Biodiversity Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (8): 867-873.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019048

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Floristic of agarics and boletus in the Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains

Tolgor Bau(), Xueshan Wang, Peng Zhang   

  1. Engineering Research Center of Chinese Ministry of Education for Edible and Medicinal Fungi, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118
  • Received:2019-02-25 Accepted:2019-05-22 Online:2019-09-25
  • Bau Tolgor E-mail:junwusuo@126.com

The species diversity and geographical component of Agarics and Boletus in the Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains were studied from 2014 to 2016. A total of 3,363 fungal specimens were collected and identified into 661 species belonging to 1 phylum, 4 classes, 18 orders, 61 families and 180 genera. Among them, 185 species were edible, 92 species were medicinal, and 110 species were poisonous. There were 16 dominant families (containing equal and more than 10 species), accounting for 27.87% of the total number of families, and 519 species accounting for 78.51% of the total number of all Agarics and Boletus species. There were 45 families(containing less than 10 species), with 142 species accounting for 21.48% of the total number of species. There were 29 dominant genera which contain equal and more than 5 species, accounting for 16.11% of the total number of genera, and 412 species accounting for 62.33% of the total number of species. In the respect of the floristic composition, this region was mainly composed of the species belonging to north temperate zone distribution, world-wide distribution and Eurasia continent distribution. Among them, 216 species were only distributed in the north temperate zone occupying 32.68% of all species, 167 species were world-wide distribution occupying 25.26% of all species, and 161 species were only distributed in the Eurasia continent occupying 24.36% of all species in the Greater and Lesser Khinggan mountains.

Key words: Agarics and Boletus species, species diversity, floristic, dominant family, distribution type

Table 1

List of dominant families (≥ 10 species) of Agarics and Boletus in the Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains"


Family
属数
Genus
种数
Species
百分比
%
口蘑科 Tricholomataceae 17 68 10.29
丝膜菌科 Cortinariaceae 1 65 9.83
蘑菇科 Agaricaceae 16 63 9.53
球盖菇科 Strophariaceae 12 58 8.77
红菇科 Russulaceae 2 56 8.47
丝盖伞科 Inocybaceae 4 42 6.35
小菇科 Mycenaceae 5 27 4.08
粉褶菌科 Entolomataceae 4 25 3.78
类脐菇科 Omphalotaceae 5 18 2.72
蜡伞科 Hygrophoraceae 6 17 2.57
小皮伞科 Marasmiaceae 6 17 2.57
小脆柄菇 Psathyrellceae 5 15 2.27
牛肝菌科 Boletaceae 6 13 1.97
乳牛肝菌科 Suillaceae 2 13 1.97
离褶伞科 Lyophyllaceae 5 11 1.66
光柄菇科 Plutaceae 1 11 1.66
总计 Total 97 519 78.51

Table 2

List of dominant genera (≥ 5 species) of Agarics and Boletus in Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains"

属名
Genus
种数
Species
占比
%
习性
Habit
丝膜菌属 Cortinarius 65 9.83 地生 Earth
丝盖伞属 Inocybe 35 5.30 地生 Earth
红菇属 Russula 34 5.14 共生 Symbiosis
乳菇属 Lactarius 22 3.33 共生 Symbiosis
粉褶菌属 Entoloma 21 3.18 共生 Symbiosis
小菇属 Mycena 21 3.18 地生 Earth
杯伞属 Clitocybe 21 3.18 地生 Earth
蘑菇属 Agaricus 14 2.11 地生 Earth
盔孢菌属 Galerina 13 1.97 木生 Wood
乳牛肝菌属 Suillus 12 1.82 共生 Symbiosis
环柄菇属 Lepiota 11 1.66 地生 Earth
裸脚菇属 Gymnopus 11 1.66 木生 Wood
光柄菇属 Pluteus 11 1.66 木生 Wood
口蘑属 Tricholoma 11 1.66 地生 Earth
小皮伞属 Marasmius 10 1.51 木生 Wood
滑锈伞属 Hebeloma 10 1.51 地生 Earth
鳞伞属 Pholiota 10 1.51 木生 Wood
蜡蘑属 Laccaria 9 1.36 共生 Symbiosis
蜡伞属 Hygroporus 8 1.21 地生 Earth
裸伞属 Gymnopilus 8 1.21 木生 Wood
铦囊蘑属 Melanoleuca 8 1.21 共生 Symbiosis
香蘑属 Lepista 7 1.06 地生 Earth
鹅膏属 Amanita 6 0.91 共生 Symbiosis
离褶伞属 Lyophyllum 6 0.91 地生 Earth
小脆柄菇属 Psathyrella 6 0.91 木生 Wood
疣柄牛肝菌属 Leccinum 6 0.91 共生 Symbiosis
枝瑚菌属 Ramaria 6 0.91 地生 Earth
靴耳属 Crepidotus 5 0.76 共生 Symbiosis
斑褶菇属 Panaeolus 5 0.76 共生 Symbiosis
总计 Total 412 62.33
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