Biodiversity Science ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (1): 3-10.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.08151

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Functional groups of marine macrobenthos in relation to environmental factors around the Ximen Island National Marine Special Reserve, Zhejiang

Yibo Liao1, 2, Lu Shou2, 3, Jiangning Zeng2, *(), Aigen Gao2, Yanbin Tang2, Xiaojun Yan1, Quanzhen Chen2   

  1. 1 School of Marine Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315211
    2 Laboratory of Marine Ecosystem and Biogeochemistry, State Oceanic Administration, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012
    3 College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097
  • Received:2012-07-29 Accepted:2012-10-21 Online:2013-02-04
  • Zeng Jiangning E-mail:jiangningz@126.com

We evaluated the seasonal change in functional groups of marine macrobenthos in relation to environmental factors in the Ximen Island National Marine Special Reserve, Zhejiang Province, in April and November of 2010, August 2011 and February 2012. We identified a total of 78 taxa (mostly to species level) and categorized these taxa by feeding strategy. Overall, we categorized these taxa into following five functional groups: planktophagous(Pl), phytophagous(Ph), carnivorous(C), omnivorous(O), and detritivorous(D). The mean density of each functional group was ranked as Pl>C>Ph>D>O, and the mean biomass as Pl>D>C>O>Ph. Based on the results of variance analysis (one-way ANOVA), we found no significant seasonal differences of density and biomass among functional groups. We used canonical correspondence analysis to examine relationships between environmental factors and macrobenthic functional groups. Our results imply that temperature, dissolved oxygen, dissolved inorganic phosphorus and median particle diameter were the main environmental factors correlated with macrobenthic functional groups. Results of the cumulative percentage variance in functional groups-environment relationships indicated that the changes of functional groups can be explained best by the environmental factors.

Key words: macrobenthos, functional group, biodiversity, environmental factors, national marine special reserve

Fig. 1

Sampling stations of macrbenthos around the Ximen Island National Marine Special Reserve, Zhejiang"

Table 1

Seasonal variation of environmental parameters around the Ximen Island National Marine Special Reserve, Zhejiang"

春季 Spring 夏季 Summer 秋季 Autumn 冬季 Winter F P
温度 Temperature (℃) 15.2±0.5 29.3±0.3 15.0±0.6 9.8±0.7 F3,24 = 1,770.05 <0.01
盐度 Salinity 14.9±3.7 21.1±5.8 24.2±0.7 21.1±0.8 F3,24 = 8.92 <0.01
pH 7.95±0.02 7.87±0.04 8.05±0.01 7.96±0.01 F3,24=68.00 <0.01
溶解氧 Dissolved oxygen (mg/L) 8.26±0.35 5.72±0.14 8.14±0.06 9.53±0.27 F3,24=327.09 <0.01
溶解态无机氮
Dissolved inorganic nitrogen (mg/L)
0.805±0.228 0.842±0.231 0.692±0.042 0.769±0.081 F3,24=595.90 <0.01
溶解态无机磷
Dissolved inorganic phosphorus (mg/L)
0.035±0.001 0.029±0.002 0.040±0.003 0.025±0.002 F3,24=61.84 <0.01
中值粒径
Median particle diameter (μm)
6.12±0.21 6.37±0.31 6.05±0.05 5.96±0.34 F3,24=3.31 0.04
有机碳 Total organic carbon (%) 1.20±0.12 0.99±0.02 0.81±0.06 0.77±0.08 F3,24= 46.80 <0.01

Table 2

Seasonal changes of density and biomass of macrobenthic functional groups around the Ximen Island National Marine Special Reserve, Zhejiang"

春季 Spring 夏季 Summer 秋季 Autumn 冬季 Winter F P
密度 Density
浮游生物食者 Planktophagous group 415 91 457 61 F3,24=0.90 0.46
植食者 Phytophagous group 9 89 34 36 F3,24=1.54 0.23
肉食者 Carnivorous group 38 46 54 66 F3,24=0.53 0.67
杂食者 Omnivorous group 3 3 0 14 F3,24=2.99 0.05
碎屑食者 Detritivorous group 19 30 19 61 F3,24=1.92 0.15
生物量 Biomass
浮游生物食者 Planktophagous group 14.16 2.58 47.02 1.14 F3,24=1.29 0.30
植食者 Phytophagous group 2.61 3.36 4.95 2.48 F3,24=0.37 0.77
肉食者 Carnivorous group 6.20 5.60 3.23 6.81 F3,24=0.38 0.77
杂食者 Omnivorous group 0.05 12.63 0.00 1.55 F3,24=1.92 0.15
碎屑食者 Detritivorous group 23.72 0.30 1.80 1.69 F3,24=1.19 0.34

Fig. 2

Percentage of density and biomass of macrobenthic functional groups around the Ximen Island National Marine Special Reserve, Zhejiang. A, Spring; B, Summer; C, Autumn; D, Winter."

Fig. 3

CCA ordination diagrams of macrobenthic functional groups and environmental factors. T: Temperature; S: Salinity; DO: Dissolved oxygen; DIN: Dissolved inorganic nitrogen; DIP: Dissolved inorganic phosphorus; Md: Median particle diameter; TOC: Total organic carbon; Pl: Planktophagous group; Ph: Phytophagous group; C: Carnivorous group; O: Omnivorous group; D: Detritivorous group."

Table 3

Eigenvalues for CCA axes and functional groups-environment correlations"

排序轴
CCA axes
轴 Axis 总惯量
Total inertia
1 2 3 4
特征值 Eigenvalues 0.336 0.115 0.017 0.002 0.957
功能群与环境因子相关系数
Functional groups-environment correlations
0.805 0.743 0.357 0.151
排序轴对功能群-环境关系的贡献率
Cumulative percentage variance of functional groups-environment relation
71.6 96.0 99.5 100.0

Appendix I

Species of macrobenthos around the Ximen Island National Marine Special Reserve, Zhejiang"

种名 Species 春季
Spring
夏季
Summer
秋季
Autummn
冬季
Winter
多毛类 Polychaeta
矮小稚齿虫 Apoprionospio pygmaea +
稚齿虫科一种 Spionidae sp. +
伪才女虫属一种 Pseudopolydora sp. + +
渤海格鳞虫 Gattyana pohaiensis +
双鳃内卷齿蚕 Aglaophamus dibranchis + +
中华内卷齿蚕 A. sinersis + +
无疣齿吻沙蚕 Inermonephtys inermis + +
加州齿吻沙蚕 Nephtys californiensis + +
毛齿吻沙蚕 N. ciliata + +
多鳃齿吻沙蚕 N. polybranchia +
双齿围沙蚕 Perinereis aibuhitensis +
寡节甘吻沙蚕 Glycinde gurjanvae +
后指虫 Laonice cirrata + +
尖刺缨虫 Potamilla acuminata +
漏斗节须虫 Isocirrus watsoni +
米列虫 Melinna cristata + +
日本叉毛豆维虫 Schistomeringos japonica +
三角洲双须虫 Eteone delta +
沙蠋科一种 Arenicolidae spp. +
长吻沙蚕 Glycera chirori + + +
吻沙蚕属一种 Glycera sp. +
须鳃虫 Cirriformia tentaculata + + +
杂毛虫属一种 Poecilochaetus sp. +
长锥虫 Haploscoloplos elongatus +
智利巢沙蚕 Diopatra chilienis + + +
花索沙蚕 Arabella iricolor +
异足索沙蚕 Lumbrineris heteropoda + +
索沙蚕属一种 Lumbrineris sp. + + +
欧努菲虫 Onuphis eremita +
带楯征节虫 Nicomache personata +
小头虫 Capitella capitata + + +
厚鳃蚕 Dasybranchus caducus + +
丝异须虫 Heteromastus filiformis + +
背蚓虫 Notomastus latericeus + +
不倒翁虫 Sternaspis scutata + + +
缩头竹节虫 Maldane sarsi +
软体动物 Mollusca
短拟沼螺 Assiminea brevicula + + + +
光滑狭口螺 Stenothyra glabar +
尖锥拟蟹守螺 Cerithidea largillierti + + +
珠带拟蟹守螺 C. cingulata +
纵带滩栖螺 Batillaria zonalis +
光螺科一种 Eulimidae spp. + + +
圆筒原盒螺 Eocylichna braunsi +
库页球舌螺 Didontoglossa koyasensis + +
丽小笔螺 Mitrella bella +
泥螺 Bullacta exarata + +
婆罗囊螺 Retusa boenensis + + +
梯螺科一种 Epitoniidae spp. + +
香螺 Neptunea arthritica cumingii + +
斑节亮螺 Phos varicosus +
扁玉螺 Neverita didyma +
织纹螺属一种 Nassarius sp. + + +
棒锥螺 Turritella bacillum +
薄云母蛤 Yoldia similis +
缢蛏 Sinonovacula constricta + + +
彩虹明樱蛤 Moerella iridescens +
泥蚶 Tegillarca granosa +
河篮蛤属一种 Potamocorbula sp. + + + +
甲壳动物 Crustacea
双眼钩虾属一种 Ampelisca sp. +
细管居蜚 Cerapus tubularis +
大蜾赢蜚 Corophium major +
片钩虾属一种 Elasmopus sp. +
板钩虾属一种 Stenothoe spp. +
鲜明鼓虾 Alpheus distinguendus +
长眼对虾 Miyadiella podophthalmus +
脊尾白虾 Exopalaemon carinicauda +
淡水泥蟹 Ilyoplax tansuiensis + +
锯眼泥蟹 I. serrata +
宁波泥蟹 I. ningpoensis +
痕掌沙蟹 Ocypode stimpsoni +
棘皮动物 Echinodermata
棘刺锚参 Protankyra bidentata + + +
伪指刺锚参 P. pseudodigitata +
真蛇科属一种 Ophiuridae spp. +
其他类 Others
爱氏海葵属一种 Edwardsia sp. + + + +
角海葵属一种 Cerianthus sp. + +
大弹涂鱼 Boleophthalmus pectinirostris +
孔鰕虎鱼 Trypauchen vagina +
纽虫一种 Nemertea spp. + + + +
1 An CG (安传光), Zhao YL (赵云龙), Lin L (林凌), Li JY (李嘉尧), Cui LL (崔丽丽), Ma CY (马春艳) (2008) The biodiversity of macrobenthos of intertidal zone on Chongming Island in summer.Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 28, 577-586. (in Chinese with English abstract)
2 Andersen AN (1995) A classification of Australian ant communities, based on functional groups which parallel plant life-forms in relation to stress and disturbance.Journal of Biogeography, 22, 15-29.
3 Bao YX (鲍毅新), Hu ZY (胡知渊), Li HH (李欢欢), Ge BM (葛宝明), Cheng HY (程宏毅) (2008) Seasonal variation and functional groups of macrobenthic communities at diked and natural tidal flat, Lingkun Island, China.Acta Zoologica Sinica(动物学报), 54, 416-427. (in Chinese with English abstract)
4 Beukema JJ (1991) Changes in composition of bottom fauna of a tidal-flat area during a period of eutrophication.Marine Biology, 111, 293-301.
5 Brown SS, Gaston GR, Rakocinski CF, Heard RW (2000) Effects of sediment contaminants and environmental gradients on macrobenthic community trophic structure in Gulf of Mexico estuaries.Estuaries, 23, 411-424.
6 Carvalho S, Pereira P, Pereira F, de Pablo H, Vale C, Gaspar MB (2011) Factors structuring temporal and spatial dynamics of macrobenthic communities in a eutrophic coastal lagoon (Óbidos lagoon, Portugal).Marine Environmental Research, 71, 97-110.
7 Christensen B, Vedel A, Kristensen E (2000) Carbon and nitrogen fluxes in sediment inhabited by suspension-feeding (Nereis diversicolor) and non-suspension-feeding (N. virens) polychaetes.Marine Ecology Progress Series, 192, 203-217.
8 Day JW Jr, Hall CAS, Kemp WM, Yañez-Arancibia A (1989) Estuarine Ecology. John Wiley, New York.
9 Dimitriadis C, Evagelopoulos A, Koutsoubas D (2012) Functional diversity and redundancy of soft bottom communities in brackish waters areas: local vs regional effects. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 426-427, 53-59.
10 Fauchald K, Jumars PA (1979) The diet of worms: a study of polychaete feeding guilds. Oceanography and Marine Biology:An Annual Review, 17, 193-284.
11 Gaudêncio MJ, Cabral HN (2007) Trophic structure of macrobenthos in the Tagus estuary and adjacent coastal shelf.Hydrobiologia, 587, 241-251.
12 Ge BM (葛宝明), Bao YX (鲍毅新), Cheng HY (程宏毅), Li HH (李欢欢), Hu ZY (胡知渊) (2008) The trophic functional groups and trophic levels of the macrobenthic community at the east tidal flat of Lingkun Island.Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 28, 4796-4804. (in Chinese with English abstract)
13 General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (国家质量监督检验检疫总局) (2007a) Specifications for Oceanographic Survey (GB/T 12763-2007) (海洋调查规范). Standards Press of China, Beijing. (in Chinese)
14 General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (国家质量监督检验检疫总局) (2007b) The Specification for Marine Monitoring (GB 17378-2007) (海洋监测规范). Standards Press of China, Beijing. (in Chinese)
15 Kamermans P (1994) Similarity in food source and timing of feeding in deposit- and suspension-feeding bivalves.Marine Ecology Progress Series, 104, 63-75.
16 Li XZ (李新正) (2011) An overview of studies on marine macrobenthic biodiversity from Chinese waters: principally from the Yellow Sea.Biodiversity Science(生物多样性), 19, 676-684. (in Chinese with English abstract)
17 Mancinelli G, Fazi S, Rossi L (1998) Sediment structural properties mediating dominant feeding types patterns in soft-bottom macrobenthos of the Northern Adriatic Sea.Hydrobiologia, 367, 211-222.
18 Pranovi F, Da Ponte F, Torricelli P (2008) Historical changes in the structure and functioning of the benthic community in the lagoon of Venice.Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 76, 753-764.
19 Rhoads DC, Young DK (1970) The influence of deposit-feeding organisms on sediment stability and community trophic structure.Journal of Marine Research, 28, 150-178.
20 Shou L (寿鹿), Zeng JN (曾江宁), Liao YB (廖一波), Zhao YQ (赵永强), Jiang ZB (江志兵), Chen QZ (陈全震), Gao AG (高爱根), Yang JX (杨家新) (2009) Seasonal distribution of macrozoobenthos and its relations to environmental factors in Oujiang River estuary sea area.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology(应用生态学报), 20, 1958-1964. (in Chinese with English abstract)
21 Sokołowski A, Wołowicz M, Asmus H, Asmus R, Carlier A, Gasiunaité Z, Grémare A, Hummel H, Lesutiené J, Razinkovas A, Renaud PE, Richard P, Kędra M (2012) Is benthic food web structure related to diversity of marine macrobenthic communities?Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 108, 76-86.
22 Tang QS (唐启升), Su JL (苏纪兰) (2000) China Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics Studies. I. Key Scientific Questions and Development Strategy (中国海洋生态系统动力学研究. I. 关键科学问题与研究发展战略). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
23 ter Braak CJF, Šmilauer P (1998) CANOCO Reference Manual and User’s Guide to Canoco for Windows: Software for Canonical Community Ordination (Version 4). Microcomputer Power, Ithaca, NY.
24 Wang WQ (王文卿), Wang M (王瑁) (2007) The Mangroves of China (中国红树林). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
25 Xin JH (辛俊宏), Ren YP (任一平), Xu BD (徐宾铎), Zhang CL (张崇良), Xue Y (薛莹), Ji YP (纪毓鹏) (2011) Macrozoobenthos functional groups in intertidal flat of northwest Jiaozhou Bay. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology(应用生态学报), 22, 1885-1892. (in Chinese with English abstract)
26 Yang JY (杨俊毅), Gao AG (高爱根), Ning XR (宁修仁), Zhang DS (张东声) (2007) Characteristics on macrofauna and the responses on aquaculture in Yueqing Bay.Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 27, 34-41. (in Chinese with English abstract)
27 You ZJ (尤仲杰), Tao L (陶磊), Jiao HF (焦海峰), Shi HX (施慧雄), Lou D (楼丹) (2011) A survey of macrobenthos in the Xiangshan Bay.Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica(海洋与湖沼), 42, 431-435. (in Chinese with English abstract)
28 Yuan XZ (袁兴中), Lu JJ (陆健健), Liu H (刘红) (2002) Distribution pattern and variation in the functional groups of zoobenthos in the Changjiang Estuary.Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 22, 2054-2062. (in Chinese with English abstract)
29 Zhang B (张波), Jin XS (金显仕), Tang QS (唐启升) (2009) Functional groups of high trophic level communities in adjacent waters of Changjiang estuary.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology(应用生态学报), 20, 344-351. (in Chinese with English abstract)
30 Zhu XJ (朱晓君), Lu JJ (陆健健) (2003) Functional groups of zoobenthos in the intertidal zone of Jiuduansha, the Yangtze River Estuary.Zoological Research(动物学研究), 24, 355-361. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[1] Wenying Zhuang Yi Li Huandi Zheng Zhaoqing Zeng Xincun Wang. (2020) Threat status of macro-ascomycetes in China and analysis of its threatening factors . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 0-0.
[2] Yi Li Zhiyao Tang Yujing Yan Ke Wang Lei Cai Jinsheng He Song Gu Yijian Yao. (2020) Incorporating species distribution modelling into the red list assessment and conservation of macrofungi: A case study with Ophiocordyceps sinensis . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 0-0.
[3] Shun Li, Liang Zou, Yinan Gong, Haitao Yang, Tianming Wang, Limin Feng, Jianping Ge. (2019) Advances in LiDAR technology in the field of animal ecology . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[4] Bo Song, Linlin Chen, Lang Yan, Shaoyu Jiang, Chunyun Liu, Bingjun Li, Baoquan Li. (2019) Food web characteristics of seagrass beds in intertidal of Dongying and Yantai, Shandong Province . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 984-992.
[5] Rui Yang, Qinyi Peng, Yue Cao, Le Zhong, Shuyu Hou, Zhicong Zhao, Cheng Huang. (2019) Transformative changes and paths toward biodiversity conservation in China . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1032-1040.
[6] Yongmin Li, Xiaobing Wu. (2019) A revised species list of amphibians and reptiles in the Anhui Province . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1002-1011.
[7] Junning Li, Tong Li, Yulian Wei. (2019) Relationship between diversity of wood-decaying fungi and their host wood in the Fenglin National Nature Reserve . Biodiv Sci, 27(8): 880-886.
[8] FU Yi-Wen, TIAN Da-Shuan, WANG Jin-Song, NIU Shu-Li, ZHAO Ken-Tian. (2019) Patterns and affecting factors of nitrogen use efficiency of plant leaves and roots in Nei Mongol and Qinghai-Xizang Plateau grasslands . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(7): 566-575.
[9] Yang Yunhui, Bai Keyu, Jarvis Devra, Long Chunlin. (2019) Xishuangbanna cucumber landraces and associated traditional knowledge . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 743-748.
[10] Sun Beibei, Yu Cungen, Liu Hui, Yan Wenchao, Zhang Wenjun, Dai Dongxu. (2019) Spring and autumn shrimp and crab biodiversity in the east Nanji Islands . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 787-795.
[11] Ding Lubin, Ma Nan, Wang Guoping, He Siyuan, Min Qingwen. (2019) Visual analysis of hotspots and emerging trends in traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 716-727.
[12] Kong Jiaxin, Zhang Zhaochen, Zhang Jian. (2019) Classification and identification of plant species based on multi-source remote sensing data: Research progress and prospect . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 796-812.
[13] MIAO Bai-Ling, LIANG Cun-Zhu, SHI Ya-Bo, LIANG Mao-Wei, LIU Zhong-Ling. (2019) Temporal changes in precipitation altered aboveground biomass in a typical steppe in Nei Mongol, China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(7): 557-565.
[14] Cao Ning, Xue Dayuan. (2019) On biodiversity conservation by Zhuang traditional culture: A case study in Jingxi City of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 728-734.
[15] Zhang Yuanyuan. (2019) China’s strategy for incorporating traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity into international multi-lateral agreements . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 708-715.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed