Biodiv Sci ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (10): 23241.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2023241

• Special Feature: 2022 New Taxa Collection • Previous Articles     Next Articles

New vertebrate species discovered in China in 2022

Jianping Jiang1,4,*(), Bo Cai1, Bin Wang1, Weitao Chen2, Zhixin Wen3, Dezhi Zhang3, Lulu Sui1, Shun Ma1   

  1. 1. Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041
    2. Pearl River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Guangzhou 510380
    3. Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    4. Mangkang Biodiversity and Ecological Station, Tibet Ecological Safety Monitor Network, Changdu, Xizang 854500
  • Received:2023-07-03 Accepted:2023-10-12 Online:2023-10-20 Published:2023-11-23
  • Contact: *E-mail:


Aim: To collate and report new vertebrate species discovered in China in 2022.

Methods: This paper summarizes the basic information on vertebrate species discoveries published in 2022, including 87 papers and 1 annual report of bird watching in China (

Results: In 2022, 120 vertebrate species were discovered in China, including 98 species new to science, 17 species not previously reported in China, and 5 valid species upgraded from subspecies. These species belong to 17 orders, 43 families, and 71 genera. Among them are 30 new species of fishes; 44 species of amphibians, including 34 new species and 10 newly recorded in China; 26 species of reptiles, including 21 new species and 3 newly recorded in China, and 2 species upgraded from subspecies; 6 species of birds, including 1 new species, 3 newly recorded in China, and 2 species upgraded from subspecies; 14 species of mammals, including 12 new species, 1 newly recorded in China and 1 species upgraded from subspecies. Cold-blooded vertebrates account for 83% of new species discoveries; most of the fishes, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals were species of Cypriniformes, Anura, Squamata, and Rodentia, with 22, 37, 25, and 11 species, respectively. These 120 newly discovered vertebrates were recorded in 26 provincial regions. Of these species, 106 were only recorded in one provincial region. A total of 97 of these species have been supported by molecular systematics. There were 111 species described by Chinese scholars; 105 species were published in journals, and 19 species of these were published in three English journals in China.

Conclusion: This work provides important basic information for the classification and protection of vertebrates in China. In addition, it also indicates that cold-blooded vertebrates are the key group of the vertebrate species diversity research in China, and that an integrated classification approach is essential to support future taxonomic studies.

Key words: vertebrates, new species, new record, China