Biodiv Sci ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 1352-1363.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019244

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An overview on assessment systems for threatened plants in China

Zhangjian Shan1,2,Lina Zhao1,2,Yuchang Yang1,2,Dan Xie1,2,Haining Qin1,2,*()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    2 College of Life Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2019-08-01 Accepted:2019-12-16 Online:2019-12-20 Published:2019-12-24
  • Contact: Qin Haining


Endangered species conservation is an important part of biodiversity conservation, heavily helped by threatened species assessment guides. The assessment of threatened level has gradually evolved from being qualitative to quantitative with qualitative supplement. This paper reviews the research progress of the domestic threatened plant species quantitative assessment system, and introduces the mature IUCN Red List Assessment System, CITES Assessment System, and the National Natural Conservation Association Assessment System. Through this, we propose future development requirements of quantitative assessment criteria for threatened species should have the following characteristics: (1) a clear, unified, and reasonable definition of category setting, (2) quantitative, objective, and non-redundant criteria for endangered categories, (3) adaptation to different geographical range while simultaneously expressing threatened category over different ranges, (4) evaluation indicators contain the dynamic information of the species which can quantitatively analyze the change of the species through time. In addition, the domestic quantitative assessment system for threatened species should form a standardized outline with increased publicity to combine theoretical research with specific conservation actions. Lastly, China should adopt the widely-used endangered rating systems to assess species threatened level and integrate domestic biodiversity conservation work into the global scale.

Key words: IUCN Red List, endangerment coefficient, fuzzy two-stage comprehensive evaluation, analytic hierarchy process, expert system, qualitative assessment