生物多样性 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (10): 1083-1090.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2018102

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我国东北森林土壤动物生态学研究现状与展望

殷秀琴1,2,3,*(), 陶岩2, 王海霞2, 马辰2, 寇新昌2, 许还2, 崔东1   

  1. 1 (伊犁师范学院生物与地理科学学院, 新疆伊宁 835000)
    2 (东北师范大学地理科学学院, 长春 130024)
    3 (吉林省动物资源保护与利用重点实验室, 长春 130024);
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-08 接受日期:2018-07-11 出版日期:2018-10-20 发布日期:2019-01-06
  • 通讯作者: 殷秀琴
  • 作者简介:# 共同第一作者
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41471211)

Forest soil fauna ecology in Northeast China: Review and prospect

Xiuqin Yin1,2,3,*(), Yan Tao2, Haixia Wang2, Chen Ma2, Xinchang Kou2, Huan Xu2, Dong Cui1   

  1. 1 College of Biology and Geography, Yili Normal University, Yining, Xinjiang 835000
    2 School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024
    3 Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Resource Conservation and Utilization, Changchun 130024
  • Received:2018-04-08 Accepted:2018-07-11 Online:2018-10-20 Published:2019-01-06
  • Contact: Yin Xiuqin
  • About author:# Co-first authors

摘要:

土壤动物在生态系统养分循环和能量流动中起到重要的作用。近年来土壤动物生态学研究已成为当前生态学研究的热点与前沿领域。土壤动物生态学研究在国际上已有60多年的历史, 但在我国真正意义上的土壤动物生态学研究起始于20世纪70年代末东北长白山的研究。本文概述了东北森林土壤动物生态学研究的三个阶段, 并重点从以下方面总结了近10年的研究现状与进展: 土壤动物分布格局及多样性、土壤动物对环境因子的响应、土壤动物在生态系统中的功能作用研究。本文可为进一步拓展东北森林土壤动物生态学研究并为我国其他地区深入开展土壤动物生态学研究提供参考。未来东北森林土壤动物生态学研究应该关注: 土壤动物与微生物交互作用、土壤动物对全球变化的响应、地上与地下生态系统的交互作用以及分子生物学技术在土壤生物研究中的应用。

关键词: 土壤动物, 分布格局及多样性, 环境因子响应, 功能作用, 东北森林

Abstract:

Soil fauna have a crucial influence on nutrient cycles and energy flows in ecosystems. In recent years, soil fauna ecology has become a hot topic and frontier in ecology, though it has been studied for more than 60 years at the international level. By contrast, in China, it wasn’t until the late 1970s that significant soil fauna ecology studies were performed in the Changbai Mountains. This article summarizes the three periods of soil fauna ecological studies in the forests of northeastern China and reviews the progress made in research in the last decade. Studies from the last decade can be divided into three categories: distribution patterns and diversity, responses to environmental factors, and ecological function. This article provides a reference for further development of soil fauna ecology in the forests of northeastern and other areas of China. Future investigations of soil fauna ecology in the forest of northeastern China should focus on the interaction between soil fauna and microbiota, the responses of soil fauna to global changes, the interaction between aboveground and underground ecosystems, and the application of molecular biology technology in soil biological research.

Key words: soil fauna, distribution patterns and diversity, responses to environmental factors, ecological function, forests of northeastern China