Biodiversity Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 99-106.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019158

• Editorial • Previous Article    

Incorporating species distribution model into the red list assessment and conservation of macrofungi: A case study with Ophiocordyceps sinensis

Yi Li1, 2, Zhiyao Tang3, Yujing Yan3, 4, Ke Wang2, 5, Lei Cai2, Jinsheng He3, Song Gu6, Yijian Yao2, *()   

  1. 1. College of Food Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225127
    2. State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    3. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    4. Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    5. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2019-05-08 Accepted:2019-08-01 Online:2019-12-24
  • Yijian Yao E-mail:yaoyj@im.ac.cn

China is rich in macrofungal biodiversity. However, many species have been threatened in recent years by human activity and climate change. Red list assessment is the first step towards species conservation. To protect this group of fungi, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China and the Chinese Academy of Sciences launched the Red List Assessment of Macrofungi in China in 2016. A reasonable assessment largely relies on the sufficient information of species’ geographic information, population numbers and sizes and population dynamics, which is lacked in most of macrofungal species. It is therefore necessary to employ new approaches to find and utilize more information for the assessment. Among the assessed species, Ophiocordyceps sinensis, which is an edible and medicinal fungus endemic to the Tibetan Plateau and its surrounding regions, has relatively abundant information. This species gained attention worldwide due to its obvious economic value and its importance to local societies. A species distribution modeling has also been an important component of its red list assessment. Here, we call on a previous study that aimed to predict the current potential distribution and to project the future distribution of Ophiocordyceps sinensis, and then we discuss how this modeling method can be employed in red list assessments to predict the current potential distribution and the range shifts of other macrofungal species in response to climate change. Challenges of using the model and possible solutions are also discussed. The species distribution modeling method is considered to have great potential for red list assessments and the subsequent conservation of macrofungi.

Key words: species distribution models, Ophiocordyceps sinensis, fungal conservation, biodiversity

Table 1

Assessment information of Ophiocordyceps sinensis"

分类地位 Taxonomy
界 Kingdom 门 Phylum 纲 Class 目 Order 科 Family
真菌界 Fungi 子囊菌门 Ascomycota 座囊菌纲 Sordariomycetes 肉座菌目 Hypocreales 线虫草科 Ophiocordycipitaceae
学名 Scientific name Ophiocordyceps sinensis
中文名 Chinese name 冬虫夏草
命名人 Species authority (Berk.) G.H. Sung, J.M. Sung, Hywel-Jones & Spatafora
分类备注 Taxonomic notes Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc.
Sphaeria sinensis Berk.
无性型名称 Hirsutella sinensis X.J. Liu, Y.L. Guo, Y.X. Yu & W. Zeng
anamorph: Hirsutella sinensis X.J. Liu, Y.L. Guo, Y.X. Yu & W. Zeng
评估信息 Assessment information
红色名录等级及标准
Red list category & criteria
易危 Vulnerable (VU), A2acd + 3cd
评估年份 Year published 2016
评估日期 Date assessed 2016/9/27
评定人 Assessor(s) 庄文颖, 李熠 Wen-Ying Zhuang, Yi Li
审定人 Reviewer(s) 吴兴亮, 李春如 Xing-Liang Wu, Chun-Ru Li
描述 Justification 相对于其他虫草类真菌, 冬虫夏草分布范围较广、种群密度和生物量更高, 由于受到人类过度采挖的影响, 其种群密度明显下降, 气候变化也影响了其分布范围。根据模型预测的结果, 气候变化导致的冬虫夏草分布区的丧失在未来的三、五十年内可能达到30%以上。
Ophiocordyceps sinensis has a wider distribution, higher population density and biomass comparing with other Cordyceps s. l. species. The population density was observed to decline due to over-harvesting, and its distribution was also reported to be affected by climate change. According to a study with species distribution modeling, over 30% of its current habitats will be lost in the next 30 to 50 years in response to future climate change.
地理分布 Geographic range
分布区 Range description 甘肃、青海、四川、云南、西藏 Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan, Tibet
分布国家 Countries occurrence 中国、尼泊尔、印度、不丹 China, Nepal, India, Bhutan
分布图 Range map
种群 Population
种群数量 Population size
种群趋势 Current population trend 衰退 Decreasing
附件信息 Additional data
生境 Habitat
生境 Habitat 高寒草甸、高山灌丛 Alpine meadow, alpine shrub
生态系统 Ecosystems
世代年限 Generation length (years)
商业用途 Use and trade
商业用途 Use and trade 珍稀食药用菌 A precious edible and medicinal fungus
威胁因子 Threats
主要威胁因子 Major threat (s) 气候变化、过度采挖 Climate change and over harvesting
保护行动 Conservation actions
保护行动 Conservation actions 该物种1999年被原林业部和农业部列为国家二级保护物种, 其分布地部分被保护区覆盖。建议对物种的种群动态进行监测, 选择合适的地点建立保护地, 采取必要的保护措施, 尤其是防止过度采挖利用, 减少采挖活动对其生境的影响。
Ophiocordyceps sinensis has been listed as endangered species under the Chinese Second Class of State Protection by the State Forestry Administration and Ministry of Agriculture since 1999. Part of its distribution areas is now covered by nature reserves. Suggested conservation actions include monitoring the bacterial population dynamics, selecting suitable distribution sites as natural reserves, developing essential protection measures to reduce the influence of collecting activity to its natural habitats, especially to prevent over-harvesting.
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