生物多样性 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (8): 874-885.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016314

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

葡萄座腔菌科真菌的系统学和多样性探讨

李文英1, 2, 3, *(), 李夏1, 解开治1, 邓旺秋2, 庄文颖3   

  1. 1 广东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所农业部南方植物营养与肥料重点实验室/广东省养分资源循环利用与耕地保育重点实验室, 广州 510640
    2 广东省微生物研究所省部共建华南应用微生物国家重点实验室, 广州 510070
    3 中国科学院微生物研究所真菌学国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-25 接受日期:2017-08-15 出版日期:2017-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 李文英 E-mail:liwenying2006@126.com
  • 作者简介:# 共同第一作者
  • 基金项目:
    科技部基础性工作专项(2013FY110400)、省部共建华南应用微生物国家重点实验室开放基金(SKLAM001-2016)、真菌学国家重点实验室开放课题(SKLMKF201404)、广州市科技计划项目(201707010044, 201607010062)

Systematics and species diversity of botryosphaeriaceous fungi

Wenying Li1, 2, 3, *(), Xia Li1, Kaizhi Xie1, Wangqiu Deng2, Wenying Zhuang3   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer in South Region, Ministry of Agriculture/Guangdong Key Laboratory of Nutrient Cycling and Farmland Conservation, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510640
    2 State Key Laboratory of Applied Microbiology Southern China, Guangdong Institute of Microbiology, Guangzhou 510070
    3 State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:2017-07-25 Accepted:2017-08-15 Online:2017-08-20
  • Contact: Li Wenying E-mail:liwenying2006@126.com
  • About author:# Co-first authors

葡萄座腔菌科的真菌是子囊菌中重要的代表性类群, 是农林生态系统中重要的组成部分。该类真菌物种资源丰富、全型特征多样, 包括许多具有重要经济价值和生态功能的类群, 隶属子囊菌门(Ascomycota)果囊菌亚门(Pezizomycotina)座囊菌纲(Dothideomycetes)葡萄座腔菌目(Botryosphaeriales)。本文在概述葡萄座腔科真菌生态功能的基础上, 回顾了一百年来该类真菌目、科、属和种各级分类单元的建立及其系统分类研究历史, 重点评述以von Arx & Müller和Barr提出的两大分类系统, 总结了基于全型形态特征和多基因序列分析的现代分子系统学研究现状。虽然该类群的分类系统日趋完善, 但中国的相关研究存在资源挖掘不够深入、研究的系统性不足等问题。主要针对资源挖掘必要性、分类依据科学性、物种特征全息化等几个方面存在的问题进行了分析和讨论, 并对未来研究方向进行展望, 以期为该类真菌的深入研究与开发利用提供科学依据。

关键词: 葡萄座腔菌目, 葡萄座腔菌科, 系统分类学, 生物多样性, 系统发育

Botryosphaeriaceous fungi are an important ascomycete group (Botryosphaeriales, Dothideomycetes, Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota). They play essential roles in economic and ecological environments, especially in agroforestry ecosystems. In this overview, we introduce a wide variety of ecological functions of botryosphaeriaceous fungi. The taxonomic studies of the family Botryosphaeriaceae in its early stages have been reviewed in details since 1823, especially the two major classification systems proposed by von Arx & Müller and Barr. The research status, progress based on holomorphological characteristics and multilocus DNA sequence data are summarized towards updating our understanding of species diversity and classification systems of the group. In addition, the research history, current status and work to be done of the group in China are briefly stated. Problems regarding biodiversity and phylogeny are discussed. Research perspectives are proposed based on taxonomic features, species concepts and exploration of bioresources. This review is expected to provide useful information about effective utilization of fungal resources and control of the harmful effects of botryosphaeriaceous fungi.

Key words: Botryosphaeriales, Botryosphaeriaceae, systematic, biodiversity, phylogeny

图1

葡萄座腔菌科属种多样性"

图2

葡萄座腔菌科研究进展年代记事表"

表1

葡萄座腔菌科及其各属研究进展和存在问题"

存在的问题 Comments 主要文献 References
葡萄座腔菌科
Botryosphaeriaceae
模式科; 属种的分类与名称需要修订
Type family, many genera and species need to be corrected
Crous et al, 2006; Liu et al, 2012; Slippers et al, 2013; Phillips et al, 2013
Barriopsis A. J. L. Phillips et al, 2008 具分子证据, 但标本材料较少
A few molecular data, lack of fresh collections
Phillips et al, 2008; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2009; Doilom et al, 2014
Botryobambusa R. Phookamsak et al, 2012 单种属; 竹生, 具分子证据和全型特征
Monotypic genus on bamboo, some molecular data and holomorph characteristics
Liu et al, 2012; Hyde et al, 2013
葡萄座腔菌属
Botryosphaeria Ces. & De Not, 1863
模式属; 存在复合种, 大量记录名称仍需订正
Type genus, remaining species complex, lots of epithets need to be corrected
Denman et al, 2000; Slippers et al, 2004; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2013; Phillips et al, 2013
棺孢腔菌属
Cophinforma Doilom et al, 2012
具分子证据及全型特征, 需更多材料
A few molecular data and holomorph characteristics, lack of more fresh collections
Mehl et al, 2011; Liu et al, 2012; Phillips et al, 2013
色二孢属 Diplodia Fr, 1834 常见属; 大量记录名称需要清理与订正
Common genus, lots of epithets need to be corrected
Alves et al, 2004, 2014; Phillips et al, 2012, 2013
小穴壳孢属 Dothiorella Sacc, 1880 常见属; 大量记录名称需要订正, 缺乏有性材料
Common genus, lots of epithets need to be corrected, lack of teleomorph collections
Crous et al, 2006; Phillips et al, 2008; Phillips et al, 2013; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2014
Endomelanconiopsis E. I. Rojas & Samuels, 2008 具分子证据, 缺少有性特征材料
A few molecular data, lack of teleomorph collections
Rojas et al, 2008; Hyde et al, 2013
毛色二孢属
Lasiodiplodia Ellis & Everh, 1896
常见属; 具分子证据, 但有性特征材料较少
Common genus, some molecular data, but lack of fresh teleomorph collections
Alves et al, 2008; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2010; Phillips et al, 2008, 2013
亚大茎点菌属
Macrophomina Petr, 1923
较小属; 缺少更多分子证据及有性特征材料
Minor genus, lack of more molecular data and fresh teleomorph collections
Crous et al, 2006; Liu et al, 2012; Sarr et al, 2014
Neodeightonia C. Booth, 1970 新修订属; 具全型特征及分子证据
Revised genus, a few molecular data and holomorph characteristics
Punithalingam, 1969; Phillips et al, 2008, 2013; Liu et al, 2010, 2012; Hyde et al, 2013
新壳梭孢属
Neofusicoccum Crous, 2006
常见属; 具分子证据及全型特征
Common genus, a few molecular data and holomorph characteristics
Crous et al, 2006; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2013; Phillips et al, 2013; Hyde et al, 2014
新暗色柱节孢属
Neoscytalidium Crous & Slippers, 2006
具分子证据, 缺少有性特征材料
A few molecular data, lack of fresh teleomorph collections
Crous et al, 2006; Chuang et al, 2012; Lan et al, 2012; Phillips et al, 2013
暗葡腔菌属
Phaeobotryon Theiss. & Syd, 1915
新修订属; 具分子证据, 缺少全型特征材料
Revised genus, a few molecular data, lack of fresh holomorph collections
Phillips et al, 2008; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2009; Fan et al, 2015
拟壳梭孢属
Pseudofusicoccum Mohali, Slippers & M. J. Wingf, 2006
具分子证据, 缺少有性特征材料
A few molecular data, lack of fresh teleomorph collections
Crous et al, 2006; Pavlic et al, 2008; Mehl et al, 2011
斯潘氏菌属
Spencermartinsia A. J. L. Phillips et al, 2008
具较多分子证据, 缺乏有型特征材料
Some molecular data, lack of fresh teleomorph collections
Phillips et al, 2008; Abdollahzadeh et al, 2014
拟球壳霉属
Sphaeropsis Sacc, 1880
常见属; 大量记录名称需要清理与订正
Common genus, lots of epithets need to be corrected
Palmer et al, 1987; Phillips et al, 2008, 2013; Liu et al, 2012; Slippers et al, 2013
Tiarosporella Höhn, 1919 具分子证据, 属内成员需进一步清理与订正
A few molecular data, lots of members need to be corrected
Liu et al, 2012; Jami et al, 2012
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