Biodiversity Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 51-63.doi: 10.17520/biods.2018182

• Original Papers • Previous Article     Next Article

Evaluation of ecosystem service value based on land use scenarios: A case study of Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot

Sun Xiaoping1, Li Shuang1, Yu Jianping3, Fang Yanjun4, Zhang Yinlong1, *(), Cao Mingchang2, *()   

  1. 1 Collaborative Innovation Center of Sustainable Forestry in Southern China of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037
    2 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China, Nanjing 210042;
    3 Center of Ecology and Resources, Qianjiangyuan National Park, Kaihua, Zhejiang 324300
    4 Kaihua Environmental Protection Bureau, Kaihua, Zhejiang 324300
  • Received:2018-07-02 Accepted:2018-12-24 Online:2019-03-15
  • Zhang Yinlong,Cao Mingchang;

Land use change is one of the main drivers to change of biodiversity and ecosystem services. It is important for decision-making of government to assess impacts of land use change on biodiversity and ecosystem service. The Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot (QNPP), located at the headwaters of the Qiangtang River, covers 252 km 2, and it is also a National Key Ecological Function Zone. In this study, We designed four land use change scenarios in 2025 for QNPP, i.e., business as usual, strategic planning, ecological protection, and development. Furthermore, the change in ecosystem services and its value in QNPP were evaluated under four scenarios by InVEST (Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Trade-offs) model and CLUE-S (Conversions of Land Use and its Effects at Small Regional Extent) model. The ecosystem services in this assessment include water yield, water conservation, carbon sequestration and oxygen release, soil conservation, environmental purification, and habitat quality. Our results show that: (1) the value of ecosystem services in core protected areas and ecological conservation areas accounts for 88.30% of total value of QNPP; (2) the value of ecosystem services of QNPP in the ecological protection scenario is the highest (12.917 billion RMB yuan), and ranks the second in the strategic planning scenario (12.692 billion RMB yuan); and (3) the water yield in the strategic planning scenario is superior to that in the ecological protection scenario, while other ecosystem services are inferior to that in the ecological protection scenario. Strategic planning scenario is an optimal land use strategy in 2025 since QNPP play a key role in providing water resources for the downstream.

Key words: ecosystem service, land use change scenarios, InVEST model, CLUE-S Model

Fig. 1

Land use and land cover of the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot. (a) 2010; (b) 2015."

Table 1

Land use/land cover of the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot between 2015 and 2025"

Land use type (ha)
2015 自然发展情景
Business as usual
Strategic planning
Ecological protection
阔叶林 Broad-leaved forest 17,166.9 17,369.7 17,962.9 19,074.8 17,123.6
针叶林 Coniferous forest 4,670.1 4,655.0 4,634.3 4,383.9 4,652.9
针阔混交林 Mixed broadleaf-conifer forest 1,412.2 1,409.2 1,286.7 1,248.8 1,404.1
灌木林 Shrubbery 957.3 953.3 665.8 124.4 937.6
园地 Garden 24.2 23.6 11.1 13.3 18.9
草丛 Grassland 159.9 158.4 154.8 39.7 151.1
水田 Paddy field 388.4 234.9 142.0 13.1 306.2
旱地 Dry land 98.6 96.9 13.8 3.8 79.9
水域 Water area 148.0 120.4 148.5 148.0 148.0
建设用地 Built-up land 57.3 59.3 65.3 36.4 263.5
裸地 Unused land 4.1 6.3 1.8 0.8 1.2
合计 Total 25,087 25,087 25,087 25,087 25,087

Fig. 2

Land use types of the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot in 2025. (a) Business as usual; (b)Strategic planning; (c) Ecological protection; (d) Development."

Table 2

The quality of ecosystem services of different functional areas in 2015"

Core protection area
conservation area
Recreation area
Traditional utilization area
供给服务 Provisioning services
水资源供给 Water yield (×104 m3) 6,721.613 19,460.106 682.811 4,457.063
调节服务 Regulating services
涵养水源 Water conservation (×104 m3) 639.814 840.122 59.338 136.947
土壤保持 Soil conservation (×104 t) 546.608 721.516 29.546 96.026
固碳量 Carbon sequestration (×104 t) 183.773 258.128 13.635 34.921
释氧量 Oxygen release (×104 t) 135.294 190.033 10.038 25.708
环境净化 Environment purification
SO2吸收 SO2 absorption (t) 996.312 1,504.517 104.472 225.932
滞尘清理 Clean detaining dust (×104 t) 11.553 22.016 0.738 1.874
N输出量 Nitrogen output (t) 11.198 31.121 12.083 59.054
P输出量 Phosphorus output (t) 0.466 1.411 0.418 2.262
栖息地服务 Supporting services
生境质量得分 Habitat quality 0.936 0.888 0.855 0.815
最优生境质量面积 Area of the optimal habitat quality (km2) 70.633 89.032 3.845 8.933

Fig. 3

The value and percentage of ecosystem services of different functional areas in 2015. (a) The value of ecosystem services of different functional areas; (b) The percentage of ecosystem services of different functional areas"

Table 3

The quality of ecosystem services under various land use scenarios"

2015 自然发展情景
Business as usual
Strategic planning
Ecological protection
供给服务 Provisioning services
水资源供给 Water yield (×104 m3) 31,321.593 31,306.852 31,199.755 30,900.282 31,355.505
调节服务 Regulating services
涵养水源 Water conservation (×104 m3) 1,676.222 1,682.344 1,687.435 1,665.958 1,674.278
土壤保持 Soil conservation (×104 t) 1,393.696 1,394.248 1,394.778 1,395.213 1,394.026
固碳释氧 Carbon fixation and oxygen release
固碳量 Carbon sequestration (×104 t) 490.457 492.860 499.544 514.359 488.556
释氧量 Oxygen release (×104 t) 361.073 362.841 367.762 378.669 359.673
环境净化 Environment purification
SO2吸收 SO2 absorption (t) 2,831.233 2,853.432 2,902.315 3,005.724 2,822.379
滞尘清理 Clean detaining dust (×104 t) 36.181 36.328 36.548 36.689 36.059
N输出量 Nitrogen output (t) 113.456 90.301 59.424 42.602 94.647
P输出量 Phosphorus output (t) 4.557 3.507 2.206 1.463 3.700
栖息地服务 Supporting services
生境质量得分 Habitat quality 0.938 0.941 0.954 0.968 0.934
最优生境质量面积 Area of the optimal habitat quality (km2) 172.443 174.480 179.253 190.691 170.635

Fig. 4

The value of ecosystem services under different land use scenarios. (a) The value of multiple ecosystem services under different land use scenarios (×104 RMB yuan); (b) The total value of ecosystem services under different land use scenarios (×104 RMB yuan) "

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