生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 128-136.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019046

• 中国国家公园建设专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

以国家公园为主体的自然保护地体系立法思考

吕忠梅()   

  1. 清华大学法学院, 北京 100811
  • 出版日期:2019-02-20 发布日期:2019-04-08
  • 通讯作者: 吕忠梅
  • 基金资助:
    “腾讯-清华法学院环境法研究与学人培养计划基金”——《自然保护地立法研究》

Systematic legislation for nature conservation with national parks as the main body

Lü Zhongmei()   

  1. School of Law, Tshinghua University, Beijing 100811
  • Online:2019-02-20 Published:2019-04-08
  • Contact: Lü Zhongmei

摘要:

实现十九大报告提出的建立以国家公园为主体的自然保护地体系的改革目标需要法治保障。建设自然保护地体系涉及的不同生态系统和多个管理部门、多方利益主体, 是一个巨大的复杂系统, 需要进行整体性、系统性的立法研究。目前, 国家正在推进国家公园体制改革并已将《国家公园法》列入十三届全国人大常委会立法计划。更需要我们从自然保护地立法体系建设的高度, 正确处理《国家公园法》与未来可能制定的《自然保护地法》的关系, 在《国家公园法》制定过程中为今后出台《自然保护地法》预留空间, 并建立相应的衔接机制, 统筹谋划并协同推进国家公园法与自然保护地立法。

关键词: 自然保护地, 国家公园, 自然保护地法, 国家公园法

Abstract:

The rule-of-law is necessary to achieve reform goals of establishing a protected area system with national parks as the main body, which was proposed in the Report of the Nineteenth CPC National Congress. The establishment of the protected area system involves various ecosystems, administrative agencies, and stakeholders. It is a very complicated process requiring holistic and systematic legislative research. Currently in China, the State is promoting a reform of the national park system and has listed the National Park Law in the legislative plan of the thirteenth National People’s Congress. It is necessary to correctly manage the relationship between the National Park Law and a possible future law of protected areas. Systematic legislation and legislative space for the Law of Protected Areas within the National Park Law are required to establish a connecting mechanism and to coordinate and promote in a concerted manner the National Park Law and the Law of Protected Areas.

Key words: nature conservation land, national parks, Law of Protected Areas, National Park Law