Biodiversity Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 1330-1338.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019281

• Research Bulletin • Previous Article     Next Article

Characteristics and diversity of nekton functional groups in the coastal waters of south-central Zhejiang Province

Rijin Jiang1, 2, Linlin Zhang1, 2, Kaida Xu1, 2, *(), Pengfei Li1, 2, Yi Xiao1, 2, Ziwei Fan1, 2   

  1. 1 Marine Fisheries Research Institute of Zhejiang Province, Key Research Station for Fisheries Resources of Main Fishing Ground, Ministry of Agriculture, Key Research Station of Sustainable Utilization for Marine Fisheries Resources, Zhoushan, Zhejiang 316021
    2 Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan, Zhejiang 316021
  • Received:2019-09-08 Accepted:2019-11-23 Online:2020-01-14
  • Xu Kaida

To understand the status of nekton communities and diversity in the coastal waters of south-central Zhejiang Province, we carried out two bottom trawl surveys in April and May of 2016. By using diversity index and redundancy analysis, we studied the composition of functional groups. We divided 166 species of nekton into six functional groups according to their feeding habits. The average abundance percentage of zooplanktivores/piscivores functional group was the highest while that of benthivores functional group was the lowest. Meanwhile, the average biomass percentage of zooplanktivores functional group was the highest while that of detritivorous functional group was the lowest. The results of ANOSIM showed a significant monthly difference between functional group structure of nekton communities in April and May, and the mean value of functional group diversity was 1.30 and 1.23 in those months, respectively. Functional group diversity of nekton communities was significantly positively correlated with the total biomass of large individual species (body mass > 50 g), and functional group diversity was positively correlated with species diversity. Redundancy analysis showed that the piscivores functional group were greatly affected by temperature, while benthivores functional group was greatly affected by water depth. Through the analysis of functional group composition, we found the nekton community structure was stable in the coastal waters of south-central Zhejiang Province.

Key words: south-central Zhejiang Province, nekton, functional group, diversity, environmental factors

Fig. 1

The survey stations of fishery resource in the coastal waters of south-central Zhejiang Province"

Table 1

Abundance percentage and biomass percentage of different nekton functional groups in the coastal waters of south-central Zhejiang Province during April and May"

Functional group
Abundance percentage (%)
Biomass percentage (%)
4月 April 5月 May 4月 April 5月 May
浮游动物食性 Zooplanktivores functional group (FG1) 8.36 10.83 6.43 12.02
浮游动物/游泳动物食性 Zooplanktivores /Piscivores functional group (FG2) 33.19 61.23 17.13 25.09
游泳动物食性 Piscivores functional group (FG3) 7.11 7.73 27.55 30.74
底栖动物食性 Benthivores functional group (FG4) 1.89 1.00 9.17 8.87
碎屑食性 Detritivores functional group (FG5) 15.22 7.63 4.60 3.76
杂食性 Omnivores functional group (FG6) 34.22 11.58 35.12 19.52

Fig. 2

Species number of each nekton functional group in the coastal waters of south-central Zhejiang Province during April and May. Functional group codes are the same as in Table 1."

Fig. 3

The linear relationship between species diversity and functional diversity for the nekton community in the coastal waters of south-central Zhejiang Province"

Fig. 4

Redundancy analysis ordination diagrams for nekton functional groups and environmental factors in the coastal waters of south-central Zhejiang Province during April and May. SST, Surface temperature; SSS, Surface salinity; SSC, Surface chlorophyll; SSD, Surface dissolved oxygen; BST, Bottom temperature; BSS, Bottom salinity; BSC, Bottom chlorophyll; BSD, Bottom dissolved oxygen; Turb, Turbidity; Depth, Depth of water. Functional group codes are the same as in Table 1."

Table 2

Results of redundancy analysis of nekton functional groups and environmental factors in the coastal waters of south-central Zhejiang Province during April and May"

Environmental variables
4月 April 5月 May
RDA1 (30.25%) RDA2 (7.41%) RDA1 (34.65% ) RDA2 (7.22% )
表层温度 Surface temperature (SST) -0.15 -0.13 -0.40 0.12
表层盐度 Surface salinity (SSS) -0.62 0.16 -0.49 0.24
表层叶绿素 Surface chlorophyll (SSC) -0.11 -0.08 0.19 -0.15
表层溶解氧 Surface dissolved oxygen (SSD) -0.25 -0.13 0.45 -0.22
底层温度 Bottom temperature (BST) -0.78 0.09 -0.64 -0.13
底层盐度 Bottom salinity (BSS) -0.76 0.06 -0.56 0.21
底层叶绿素 Bottom chlorophyll (BSC) 0.68 0.00 0.47 -0.23
底层溶解氧 Bottom dissolved oxygen (BSD) 0.78 0.04 -0.05 -0.38
pH 0.19 0.17 0.20 0.05
浑浊度 Turbidity (Turb) 0.36 -0.16 -0.03 -0.11
水深 Depth of water (Depth) -0.80 0.03 -0.73 0.20
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