Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (11): 1249-1254.doi: 10.17520/biods.2018111

• Forum • Previous Article    

Learning from international experience to promote the Global Partnership between Business and Biodiversity (GPBB) in China

Yang Zhao1, Yuanyuan Wen1, 2, *(), Lirong Yang1, Hongtao Li1   

  1. 1 Foreign Economic Corporation Office, Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing 100035;
    2 School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
  • Received:2018-04-12 Accepted:2018-08-14 Online:2019-01-08
  • Wen Yuanyuan
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward for the first time a new requirement that China should spearhead the construction of ecological civilization on global scale, of which biodiversity protection is an integral part. This paper systematically summarizes the major international experiences in promoting the Global Partnership for Business and Biodiversity (GPBB) advocated by the Convention on Biological Diversity, and gives policy proposals for China to promote the GPBB (or China Business and Biodiversity Partnership, CBBP). By analyzing GPBB practices in Germany, India, Canada, Peru, Australia, South Africa, Japan and South Korea, we find the main experience of these countries as follows: (1) the governments have important and varied roles, including management and providing funds or goods; (2) the patterns of organization are diverse, but usually they set up cross department decision-making bodies and secretarial offices; (3) membership generally requires signing agreements; some agreements focus on specific industries, some accord importance to institutional members; (4) the government generally provides legal and policy interpretation, knowledge and information dissemination, policy guidance and other services; (5) regarding funding, some mainly rely on the collection of membership dues while others rely on donations in kind or voluntary service, and some rely on PPP projects. We also draw the following conclusions: (1) a large number of enterprises are motivated and willing to participate in the Biodiversity Partnership Initiative; (2) the international resource network for promoting enterprise participation has been established; (3) limited by scale and capital, the participation of the vast enterprises requires more guidance and support of government. In 2015, China formally joined the GPBB. Although China has carried out several related activities to promote the GPBB, it still faces many challenges. First of all, the relevant documents have not been approved. Therefore, although many enterprises are willing to partner with China, there is a need to establish rules to follow. Secondly, China has not yet established a sound organizational mode and financial mechanism to promote GPBB. Finally, the 15th conference of the parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will be held in Beijing in 2020, which creates an urgent need to manage China’s partnership for business and biodiversity. In this regard, this paper suggests that the China Business and Biodiversity Partnership (CBBP) initiative should implement the two step strategy: (1) establish and launch the CBBP alliance initiative, and (2) increase the support of international conventions and state performance negotiations.

Key words: biodiversity, international experience, global partnership, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), business participation

[1] Wang AH, Wu JY, Liu JX (2015) Business and biodiversity: A review of the negotiation progress of a new issue under the Convention on Biological Diversity. Biodiversity Science, 23, 689-694. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王爱华, 武建勇, 刘纪新 (2015) 企业与生物多样性: 《生物多样性公约》新议题的产生与谈判进展. 生物多样性, 23, 689-694.]
[2] Zhang FC, Fang J, Yin GF (2014) Enterprises’ participation in biodiversity: Question, situation and approach. China WTO Tribune, (11), 71-75. (in Chinese)
[张风春, 方菁, 殷格非 (2014) 企业参与生物多样性的问题、现状与路径. WTO经济导刊, (11), 71-75.]
[3] Zhang FC, Liu WH (2015) Multi-stakeholder engaging mechanism for biodiversity conservation in China. Environmental Protection, (5), 29-33. (in Chinese)
[张风春, 刘文慧 (2015) 生物多样性保护多方利益相关者参与现状与机制构建研究. 环境保护, (5), 29-33.]
[4] Zhuang GT, Shen HB (2013) Biodiversity conservation: New problems and challenges. World Environment, (4), 16-21. (in Chinese)
[庄国泰, 沈海滨 (2013) 生物多样性保护面临的新问题和新挑战. 世界环境, (4), 16-21.]
[1] Xing Yuan, Wu Xiaoping, Ouyang Shan, Zhang Junqian, Xu Jing, Yin Senlu, Xie Zhicai. Assessment of macrobenthos biodiversity and potential human-induced stressors in the Ganjiang River system [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 648-657.
[2] Zou Anlong, Ma Suhui, Ni Xiaofeng, Cai Qiong, Li Xiuping, Ji Chengjun. Response of understory plant diversity to nitrogen deposition in Quercus wutaishanica forests of Mt. Dongling, Beijing [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 607-618.
[3] Liu Yan, Yang Yushuang. Importance of conservation priority areas for bryophyte biodiversity in Chongqing [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 677-682.
[4] Gui Xujun, Lian Juyu, Zhang Ruyun, Li Yanpeng, Shen Hao, Ni Yunlong, Ye Wanhui. Vertical structure and its biodiversity in a subtropical evergreen broad- leaved forest at Dinghushan in Guangdong Province, China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 619-629.
[5] Mu Jun, Wang Jiaojiao, Zhang Lei, Li Yunbo, Li Zhumei, Su Haijun. Field monitoring using infrared cameras and activity rhythm analysis on mammals and birds in Xishui National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 683-688.
[6] Zhang Xiaoling, Li Yichao, Wang Yunyun, Cai Hongyu, Zeng Hui, Wang Zhiheng. Influence of future climate change in suitable habitats of tea in different countries [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 595-606.
[7] Li Hanxi, Huang Xuena, Li Shiguo, Zhan Aibin. Environmental DNA (eDNA)-metabarcoding-based early monitoring and warning for invasive species in aquatic ecosystems [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(5): 491-504.
[8] Shao Xinning, Song Dazhao, Huang Qiaowen, Li Sheng, Yao Meng. Fast surveys and molecular diet analysis of carnivores based on fecal DNA and metabarcoding [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(5): 543-556.
[9] Zhu Baijing, Xue Jingrong, Xia Rong, Jin Miaomiao, Wu You, Tian Shanyi, Chen Xiaoyun, Liu Manqiang, Hu Feng. Effect of soil nematode functional guilds on plant growth and aboveground herbivores [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(4): 409-418.
[10] Ma Yanjie, He Haopeng, Shen Wenjing, Liu Biao, Xue Kun. Effects of transgenic maize on arthropod diversity [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(4): 419-432.
[11] Zhao Yang,Wen Yuanyuan. Development of Convention on Biological Diversity’s Global Platform for Business & Biodiversity: Policy suggestion for China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(3): 339-346.
[12] Qian Haiyuan,Yu Jianping,Shen Xiaoli,Ding Ping,Li Sheng. Diversity and composition of birds in the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(1): 76-80.
[13] Dai Yunchuan,Xue Yadong,Zhang Yunyi,Li Diqiang. Summary comments on assessment methods of ecosystem integrity for national parks [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(1): 104-113.
[14] Xueming Lei,Fangfang Shen,Xuechen Lei,Wenfei Liu,Honglang Duan,Houbao Fan,Jianping Wu. Assessing influence of simulated canopy nitrogen deposition and understory removal on soil microbial community structure in a Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 962-971.
[15] Anrong Liu,Teng Yang,Wei Xu,Zijian Shangguan,Jinzhou Wang,Huiying Liu,Yu Shi,Haiyan Chu,Jin-Sheng He. Status, issues and prospects of belowground biodiversity on the Tibetan alpine grassland [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 972-987.
Full text



[1] ZHOU Shuang-Xi, WU Dong-Xiu, ZHANG Lin, SHI Hui-Qiu. Effects of changing precipitation patterns on seedlings of Stipa grandis, a dominant plant of typical grassland of Inner Mongolia, China[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2010, 34(10): 1155 -1164 .
[2] Xu Guo-wan, Zhuo Rong-zong, Cao Hao, Li Xiang-gan. Annual Changes of Biomass of Spartina alterniflora and the Relationships Between Biomass and Tidal Land Habits[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1989, 13(3): 230 -235 .
[3] Wang Qing-feng, Chen Jia-kuan. Floral Organogenesis of Caldesia parnassifolia (Bassi ex L.) Parl. (Alismataceae)[J]. J Syst Evol, 1997, 35(4): 289 -292 .
[4] Chang-Qing Yang, Xin Fang, Xiu-Ming Wu, Ying-Bo Mao, Ling-Jian Wang, and Xiao-Ya Chen. Transcriptional Regulation of Plant Secondary Metabolism[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2012, 54(10): 703 -712 .
[5] Chen Cheih. On Medinilla Gaudich. of China in Relation to the Drift of the Indian Plate[J]. J Syst Evol, 1983, 21(4): 416 -422 .
[6] . [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1964, (1): 141 .
[7] Xu Ji. The Protective Protein of Nitrogenase Against Oxygen Damage-Fe-S Protein[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1986, 4(12): 1 -4 .
[8] QI Xin, CAO Kun-Fang, FENG Yu-Long. Photosynthetic Acclimation to Different Growth Light Environments in Seedlings of Three Tropical Rainforest Syzygium Species[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2004, 28(1): 31 -38 .
[9] . [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2007, 31(3): 548 .
[10] GAO Lian-Ming, LI De-Zhu, ZHANG Chang-Qin. Phylogenetic relationships of Rhododendron section Azaleastrum(Ericaceae) based on ITS sequences[J]. J Syst Evol, 2003, 41(2): 173 -179 .