quantity of academic papers in this field. Additionally, papers published by Berkes F, Drew JA, Gómez-Baggethun E and other scholars have laid a solid foundation for this field and the promotion of related research. Studies on traditional knowledge related to biological resource management, biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services, and policy management represent important directions in this field in the future.

Key words: traditional knowledge, biodiversity, CiteSpace, hotspots, visual analysis

图1

1992-2018年生物多样性相关传统知识研究文献出版数量时间分布图"

表1

1992-2018年传统知识论文中被引频次前十位的论文"

序号
No.
题目
Title
第一作者
First author
期刊
Journal
发表时间 Publication
time
被引频次
Citation
frequency
1 Rediscovery of traditional ecological knowledge as adaptive management Berkes F Ecological Applications 2000 1,382
2 Rethinking community-based conservation Berkes F Conservation Biology 2004 758
3 Indigenous knowledge for biodiversity conservation Gadgil M Ambio 1993 519
4 The IPBES conceptual framework—connecting nature and people Diaz S Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2015 423
5 Medicinal plants in Mexico: Healers’ consensus and cultural importance Heinrich M Social Science & Medicine 1998 349
6 Beyond reserves: A research agenda for conserving biodiversity in human-modified tropical landscapes Robin LC Biotropica 2009 258
7 Traditional medicine in Turkey. V. Folk medicine in the inner Taurus Mountains Yesilada E Journal of Ethnopharmacology 1995 242
8 Medicinal plants of the caatinga (semi-arid) vegetation of NE Brazil: A quantitative approach De Albuquerque UP Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2007 237
9 Introduced plants in the indigenous pharmacopoeia of northern south America Bennett BC Economic Botany 2000 237
10 The useful plants of Tambopata, Peru. II. Additional hypothesis-testing in quantitative ethnobotany Phillips O Economic Botany 1993 237

表2

1992-2018年中文、全数据库论文发表量前十位的作者"

序号
No.
作者
Author
发表论文数量(篇) Number of papers 占总论文的百分比 Percentage of all papers (%) 序号
No.
作者
Author
发表论文数量(篇) Number of papers 占总论文的百分比 Percentage of all papers (%)
1 薛达元 Xue DY 22 0.775 1 Albuquerque UP 26 0.898
2 武建勇 Wu JY 11 0.387 2 Singh R 24 0.829
3 赵富伟 Zhao FW 10 0.352 3 Xue DY 22 0.726
4 龙春林 Long CL 7 0.246 4 Bussmann R 20 0.691
5 成功 Cheng G 6 0.211 5 Singh RK 20 0.691
6 戴陆园 Dai LY 4 0.141 6 Hanazaki N 18 0.622
7 徐福荣 Xu FR 4 0.141 7 Balslev H 17 0.587
8 阿新祥 A XX 3 0.106 8 Heinrich M 17 0.587
9 戴蓉 Dai R 3 0.106 9 Pieroni A 16 0.553
10 郭泺 Guo L 3 0.106 10 Reyes-Garcia V 16 0.553

表3

中、英文论文发表量前十位的期刊及其影响因子"

序号 No. 期刊
Journal
中文论文数量
Records of Chinese
papers
占总论文的
百分比
Percentage of all records (%)
影响因子
Impact factor (2018)
序号
No.
期刊
Journal
英文论文数量
Records of English
papers
占总论文的
百分比
Percentage of
all records (%)
影响因子
Impact factor (2017)
1 生物多样性
Biodiversity Science
15 0.518 1.565 1 Journal of Ethnopharmacology 204 7.049 3.115
2 山地科学学报
Journal of Mountain Science
7 0.242 0.425 2 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 157 5.425 1.061
3 植物遗传资源学报
Journal of Plant Genetic Resources
7 0.242 1.209 3 Economic Botany 152 5.252 1.500
4 西南农业学报
Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences
6 0.207 0.654 4 Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 96 3.317 2.181
5 资源与生态学报
Journal of Resources and Ecology
6 0.207 0.462 5 Biodiversity and Conservation 63 2.177 2.828
6 资源科学
Resources Science
5 0.173 2.658 6 Human Ecology 59 2.039 1.642
7 广西植物 Guihaia 4 0.138 0.607 7 Ecology and Society 49 1.693 3.256
8 林业研究
Journal of Forestry Research
4 0.138 0.374 8 Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 43 1.486 1.130
9 生态学报
Acta Ecologica Sinica
4 0.138 2.391 9 Conservation Biology 36 1.244 5.890
10 生态与农村环境学报
Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment
4 0.138 1.247 10 Environmental Management 35 1.209 2.177

图2

传统知识研究中的突现词"

图3

1992-2018年传统知识前沿时间序列图"

表4

传统知识研究中的高频词汇及其中心性"

关键词
Keyword
频率
Frequency
中心性
Centrality
年份
Year
关键词
Keyword
频率
Frequency
中心性
Centrality
年份
Year
biodiversity 395 0.11 1996 protected area 42 0.1 1996
conservation 294 0.06 1996 sustainability 39 0.05 2002
management 200 0.32 1996 policy 37 0.05 2001
traditional knowledge 172 0.12 2000 India 36 0.09 2000
traditional ecological knowledge 152 0.11 2000 resilience 34 0.06 2000
ethnobotany 118 0.05 2004 Brazil 30 0.07 2002
medicinal plant 108 0.09 2000 resource 30 0.1 2001
community 80 0.24 1996 land use 28 0.05 1997
forest 77 0.09 1996 resource management 23 0.08 2004
ecosystem service 55 0.04 2004 classification 22 0.03 2004
climate change 54 0 1996 perception 21 0.01 2010
landscape 51 0.02 2004 Africa 20 0.01 2000

表5

传统知识研究领域知识演进的关键文献"

文献
Literature
第一作者
First author
期刊
Journal
共引频次
Co-citation
frequency
中心性
Centrality
出版年
Publication time
Rediscovery of traditional ecological knowledge as adaptive management Berkes F Ecological Applications 28 0.36 2000
Use of traditional ecological knowledge in marine conservation Drew JA Conservation Biology 24 0.36 2005
Rethinking community-based conservation Berkes F Conservation Biology 20 0.36 2004
“It’s so different today”: Climate change and indigenous lifeways in British Columbia, Canada Turner NJ Global Environmental Change 10 0.29 2009
Community-based conservation in a globalized world Berkes F PNAS 12 0.22 2007
Australian approaches for managing ‘country’ using indigenous and non-indigenous knowledge Ens EJ Ecological Management & Restoration 9 0.17 2012
Traditional ecological knowledge trends in the transition to a market economy: Empirical study in the Do?ana Natural Areas Gómez-
Baggethun E
Conservation Biology 21 0.14 2010
Using traditional ecological knowledge in science: Methods
and applications
Huntington HP Ecological Applications 10 0.13 2000
Who knows? On the importance of identifying “Experts” when researching local ecological knowledge Davis A Human Ecology 9 0.13 2003
Connecting diverse knowledge systems for enhanced ecosystem governance: The multiple evidence base approach Teng? M Ambio 32 0.11 2014
Traditional ecological knowledge and global environmental change: Research findings and policy implications Gómez-
Baggethun E
Ecology and Society 10 0.09 2013
Integrating local and scientific knowledge for environmental management Raymond CM Journal of Environmental Management 19 0.07 2010
Defining biocultural approaches to conservation Gavin MC Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11 0.06 2015
Listen to the voices of experience Turnhout E Nature 10 0.04 2012
Traditional ecological knowledge and community resilience to environmental extremes: A case study in Do?ana, SW Spain Gómez-
Baggethun E
Global Environmental Change 14 0.03 2012

图4

被引文献共现图谱"

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