Biodiversity Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 485-495.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019351

• Original Papers: Animal Diversity • Previous Article     Next Article

Diversity and habitat selection of amphibians in rocky desertification area in northwestern Guizhou

Cunlu Wang, Hu Chen(), Hua Xiao, Hongmei Zhang, Linzhi Li, Cheng Guo, Jing Chen, Qiang Wei   

  1. School of Karst Science, Guizhou Normal University, State Engineering Technology Institute for Karst Rocky Desertification Control, Overseas Expertise Introduction Center for Discipline Innovation, State Key Laboratory Incubation Base for Karst Mountain Ecology Environment of Guizhou Province, Guiyang 550001
  • Received:2019-11-06 Accepted:2020-03-11 Online:2020-06-15
  • Hu Chen E-mail:gy_chenhu@163.com

Amphibian protection can be encouraged through vital amphibian diversity and habitat selection studies. In September to October 2018 and March to August 2019, a total of 5,688 amphibians were recorded from the Bijie Salaxi rocky desertification comprehensive control area. The amphibians collected belonged to 2 orders, 6 families, 9 genera and 10 species. Various metrics were used to understand amphibian diversity in various environmental conditions such as the Shannon-Wiener diversity index, Margalef richness index and Pielou evenness index. Additionally, the Sorenson similarity coefficient and cluster analysis were used to analyze community similarity and difference. The results showed that: (1) Glyphoglossus yunnanensis was the dominant species, Tylototriton kweichowensis, Oreolalax rhodostigmatus, Bufo gargarizans, and Hyla annectans, Rana chaochiaoensis were the common species, Microhyla butleri, Hylarana guentheri, Odorrana junlianensis, and Rana weiningensis were the rare species. (2) The abundance of species, individuals, and habitat types increased in no rocky desertification areas and potential rocky desertification areas than in the other three grades of rocky desertification areas. Additionally, the diversity index and richness index were the largest in the non-rocky desertification areas. (3) Between no rocky desertification areas and potential rocky desertification areas; potential rocky desertification areas, and no rocky desertification areas showed strong differences with the other three grade areas. This study shows rocky desertification habitat differences in karst areas is important to distribution differences among amphibians, and strengthening the ecological control of rocky desertification is an important way to protect amphibians in karst areas.

Key words: rocky desertification, karst, amphibians, diversity, habitat selection

Fig. 1

Distribution of amphibian study sampling sites in Bijie Salaxi rocky desertification comprehensive control area"

Table 1

Diversity index of amphibians in rocky desertification areas with different grades in Bijie Salaxi rocky desertification comprehensive control area"

石漠化等级
Grade of rocky
Shannon-Wiener多样性指数
Shannon-Wiener diversity index
Margalef丰富度指数
Margalef richness index
Pielou均匀度指数
Pielou evenness index
无石漠化 No rocky desertification 1.645 0.982 0.791
潜在石漠化 Potential desertification 0.414 0.954 0.199
轻度石漠化 Mild rocky desertification 0.974 0.721 0.887
中度石漠化 Moderate rocky desertification 0.688 0.334 0.993
强度石漠化 Intense rocky desertification 0.673 0.621 0.971

Fig. 2

Clustering results of amphibian communities in 30 quadrats in Bijie Salaxi rocky desertification comprehensive control area. A, No rocky desertification; B, Potential rocky desertification; C, Mild rocky desertification; D, Moderate rocky desertification; E, Intense rocky desertification."

Table 2

Similarity index of amphibian communities in 30 quadrats in Bijie Salaxi rocky desertification comprehensive control area"

Table 3

Habitat types of amphibians in different rocky desertification zones in Bijie Salaxi rocky desertification comprehensive control area"

Table 4

Distribution of amphibians in different habitats in Bijie Salaxi rocky desertification comprehensive control area"

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