Biodiv Sci ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (10): 1276-1285.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019378

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Biodiversity conservation of Kazakhstan and suggestions on cooperation between China and Kazakhstan

Miao Wu1,2,*(), Yun Hao1,2, Xiaoyun Zhang1, Lixian Wang1, Jingjing He1,2, Guangzheng Duan3   

  1. 1 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011
    2 Research Center for Ecology and Environment of Central Asia, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011
    3 Foreign Environmental Cooperation Center, Ministry of Ecology and Environment (China Center for SCO Environmental Cooperation), Beijing 100035
  • Received:2019-12-28 Accepted:2020-03-18 Online:2020-10-20 Published:2020-10-20
  • Contact: Miao Wu

Abstract:

Kazakhstan is located in the hinterlands of Eurasia and is an important part of the Silk Road Economic Belt. Cooperation between China and Kazakhstan that is focused on the conservation of biodiversity will help solve regional ecological and environmental problems and promote the smooth implementation of the “One Belt, One Road” initiative. China still lacks a basic understanding of Kazakhstan’s biodiversity and the conservation status of different organisms. Using both quantitative and qualitative analyses, we used geographic environmental characteristics, biodiversity status, and different levels of conservation effectiveness to understand the degree of biodiversity present in Kazakhstan. We found that Kazakhstan is rich in biodiversity, but is also at serious risk of losing biodiversity. Kazakhstan's government emphasizes the importance in protecting biodiversity and is active in complying with international obligations. The government has been able to combine the social and economic needs of the nation in implementing a multi-level management system that has been achieved certain results.

Key words: Kazakhstan, biodiversity, conservation, China-Kazakhstan cooperation, One Belt One Road, Countermeasure and Suggestion