生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (8): 867-873.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019048

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大小兴安岭地区伞菌和牛肝菌类区系

图力古尔(),王雪珊,张鹏   

  1. 吉林农业大学食用菌教育部工程研究中心, 长春 130118
  • 收稿日期:2019-02-25 接受日期:2019-05-22 出版日期:2019-08-20 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 图力古尔
  • 基金资助:
    科技部科技基础性工作专项(2014FY210400);教育部“长江学者和创新团队发展计划(IRT 1134);教育部“长江学者和创新团队发展计划(IRT 15R25)

Floristic of agarics and boletus in the Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains

Tolgor Bau(),Xueshan Wang,Peng Zhang   

  1. Engineering Research Center of Chinese Ministry of Education for Edible and Medicinal Fungi, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118
  • Received:2019-02-25 Accepted:2019-05-22 Online:2019-08-20 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: Bau Tolgor

摘要:

2014-2016年间, 对大小兴安岭地区伞菌和牛肝菌类的物种多样性和区系组成等进行了研究。对野外采集的3,363份标本整理鉴定, 共鉴定出661种(包括变种), 隶属于1门4纲18目61科180属。其中食用菌185种, 药用菌92种, 有毒菌110种。区系组成上, 含有10种及以上的优势科有16科, 共计519种, 占大小兴安岭地区伞菌和牛肝菌类总科数的27.87%, 总种数的78.51%。含有10种以下的共有45科, 而种数仅为142种, 占总种数的21.48%, 在本区系中为从属地位。含有5种及以上的优势属有29个, 占总属数的16.11%, 共计412种, 占总种数的62.33%。物种的地理区系组成上主要以北温带分布种、世界广布种和欧亚大陆分布种为主, 其中北温带分布种216种, 占大小兴安岭地区大型真菌总种数的32.68%; 世界广布种167种, 所占比例为25.26%; 欧亚大陆分布种161种, 所占比例为24.36%。

关键词: 伞菌和牛肝菌类, 物种多样性, 区系组成, 优势科, 分布型

Abstract:

The species diversity and geographical component of Agarics and Boletus in the Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains were studied from 2014 to 2016. A total of 3,363 fungal specimens were collected and identified into 661 species belonging to 1 phylum, 4 classes, 18 orders, 61 families and 180 genera. Among them, 185 species were edible, 92 species were medicinal, and 110 species were poisonous. There were 16 dominant families (containing equal and more than 10 species), accounting for 27.87% of the total number of families, and 519 species accounting for 78.51% of the total number of all Agarics and Boletus species. There were 45 families(containing less than 10 species), with 142 species accounting for 21.48% of the total number of species. There were 29 dominant genera which contain equal and more than 5 species, accounting for 16.11% of the total number of genera, and 412 species accounting for 62.33% of the total number of species. In the respect of the floristic composition, this region was mainly composed of the species belonging to north temperate zone distribution, world-wide distribution and Eurasia continent distribution. Among them, 216 species were only distributed in the north temperate zone occupying 32.68% of all species, 167 species were world-wide distribution occupying 25.26% of all species, and 161 species were only distributed in the Eurasia continent occupying 24.36% of all species in the Greater and Lesser Khinggan mountains.

Key words: Agarics and Boletus species, species diversity, floristic, dominant family, distribution type