Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (2): 177-184.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017152

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

The distribution, population and conservation status of Przewalski’s gazelle, Procapra przewalskii

Xiaoge Ping1, 2, Chunwang Li1, 2, Chunlin Li3, Songhua Tang1, 2, Hongxia Fang1, Shaopeng Cui1, 2, Jing Chen1, Enguang Wang4, Yubang He5, Ping Cai4, Yu Zhang4, Yonglin Wu5, Zhigang Jiang1, 2, *()   

  1. 1 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    3 School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Anhui University, Hefei 230039
    4 Qinghai Forestry Bureau, Xining 810001
    5 Qinghai Lake National Nature Reserve Bureau, Xining 810008
  • Received:2017-05-23 Accepted:2017-08-15 Online:2018-05-05
  • Jiang Zhigang
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

We conducted surveys on the distribution, population, and conservation status of Przewalski’s gazelle, Procapra przewalskii, using the total count method in 2014 and 2015. Przewalski’s gazelle was found in 12 separate locations around Qinghai Lake. Compared with results from the First National Wildlife Survey, several new locations were found, and both the distribution range and area were enlarged. At least 1,238 individuals were found around Qinghai Lake. Compared with survey results collected after 2010, the population size of Przewalski’s gazelle reached a relatively stable level. Although four locations of Przewalski’s gazelle were under the protection of the Qinghai Lake National Nature Reserve, and special conservation areas and protection stations for the gazelle were also established, overall conservation efforts are still insufficient. A nature reserve that is specifically focused on the conservation of Przewalski’s gazelle should be established in the Upper Buha River of the Shengge-Kuaierma region in Tianjun County. Moreover, proper ecological compensation mechanisms should be developed to resolve the contradiction between conservation and economic development. Considering the fast growth of the captive-bred population, future reintroductions should be conducted in suitable locations within the historical range of this gazelle outside the Qinghai Lake basin.

Key words: total count, population size, distribution, conservation status, conservation planning

Fig. 1

Distribution sites and the location of a proposed nature reserve for Przewalski’s gazelle. Distribution sites were Yuanzhe (YZ), Hudong (HD), Ketu (KT), Sand Island (SI), Ganzihe (GZ), Taliexuanguo (TL), Haergai (HG), Bird Island (BI), Shengge (SG), Kuaierma (KM), Wayu (WY) and Ranquhu (RQ)."

Table 1

Population size of Przewalski’s gazelle in each survey site around the Qinghai Lake"

Survey site
观测到的个体数 No. of individuals
Jan., 2014
Sept., 2015
元者 Yuanzhe 64 21
湖东 Hudong 32 25
克图 Ketu 13 11
沙岛 Sand Island 11 73
甘子河 Ganzihe 175 59
哈尔盖 Haergai 235 451
生格 Shengge 171 110
快尔玛 Kuaierma 116 68
哇玉 Wayu 191 13
塔列宣果 Taliexuanguo 43 23
鸟岛 Bird Island 56 19
然去乎 Ranquhu 131 0
总计 Total 1,238 873
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