生物多样性 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (11): 1176-1181.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017236

• 《生物多样性公约》履约专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

重视女性在生物多样性保护中的作用

刘海鸥1, 2, 陈海君2, 刘蕾2, 晏薇2, 薛达元1, *()   

  1. 1 中央民族大学生命与环境科学学院, 北京 100081
    2 环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心全球环境基金/绿色气候基金项目执行办公室, 北京 100035;
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-01 接受日期:2017-11-16 出版日期:2017-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 薛达元 E-mail:xuedayuan@hotmail.com
  • 基金项目:
    中央民族大学高等学校学科创新引智计划(B08044)

Incorporating gender equality into biodiversity conservation

Haiou Liu1, 2, Haijun Chen2, Lei Liu2, Wei Yan2, Dayuan Xue1, *()   

  1. 1 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
    2 GEF/GCF Implementation Office, Foreign Economic Cooperation Office, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100035
  • Received:2017-09-01 Accepted:2017-11-16 Online:2017-11-20
  • Contact: Xue Dayuan E-mail:xuedayuan@hotmail.com

中国是生物多样性大国, 也是高度重视性别平等的国家之一, 在履行《生物多样性公约》和世界性别平等舞台上均扮演着重要角色。但目前中国在生物多样性保护中的性别主流化方面仍进展较慢, 这与其在推进生物多样性保护方面发挥的积极作用不相匹配。为此, 本文通过梳理生物多样性与性别的特别关系, 探讨了生物多样性保护中性别概念的产生和演化过程, 分析了国际组织、多边基金和一些国家在生物多样性保护中性别主流化方面的研究成果和工作进展, 进而提出加强性别与生物多样性问题的研究、相关机构能力的建设、性别与生物多样性的政策导入以及国内生物多样性项目的管理等建议, 以期为中国在未来生物多样性与性别领域开展工作、国家履约和参与《生物多样性公约》国际谈判提供参考。

关键词: 生物多样性, 生物多样性公约, 性别平等, 性别主流化

China is rich in biological diversity resources and attaches great importance to gender equality as a country. China plays an important role in the worldwide realm of the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and gender equality. However, gender mainstreaming in biodiversity conservation in China is still in its early stages, and does not match with positive roles promoting biodiversity conservation and gender equality nationally. Therefore, we analyze the special relationship between biodiversity and gender, discuss the generation and evolution of the concept of gender in biodiversity conservation, and summarize the progress of international organizations, multilateral funds and frontrunner nations regarding gender mainstreaming in biodiversity conservation. We put forward suggestions, including strengthening research on gender and biodiversity issues, enhancing capacity-building of related agencies, promoting the introduction of gender and biodiversity issues into policy decision-making, and improving domestic biodiversity project management, all with the aim to provide guidance for follow-up work and a reference for the implementation and negotiation of the Convention on Biological Diversity in China.

Key words: biodiversity, Convention on Biological Diversity, gender equality, gender mainstreaming

[1] Cabrera IR, Martelo EZ, Garcia VV (2001) Gender, rural households, and biodiversity in native Mexico. Agriculture and Human Values, 18, 85-93.
[2] Gou YJ, Liu XY, Zhang WM, Xu CL, Long RJ (2015) An investigation of women’s social status and their recognition of the grassland policies in the pastoral area of the Qilian Mountains. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35, 3472-3479. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[苟钰姣, 刘兴元, 张伟明, 徐长林, 龙瑞军 (2015) 祁连山牧区妇女社会地位及其对草地政策的认知度. 生态学报, 35, 3472-3479.]
[3] Howard PL (2003) Women and Plants: Gender Relations in Biodiversity Conservation and Management, pp. 131-145. Zed Books, London.
[4] Huisinga NR, Yoder R, Martin Y (1993) Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge and Gender Issues in Third World Agricultural Development, pp. 10-11. Agricultural and International Development, Davis.
[5] Jiang AQ, Feng YL (2011) Roles of rural women in agrobiodiversity conservation and solutions to address their difficulties. Journal of China Agricultural University (Social Sciences Edition), 28(4), 64-70.
[蒋爱群, 冯英利 (2011) 农村妇女在保护农业生物多样性中的作用、困境与出路. 中国农业大学学报(社会科学版), 28(4), 64-70.]
[6] Liu BH (2009) The concept and features of social gender mainstream. Journal of Shandong Branch, China Female College, 6(1), 1-8. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘伯红 (2009) 社会性别主流化的概念和特点. 中华女子学院山东分院学报, 6(1), 1-8.]
[7] Li M, Peng YB (2009) “Feminization” phenomenon of agricultural labor force and its influence on agricultural production—based on the analysis of Liaoning Province. Chinese Rural Economy, 5(1), 61-69. (in Chinese)
[李旻, 彭艳斌 (2009) “农业女性化”现象及其对农业生产的影响——基于辽宁省的实证分析. 中国农村经济, 5(1), 61-69.]
[8] Liu XH, Yao DC (2012) An analysis of the feminization of agriculture and its formation mechanism. Journal of Hunan University of Science & Technology (Social Science Edition), 4(1), 99-102. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘筱红, 姚德超 (2012) 农业女性化现象其形成机制分析. 湖南科技大学学报(社会科学版), 4(1), 99-102.]
[9] Li XY (2001) What is gender mainstreaming? Chinese Women’s Movement, 10(1), 1-5. (in Chinese)
[李小云 (2001) 什么是社会性别主流化. 中国妇运, 10(1), 1-5.]
[10] Malika AM, Ahmed A, Mohammed A, Raghed A, Younes S, Ali K (2008) Gender dimension in the conservation and sustainable use of agro-biodiversity in West Asia. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37(1), 265-383.
[11] Martina AP (2005) Institutional innovations towards gender equity in agrobiodiversity management: collective action in Kerala, South India, pp. 6-43. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC.
[12] Ministry of Environmental Protection(2011) China Biodiversity Conservation Strategy and Action Plan, pp. 1-34. China Environmental Science Press, .Beijing. (in Chinese)
[环境保护部(2011)中国生物多样性保护战略与行动计划, pp. 1-34. 中国环境科学出版社.北京.]
[13] Shen SC, Qian J (2009) Livestock Projects in Southwest, pp. 18-20. LEISA India, Bangalore.
[14] Rodriguez G, Blanco M, Azofeifa F, Jose S, Rica C (2004) Diversity Makes the Difference, pp. 2-5. IUCN, Switzerland.
[15] Sachs CE (1997) Women Working in the Environment Resourceful Natures, pp. 117-119. Routledge, London.
[16] Sillitoe P, Howard PL (1981) The gender of crops in the Papua New Guinea Highlands, pp. 1-14. University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
[17] Wang AH, Pan X (2015) How to advance gender mainstreaming in environmental projects. Journal of Beijing Forestry University (Social Sciences), 14(4), 17-22. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王爱华, 潘寻 (2015) 如何在环境保护类项目中推进性别主流化. 北京林业大学学报(社会科学版), 14(4), 17-22.]
[18] Wu HF, Rao J (2009) The influence of feminization of agriculture on agricultural development. Journal of Agrotechnical Economics, 2(3), 55-61. (in Chinese)
[吴慧芳, 饶静 (2009) 农业女性化对农业发展的影响. 农业技术经济, 2(3), 55-61.]
[19] Xue DY, Wu JY, Zhao FW (2012) Actions, progress and prospects in implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity during the past 20 years in China. Biodiversity Science, 20, 623-632. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[薛达元, 武建勇, 赵富伟 (2012) 中国履行《生物多样性公约》二十年: 行动、进展与展望. 生物多样性, 20, 623-632.]
[20] Zhang TL, Zhang M (1994) The present population of the Tibetan nationality in China. Social Sciences in China, 15(1), 46-65.
[1] 邢圆, 吴小平, 欧阳珊, 张君倩, 徐靖, 银森录, 谢志才. 赣江水系大型底栖动物多样性与受胁因子初探[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 648-657.
[2] 刘艳, 杨钰爽. 生物多样性保护优先区对重庆苔藓植物多样性保护的重要性[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 677-682.
[3] 桂旭君, 练琚愉, 张入匀, 李艳朋, 沈浩, 倪云龙, 叶万辉. 鼎湖山南亚热带常绿阔叶林群落垂直结构及其物种多样性特征[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 619-629.
[4] 张晓玲, 李亦超, 王芸芸, 蔡宏宇, 曾辉, 王志恒. 未来气候变化对不同国家茶适宜分布区的影响[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 595-606.
[5] 李晗溪, 黄雪娜, 李世国, 战爱斌. 基于环境DNA-宏条形码技术的水生生态系统入侵生物的早期监测与预警[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(5): 491-504.
[6] 邵昕宁, 宋大昭, 黄巧雯, 李晟, 姚蒙. 基于粪便DNA及宏条形码技术的食肉动物快速调查及食性分析[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(5): 543-556.
[7] 朱柏菁, 薛敬荣, 夏蓉, 靳苗苗, 吴攸, 田善义, 陈小云, 刘满强, 胡锋. 不同土壤线虫功能团对水稻生长及地上部植食者的影响[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(4): 409-418.
[8] 马燕婕, 何浩鹏, 沈文静, 刘标, 薛堃. 转基因玉米对田间节肢动物群落多样性的影响[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(4): 419-432.
[9] 赵阳,温源远. 《生物多样性公约》企业与生物多样性全球平台的发展情况及对中国的政策建议[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(3): 339-346.
[10] 钱海源,余建平,申小莉,丁平,李晟. 钱江源国家公园体制试点区鸟类多样性与区系组成[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(1): 76-80.
[11] 代云川,薛亚东,张云毅,李迪强. 国家公园生态系统完整性评价研究进展[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(1): 104-113.
[12] 刘安榕, 杨腾, 徐炜, 上官子健, 王金洲, 刘慧颖, 时玉, 褚海燕, 贺金生. 青藏高原高寒草地地下生物多样性: 进展、问题与展望[J]. 生物多样性, 2018, 26(9): 972-987.
[13] 李爱农, 尹高飞, 张正健, 谭剑波, 南希, 马克平, 郭庆华. 基于站点的生物多样性星空地一体化遥感监测[J]. 生物多样性, 2018, 26(8): 819-827.
[14] 王乐, 时晨, 田金炎, 宋晓楠, 贾明明, 李小娟, 刘晓萌, 钟若飞, 殷大萌, 杨杉杉, 郭先仙. 基于多源遥感的红树林监测[J]. 生物多样性, 2018, 26(8): 838-849.
[15] 刘雪华, 武鹏峰, 何祥博, 赵翔宇. 红外相机技术在物种监测中的应用及数据挖掘[J]. 生物多样性, 2018, 26(8): 850-861.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed