生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (10): 1182-1191.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020035

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

有害植物孪花蟛蜞菊扩张对西沙岛屿陆生软体动物的影响

颜碧玥1,3,4, 佟富春2, 况露辉1,3,4, 牟之建1,3,4, 吴文佳1,3, 蔡洪月1,4, 王俊1, 简曙光1, 任海1, 刘占锋1,3,*()   

  1. 1 中国科学院退化生态系统植被恢复与管理重点实验室/中国科学院海岛与海岸带生态修复工程实验室, 中国科学院华南植物园, 广州 510650
    2 华南农业大学林学与风景园林学院, 广州 510642
    3 南方海洋科学与工程广东实验室(广州), 广州 511458
    4 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-04 接受日期:2020-04-27 出版日期:2020-10-20 发布日期:2020-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 刘占锋
  • 作者简介:E-mail: liuzf@scbg.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金-广东联合基金重点项目(U1701246);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类 XDA13020500);广东省科技计划项目(2019B121201005);军队后勤开放研究科研项目(AHJ8J003);中国科学院青年创新促进会优秀会员项目

The influence of harmful plant Wedelia biflora expansion on terrestrial mollusks in Xisha Islands

Biyue Yan1,3,4, Fuchun Tong2, Luhui Kuang1,3,4, Zhijian Mou1,3,4, Wenjia Wu1,3, Hongyue Cai1,4, Jun Wang1, Shuguang Jian1, Hai Ren1, Zhanfeng Liu1,3,*()   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Vegetation Restoration and Management of Degraded Ecosystems / CAS Engineering Laboratory for Vegetation Ecosystem Restoration on Islands and Coastal Zones, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
    2 College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642
    3 Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), Guangzhou 511458
    4 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2020-02-04 Accepted:2020-04-27 Online:2020-10-20 Published:2020-10-20
  • Contact: Zhanfeng Liu

摘要:

有害植物孪花蟛蜞菊(Wedelia biflora)的扩张对我国西沙群岛原生植物群落结构和功能产生了深刻影响, 但陆生软体动物如何响应该扩张却未见报道。本文调查了西沙群岛永兴岛孪花蟛蜞菊不同扩张程度下褐云玛瑙螺(Achatina fulica)、钻头螺科、坚齿螺科和拟阿勇蛞蝓科等主要陆生软体动物的残体分布情况, 测定了残体的分布密度和壳高、壳宽、壳重等可量化性状指标, 研究了孪花蟛蜞菊扩张对陆生软体动物种群的影响。结果表明: (1)随孪花蟛蜞菊扩张程度增加, 钻头螺科和褐云玛瑙螺的种群密度增加, 坚齿螺科种群密度减小, 拟阿勇蛞蝓科种群密度出现先增加后减少的趋势; (2)陆生软体动物类群的体型分布频率随孪花蟛蜞菊扩张呈现不同的变化趋势, 褐云玛瑙螺较小个体数量增加, 其他陆生软体动物体型分布变化不明显或较大体型残体分布增加; (3)孪花蟛蜞菊扩张对褐云玛瑙螺体型特征产生抑制作用, 褐云玛瑙螺主要采用r策略来响应有害植物扩张的影响。综上, 有害植物孪花蟛蜞菊在热带珊瑚岛屿植被中的扩张改变了陆生软体动物的形态、密度与种群结构, 不同的软体生物类群表现出不同响应策略, 在海岛有害生物的综合防治过程中应该引起足够重视。

关键词: 有害植物, 种群扩张, 褐云玛瑙螺, 种间互作, 热带珊瑚岛屿

Abstract:

It is well-documented that the expansion of Wedelia biflora profoundly impacts the structure and functions of the native plant community in the Xisha Islands, but the effects of this expansion on terrestrial mollusks remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the population density and shell features (e.g. height, width and mass) of the major groups of terrestrial mollusks: Achatina fulica, Subulinidae, Camaenidae and Ariphantidae. Mollusk conditions were assessed under different degrees of W. biflora expansion on Yongxing Island. Results showed: (1) As the coverage of W. biflora increased, the population density of A. fulica and Subulinidae also increased, decreased for Camaenidae, and initially increased and then decreased for Ariphantidae. (2) Population density of A. fulica small-sized individuals increased at a disproportionately higher rate with W. biflora expansion, while the density of other body size remained unaltered. (3) W. biflora expansion inhibited certain shell features of A. fulica, which adopted an r strategy to cope with W. biflora expansion. In summary, the expansion of W. biflora on Yingxing Island altered the body sizes, population density and community structure of terrestrial mollusks. To cope with this expansion, different mollusks adopted different response strategies, a selective process which should be considered when managing the spread of invasive species.

Key words: harmful plant, population expansion, Achatina fulica, inter species interaction, tropical coral island