Biodiversity Science ›› 2011, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (4): 400-403.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.04040

• Special Issue • Previous Article     Next Article

Climate change issue in Convention on Biological Diversity: negotiations and focuses

Jun Wu1, Chengyi Zhang2, Haigen Xu1*   

  1. 1Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042

    2National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2011-03-04 Revised:2011-04-19 Online:2011-07-29
  • Haigen Xu

Recently, the issue of biodiversity and climate change is becoming a focus of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and parties to the convention have carried out heavy multilateral negotiations on the issue. This paper reviews the background pertaining to biodiversity and climate change, discusses the disputes and standpoints of major parties, and highlights two opposing groups: the developed countries rep-resented by the European Union (EU), and the mega-diversity developing countries represented by Brazil, Columbia and China. The main disputes of the negotiations include: (i) Expansion of the climate change con-cept: EU nations hope to expand consideration of climate change and integrate it into various issues within the CBD, and to promote synergy among three Rio Conventions (Convention on Biological Diversity, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and United Nations Convention to Combat Desertifica-tion). However, the developing countries are more leery of these tendencies. (ii) Geoengineering and ocean fertilization: EU suggests forbidding geoengineering and establishing a global management framework, whereas the developing countries suggest applying the “precautionary principle” to these issues. (iii) Reduc-ing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD): EU urges development of “Biodiversity Safeguards” for REDD, while the developing countries oppose this proposal. We surmise that the main rea-son for these debates is that the developing countries are afraid of being restricted by the EU and related de-veloped countries, and that these debates will become more fierce in the future. In the end, we proposes some strategies for debate resolution: (i) strengthen communication and coordination of relevant domestic agen-cies; (ii) summarize and propagandize successful practices and experiences in the area of climate change in China; and (iii) improve research on REDD mechanisms.

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (2000) COP5 Decision V/3: Progress report on the implementation of the programme of work on marine and coastal biological diversity (implementation of decision IV/5).

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (2001) Interlink between biological diversity and climate change: advice on the integration of biodiversity considerations into the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol.

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (2004) COP7 Decision VII/15: Biodiversity and climate change.

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (2006) COP8 Decision VIII/30: Biodiversity and climate change: guidance to promote synergy among activities for biodiversity conservation, mitigating or adapting to climate change and combating land degradation.

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (2008) COP9 Decision IX/16: Biodiversity and climate change.

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (2009) Connecting biodiversity and climate change mitigation and adaptation: report of the Second Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Biodiversity and Climate Change.

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (2010) COP10 Decision X/33: Biodiversity and climate change.

Intergovernmental Penal on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007) Climate change 2007: Synthesis Report: Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [eds Pachauri RK and Reisinger A]. Geneva, Switzerland.

Parmesan C, Yohe G (2003) A Globally Coherent Fingerprint of Climate Change Impacts across Natural Systems. Nature, 421:37-42.

Root TL, Price JT, Hall KR, Schneider SH, Rosenzweig C, Pounds JA (2003) Fingerprints of Global Warming on Wild Animals and Plants. Nature, 421:57-60.
No related articles found!
Full text