Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 96-104.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017293

• Forum • Previous Article    

The University Forests of Japan and implications for biodiversity conservation and national park development in China

Shitao Xu1, Xiqiang Song1, Peng Ling1, Yuanjun Chen2, Mingxun Ren1, *()   

  1. 1 Research Center for Terrestrial Biodiversity of South China Sea, Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Forestry, Hainan University,Haikou 570228
    2 Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8657 Japan
  • Received:2017-10-30 Accepted:2018-01-05 Online:2018-05-05
  • Ren Mingxun
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

The University Forests of Japan are the forests and woodlands belonging to a university, which are established mainly for undergraduate education, scientific research, biodiversity conservation, and sometimes ecological tourism and wood production. Such systems of university forests are an important base for environmental protection and economic growth in Japan due to long-term stable conservation and utilization, resulting from clear responsibility, rights, and benefits. Currently, there are 30 universities that have university forests. In 1894, the University of Tokyo was the first university to set up a university forest. There are three main roles of a typical university forest, including agricultural and forestry education and practice, scientific research, and social service. University professors act as managers in charge of the university forest, and are engaged in both teaching and study, as well as management of the forest and determining how to open the forest to the public. Therefore, university forests can be a key platform for uniting education, research, conservation, and tourism. Such university forest systems help professors and the public to understand each other better and allow the public to get involved in biodiversity conservation. Currently, China is developing sustainable biodiversity conservation and national parks, therefore universities, especially those with agricultural and forestry colleges, should consider co-opting the university forest system utilized in Japan. Universities and professors should participate in the establishment and management of local nature reserves, national parks, city parks, or relatively isolated woodlands in these regions. When universities are engaged with the forest system, nature reserves, or national parks, academic knowledge and student participation can be of vital significance for the sustainable conservation of biodiversity and development of national parks in China.

Key words: Experimental forest, conservation biology, national park, nature education


Main University Forests in Japan. The forests in bold belongs to the University of Tokyo (Modified from National Committee of University Forests in Japan (2014)). The English names of the University Forests see Appendix 1."


The University Forests organization framework of the University of Tokyo"

1 Ding Z, Yao YJ, Song RQ (2006) Historical vicissitude for forest resources in Laoshan area of Maoershan Experimental Forest Farm. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 34(3), 87-89.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[丁壮, 姚余君, 宋日清 (2006) 帽儿山实验林场老山地区森林资源的历史变迁. 东北林业大学学报, 34(3), 87-89.]
2 Education and Research Center of the University Forests(2015) Graduate School of Agriculture and Life Sciences of the University of Tokyo. The University of Tokyo Forests Publishing House, Tokyo.
3 Kenitiroo N, Takeshi T, Makoto S, Hirokazu Y (2007) Chronological Notes of Tokyo University Forest in Chiba (6) The Monument to Professor Hazama Matsumo and Pioneers in Schooling Forestry in Japan, Enshulin (46). The University of Tokyo Forests Publishing House, Tokyo. (in Japanese)
4 Liu DL, Zheng XX (2010) The reform of higher forestry education and forestry science in Japan. Forestry Education in China, 25(6), 77-78.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘东兰, 郑小贤 (2010) 日本的高等林业教育改革与森林科学. 中国林业教育, 25(6), 77-78.]
5 Ma KP (2016) On key issues and possible solutions related to nature reserve management in China. Biodiversity Science, 24, 249-251.(in Chinese)
[马克平 (2016) 当前我国自然保护区管理中存在的问题与对策思考. 生物多样性, 24, 249-251.]
6 Ma KP (2017) A significant achievement in the development of national parks in China. Biodiversity Science, 25, 1031-1032.(in Chinese)
[马克平 (2017) 中国国家公园建设取得标志性进展. 生物多样性, 25, 1031-1032.]
7 Mao XB (2016) Report on the mechanism and institution of Experimental Station of Zhejiang University. Modern Technology of Agriculture, 20, 279-281.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[毛学斌 (2016) 浙江大学农业实验站(农业科技园)体制机制调研报告. 现代农业科技, 20, 279-281.]
8 National Committee of University Forests in Japan(2014) The University Forest in Japan, 120 Years Anniversary for University Forests. The Association of University Forests Publishing House, Tokyo.
9 National Green Promotion Service (2007) Survey on Schooling Forests. Forestry Department of Japan, Tokyo. (in Japanese)
10 Norihiko S (2012) 100 Highlights of the University of Tokyo Forests. The University of Tokyo Forests Publishing House, Tokyo. (in Japanese)
11 Ouyang SY (1986) Report of forestry field trip to Japan. Jiangxi Forestry Science, 5(3), 1-4.(in Chinese)
[欧阳绍仪 (1986) 赴日林业考察报告. 江西林业科技, 5(3), 1-4.]
12 Saburo A (1984) Forest Outline of National University. National Committee of University Forests Publishing House, Tokyo.
13 Seoul National University Forest(2013) Proceedings, Value of the University Forests and Social Contribution. International Symposium of East Asia University Forests, Seoul National University Forest Publishing House, Seoul.
14 Takemoto T (2009) Schooling Forest Research. Rural Culture Association Publishing House,Tokyo.
15 The University of Tokyo Forests(2012) Enshulin No.51. The University of Tokyo Forests Publishing House, Tokyo.
16 Wang YN (2008) Management Plan of the Experimental Forest, College of Bioresource and Agriculture, Taiwan University (2008-2018), Taipei.
[王亚男(2008) 台湾大学生物资源暨农学院实验林经营计划书(2008-2018). 台湾大学生物资源暨农学院, 台北.
17 Wu SR, Shiraishi N (2015) A study on the characteristics of talent cultivation in the University of Tokyo in Japan and its enlightenment—taking the cultivation of forest science talents as an example. Forestry Education in China, 33(6), 72-77.(in Chinese)
[吴守蓉, 白石则彦 (2015) 日本东京大学人才培养特色的探析及其启示——以森林科学人才培养为例. 中国林业教育, 33(6), 72-77.]
18 Zhang JH, Bai L (2002a) Nature park development and outline in Japan. Chinese Landscaping, 18(5), 87-90.(in Chinese)
[章俊华, 白林 (2002a) 日本自然公园的发展与概况. 中国园林, 18(5), 87-90.]
19 Zhang JH, Bai L (2002b) Nature park development and outline in Japan(continued). Chinese Landscaping, 18(6), 77-80.(in Chinese)
[章俊华, 白林 (2002b) 日本自然公园的发展与概况. 中国园林, 18(6), 77-80.]
20 Zhang JY, Zhang YJ (2017) On public participation in the construction of national parks. Biodiversity Science, 25, 80-87.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[张婧雅张玉钧 (2017) 论国家公园建设的公众参与. 生物多样性, 25, 80-87.]
21 Zhang YJ (2014) Model of identification, planning and management of national parks in Japan. In: 20 Years Anniversary of Annual Merits Papers Collection in 2014 of Chinese Association of Parks. Chinese Association of Parks, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[张玉钧 (2014) 日本国家公园的选定、规划与管理模式. 见: 2014年中国公园协会成立20周年优秀文集. 中国公园协会, 北京.]
22 Zou GH (2005) On the historical causes of the sustainability of Japanese forest. Journal of Beijing Forestry University (Social Sciences), 4(2), 12-17.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[邹国辉 (2005) 日本森林延续至今的历史原因. 北京林业大学学报(社会科学版), 4(2), 12-17.]
[1] Wenying Zhuang,Yi Li,Huandi Zheng,Zhaoqing Zeng,Xincun Wang. (2020) Threat status of non-lichenized macro-ascomycetes in China and its threatening factors . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 26-40.
[2] Ma Tonghui, Lü Cai, Lei Guangchun. (2019) The spatial overlapping analysis for China’s natural protected area and countermeasures for the optimization and integration of protected area system . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 758-771.
[3] Chen Xing, Zhao Lianjun, Hu Xixi, Luo Chunping, Liang Chunping, Jiang Shiwei, Liang Lei, Zheng Weichao, Guan Tianpei. (2019) Impact of livestock terrain utilization patterns on wildlife: A case study of Wanglang National Nature Reserve . Biodiv Sci, 27(6): 630-637.
[4] Lü Zhongmei. (2019) Systematic legislation for nature conservation with national parks as the main body . Biodiv Sci, 27(2): 128-136.
[5] Tang Fanglin, Yan Yan, Liu Wenguo. (2019) Construction progress of national park system in China . Biodiv Sci, 27(2): 123-127.
[6] Wang Yi, Huang Baorong. (2019) Institutional reform for building China’s national park system: Review and prospects . Biodiv Sci, 27(2): 117-122.
[7] Jianping Yu,Jiangyue Wang,Huiyun Xiao,Xiaonan Chen,Shengwen Chen,Sheng Li,Xiaoli Shen. (2019) Camera-trapping survey of mammalian and avian biodiversity in Qianjiangyuan National Park, Zhejiang Province . Biodiv Sci, 27(12): 1339-1344.
[8] Zhang Chen,Guo Xin,Weng Sutong,Gao Jun,Fu Jing. (2019) Cross-border governance system construction of Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot by referring to the experience of French regional parks . Biodiv Sci, 27(1): 97-103.
[9] Dai Yunchuan,Xue Yadong,Zhang Yunyi,Li Diqiang. (2019) Summary comments on assessment methods of ecosystem integrity for national parks . Biodiv Sci, 27(1): 104-113.
[10] Wang Yufei,Su Hongqiao,Zhao Xinrui,Su Yang,Luo Min. (2019) Conservation easement-inspired adaptive management methods for natural protected areas: A case study on Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot . Biodiv Sci, 27(1): 88-96.
[11] Yu Jianping,Shen Yunyi,Song Xiaoyou,Chen Xiaonan,Li Sheng,Shen Xiaoli. (2019) Evaluating the effectiveness of functional zones for black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons) protection in Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot site . Biodiv Sci, 27(1): 5-12.
[12] Qian Haiyuan,Yu Jianping,Shen Xiaoli,Ding Ping,Li Sheng. (2019) Diversity and composition of birds in the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot . Biodiv Sci, 27(1): 76-80.
[13] Li Shuang,Sun Xiaoping,Fang Yanjun,Zhang Yinlong,Cao Mingchang. (2019) Evaluation of the spatial characteristics of farmer livelihood assets in the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot . Biodiv Sci, 27(1): 64-75.
[14] Li Jie,Li Weiyue,Fu Jing,Gao Jun,Yang Lei,He Weihang. (2019) Using low-altitude UAV remote sensing to identify national park functional zoning boundary: A case study in Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot . Biodiv Sci, 27(1): 42-50.
[15] Zhigang Jiang. (2018) On classification of protected areas and the construction of China’s Protected Area System with national parks as a leading part . Biodiv Sci, 26(7): 775-779.
Full text