Biodiv Sci ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (2): 177-184.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2017152

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The distribution, population and conservation status of Przewalski’s gazelle, Procapra przewalskii

Xiaoge Ping1,2, Chunwang Li1,2, Chunlin Li3, Songhua Tang1,2, Hongxia Fang1, Shaopeng Cui1,2, Jing Chen1, Enguang Wang4, Yubang He5, Ping Cai4, Yu Zhang4, Yonglin Wu5, Zhigang Jiang1,2,*()   

  1. 1 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    3 School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Anhui University, Hefei 230039
    4 Qinghai Forestry Bureau, Xining 810001
    5 Qinghai Lake National Nature Reserve Bureau, Xining 810008
  • Received:2017-05-23 Accepted:2017-08-15 Online:2018-02-20 Published:2018-05-05
  • Contact: Jiang Zhigang
  • About author:# Co-first authors

Abstract:

We conducted surveys on the distribution, population, and conservation status of Przewalski’s gazelle, Procapra przewalskii, using the total count method in 2014 and 2015. Przewalski’s gazelle was found in 12 separate locations around Qinghai Lake. Compared with results from the First National Wildlife Survey, several new locations were found, and both the distribution range and area were enlarged. At least 1,238 individuals were found around Qinghai Lake. Compared with survey results collected after 2010, the population size of Przewalski’s gazelle reached a relatively stable level. Although four locations of Przewalski’s gazelle were under the protection of the Qinghai Lake National Nature Reserve, and special conservation areas and protection stations for the gazelle were also established, overall conservation efforts are still insufficient. A nature reserve that is specifically focused on the conservation of Przewalski’s gazelle should be established in the Upper Buha River of the Shengge-Kuaierma region in Tianjun County. Moreover, proper ecological compensation mechanisms should be developed to resolve the contradiction between conservation and economic development. Considering the fast growth of the captive-bred population, future reintroductions should be conducted in suitable locations within the historical range of this gazelle outside the Qinghai Lake basin.

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Key words: total count, population size, distribution, conservation status, conservation planning