Volume 27 Issue 5   20 May 2019
Nucleic acids are one of the essential elements of global lives, encoding taxon-specific genetic information, which creates a whole new angle for understanding biodiversity using a molecular approach. Biodiversity genomics methods based on high throughput sequencing are capable of charactering massive amounts of nucleotide sequences in a parallel way, therefore enabling biodiversity analyses for mixed biology samples. Facilitated by this new technology, global initiatives of biodiversity registration for marine, terrestrial, and freshwater systems have been rapidly coordinated. Eventually, on the basis of accurate and efficient taxonomic identification, biodiversity genomics will see extensive applications in biodiversity monitoring, ecological network construction, host-symbiont interactions, invasive species detection, among many others. (Cover design: Tingting Hu)

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