Biodiv Sci

   

Progress of agricultural biodiversity conservation in China

Xiaoming Zheng1,Qingwen Yang2   

  1. 1. Institute of Crop Sciences,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
    2.
  • Received:2020-03-05 Revised:2020-07-13 Published:2020-07-28
  • Contact: Qingwen Yang

Abstract: Agricultural biodiversity has a significant influence on agricultural production and plays an important role in sustainable development. Consequently, the Chinese government has emphasized agricultural biodiversity conservation since the early 1950s by formulating laws and regulations related to agricultural biodiversity, establishing management mechanisms, mapping out related programs, and implementing research and capacity building projects. It has also taken conservation actions at the levels of ecosystems, species, and genes. More recently, China established a primary conservation system with both in-situ and ex-situ approaches. Here, we summarize China’s main progress toward establishing a supporting system of legislation, policies, research, and capacity building in agricultural biodiversity conservation over the past 70 years. We highlight important gaps in the areas of agricultural biodiversity conservation compared to international and national development strategies, describe the requirements associated with enhancing the conservation system in China, and underscore the need to build capacity. We propose that agricultural biodiversity conservation in China should align with international regulations, such as the Nagoya Protocol and ITPGRFA, promote ecosystem services, create a streamlined process across government sectors, and increase public capacity.

Key words: Agrobiodiversity, Conservation, Prospects