Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (8): 816-822.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017009

• Original Papers: Plant Diversity • Previous Article     Next Article

Families and genera of seed plants in relation to biogeographical origin on Hainan Island

Hua Zhu*()   

  1. Center for Integrative Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303
  • Received:2017-01-05 Accepted:2017-03-20 Online:2017-08-31
  • Zhu Hua

The theory that Hainan Island could have been in contact with northern Vietnam and Guangxi during the Eocene and drifted to its present location by moving southeast with the uplift of the Himalayas and extrusion of the Indochina block was recently suggested. To further discuss the biogeographical origin of Hainan Island, 5 families and 36 genera of seed plants on the island were examined in this paper. These families and genera have species that show a distribution pattern of southern and southeastern Yunnan, southwestern Guangxi, and Hainan in China. Life forms of these taxa include trees, shrubs, lianas and herbs, which are present in various tropical forests in these regions. The logical and reasonable explanation for the distribution pattern is that Hainan Island could have been in contact with northern Vietnam and Guangxi. This paper presents information on these families and genera of biogeographical importance, specifically in relation to the origin of Hainan Island for further studies on molecular biogeography, phylogeography and genetic diversity.

Key words: seed plants, distribution, biogeographical origin, Hainan Island

[1] APG (2009) An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161, 105-121.
[2] Ashton PS (1982) .Dipterocarpaceae.. In: Flora Malesiana, Series I, 9(2) (ed. van Steenis CGGJ). National Herbarium of the Netherlands, The Netherlands.
[3] Chase MW, Reveal JL (2009) A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161, 122-127.
[4] Editorial Committee of Flora of China(1989-2013) Flora of China, Vols. 1-25. Science Press, Beijing & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St Louis.
[5] Francisco-Ortega J, Wang ZS, Wang GF, Xing FW, Liu H, Xu H, Xu WX, Luo YB, Song XQ, Gale S, Boufford DE, Maunder M, An SQ (2010a) Endemic seed plant species from Hainan Island: a checklist. Botanical Review, 76, 295-345.
[6] Francisco-Ortega J, Wang ZS, Wang GF, Xing FW, Liu H, Xu H, Xu WX, Luo YB, Song XQ, Gale S, Boufford DE, Maunder M, An SQ (2010b) Seed plant endemism on Hainan Island: a framework for conservation actions. Botanical Review, 76, 346-376.
[7] Fu LL, Shen ZY, He L, Dong CW, Cheng XG, Tang LM, Yang SF (2010) Cretaceous paleomagnetic results from Hainan Island and its tectonic implications. Acta Geologica Sinica, 84, 183-194. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[付璐露, 沈忠悦, 贺丽, 董传万, 程晓敢, 唐立梅, 杨树锋 (2010) 海南岛白垩纪古地磁结果及其构造地质意义. 地质学报, 84, 183-194.]
[8] Guangdong Institute of Botany(1976) Vegetation of Guangdong, pp. 41-97. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[广东植物研究所(1976) 广东植被, 41-97页. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[9] Jin JH, Shen RJ, Liao WB (2008) Analysis of the families of Cenozoic spermatophytic flora in Hainan Island. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 28, 2125-2131. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[金建华, 沈如江, 廖文波 (2008) 海南岛新生代种子植物区系科的多样性分析. 西北植物学报, 28, 2125-2131.]
[10] Li ZX, Metcalfe I, Wang XF (1995) Vertical-axis block rotations in southwestern China since the Cretaceous: new Paleomagnetic results from Hainan Island. Geophysical Research Letters, 22, 3071-3074.
[11] Lin XD, Zong YQ (1987) More on the origin of the Qiongzhou Strait. Tropical Geography, 7, 338-345. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[林晓东, 宗永强 (1987) 再论琼州海峡成因. 热带地理, 7, 338-345.]
[12] Liu YY, Morinaga H (1999) Cretaceous palaeomagnetic results from Hainan Island in South China supporting the extrusion model of Southeast Asia. Tectonophysics, 301, 133-144.
[13] Ma Y, Li SZ, Liu X, Zhao SJ, Yu S, Wang XF, Zhang BK (2014) Formation mechanism of the Beibuwan Basin, South China. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition), 44, 1727-1736. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[马云, 李三忠, 刘鑫, 赵淑娟, 余珊, 王霄飞, 张丙坤 (2014) 华南北部湾盆地的形成机制. 吉林大学学报(地球科学版), 44, 1727-1736.]
[14] Meimberg H, Rischer H, Turini FG, Chamchumroon V, Dreyer M (2009) Evidence for species differentiation within the Ancistrocladus tectorius complex (Ancistrocladaceae) in Southeast Asia: a molecular approach. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 284, 77-98.
[15] Mo YQ, Shi YS (1987) Palaeomagnatic study and tectonic evolution of Hainan Terrane and its vicinal continental coast the Late Mesozoic to Cenozoic. Journal of Nanjing University (Natural Science Edition), 23, 521-532. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[莫宴情, 施央申 (1987) 海南岛地体及其毗邻陆缘晚中生代-新生代古地磁研究和构造演化. 南京大学学报(自然科学版), 23, 521-532.]
[16] Ng SC, Lin JY (2008) A new distribution record for Trigonobalanus verticillata (Fagaceae) from Hainan Island, South China. Kew Bulletin, 63, 341-344.
[17] Nixon KC, Crepet WL (1989) Trigonobalanus (Fagaceae): taxonomic status and phylogenetic relationships. American Journal of Botany, 76, 828-841.
[18] Rangin C, Klein M, Roques D, Pichon XL, Le VT (1995) The Red River fault system in the Tonkin Gulf, Vietnam. Tectonophysics, 243, 209-222.
[19] Taylor CM, Gereau RE, Walters GM (2005) Revision of Ancistrocladus Wall. (Ancistrocladaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 92, 360-399.
[20] Wen B (2011) Changes in the moisture and germination of recalcitrant Hopea mollissima seeds (Dipterocarpaceae) in different desiccation regimes. Seed Science and Technology, 39, 214-218.
[21] Wu TL, Xing FW, Ye HG, Li ZX, Chen BH (1996a) Study on the spermatophytic flora of South China Sea Islands. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 4(1), 1-22. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[吴德邻, 邢福武, 叶华谷, 李泽贤, 陈炳辉 (1996a) 南海岛屿种子植物区系地理的研究. 热带亚热带植物学报, 4(1), 1-22. ]
[22] Wu TL, Xing FW, Ye HG, Li ZX, Chen BH (1996b) Study on the spermatophytic flora of South China Sea Islands (continue). Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 4(2), 1-11. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[吴德邻, 邢福武, 叶华谷, 李泽贤, 陈炳辉 (1996b) 南海岛屿种子植物区系地理的研究(续). 热带亚热带植物学报, 4(2), 1-11.]
[23] Wu ZY, Sun H, Zhou ZK, Li DZ, Peng H (2010) Floristics of Seed Plants from China. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[吴征镒, 孙航, 周浙昆, 李德铢, 彭华 (2010) 中国种子植物区系地理. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[24] Wu ZY, Wu SG (1996) A proposal for a new floristic kingdom (realm): the Asiatic kingdom, its delineation and characteristics. In: Floristic Characteristics and Diversity of East Asian Plants (eds Zhang AL, Wu SG). China Higher Education Press, Beijing; Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.
[25] Xing FW, Chen HF, Qin XS, Zhang RJ, Zhou JS (2014) Illustrated Handbook of Plants in Tropical Rainforest Area of China: Plants of Hainan. Vols. I-III. Huazhong Science and Technology Press, Wuhan. (in Chinese)
[邢福武, 陈红锋, 秦新生, 张荣京, 周劲松 (2014) 中国热带雨林地区植物图鉴: 海南植物 (I-III). 华中科技大学出版社, 武汉.]
[26] Xing FW, Zhou JS, Wang FG, Zeng QW, Yi QF, Liu DM (2012) Inventory of Plant Species Diversity of Hainan. Huazhong Science and Technology Press, Wuhan. (in Chinese)
[邢福武, 周劲松, 王发国, 曾庆文, 易绮斐, 刘东明 (2012) 海南植物物种多样性编目. 华中科技大学出版社, 武汉.]
[27] Yan P, Deng H, Liu HL, Zhang ZR, Jiang YK (2006) The temporal and spatial distribution of volcanism in the South China Sea region. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27, 647-659.
[28] Yang XB (2013) Plant List of Hainan. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[杨小波 (2013) 海南植物名录. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[29] Yao YF, Bera S, Ferguson DK, Mosbrugger V, Paudayal KN, Jin JH, Li CS (2009) Reconstruction of paleovegetation and paleoclimate in the Early and Middle Eocene, Hainan Island, China. Climatic Change, 92, 169-189.
[30] Zhang CC, Liu LF (1983) Angiosperma flora of Hainan. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunyatseni, (3), 67-73. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[张超常, 刘兰芳 (1983) 海南岛被子植物区系. 中山大学学报(自然科学版), (3), 67-73.]
[31] Zhang HD (2001) The diversity of the Hainan flora. Ecologic Science, 20, 1-9. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[张宏达 (2001) 海南植物区系的多样性. 生态科学, 20, 1-9.]
[32] Zhang HN (1996) Volcanism marks for rift valley of Qiongzhou strait. Seismological and Geomangnetic Observation and Research, 17(4), 42-50. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[张虎男 (1996) 琼州海峡裂谷成因的火山活动标志. 地震地磁观测与研究, 17(4), 42-50]
[33] Zhang HN (1990) Basic characteristics of Cenozoic volcanism in coastal area of South China. Northeastern Seismological Research, 6(1), 63-75. (in Chinese)
[张虎男 (1990) 华南沿海新生代火山活动的基本特征. 东北地震研究, 6(1), 63-75.]
[34] Zhang HN, Chen WG (1987) A search for the cause of Qiongzhou Strait. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 9, 594-602.
[张虎男, 陈伟光 (1987) 琼州海峡成因初探. 海洋学报, 9, 594-602.]
[35] Zhao HT, Wang LR, Yuan JY (2007) Origin and time of Qiongzhou Stait. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 27(2), 33-40.
[36] Zhao JL, Zhang L, Dayanandan S, Nagaraju S, Liu DM, Li QM (2013) Tertiary origin and Pleistocene diversification of dragon blood tree (Dracaenacam bodiana-Asparagaceae) populations in the Asian tropical forests. PLoS ONE, 8, e60102.
[37] Zhao W, Shen RJ, Liao WB, Jin JH (2009) Eocene Palynoflora from Changchang Basin, Hainan Island. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition), 39, 379-396. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[赵炜, 沈如江, 廖文波, 金建华 (2009) 海南岛长昌盆地始新世孢粉植物区系. 吉林大学学报(地球科学版), 39, 379-396.]
[38] Zhu H (2004) Biogeographical implications of some plant species from a tropical montane rain forest in southern Yunnan. Chinese Geographical Science, 14, 221-226.
[39] Zhu H (2016) Biogeographical evidences help revealing the origin of Hainan Island. PLoS ONE, 11, e0151941.
[40] Zhu H, Roos MC (2004) The tropical flora of southern China and its affinity to Indo-Malesian flora. Telopea, 10, 639-648.
[41] Zhu H, Wang H, Li BG (1996) Stauranthera, a new record from China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 18, 144. (in Chinese)
[朱华, 王洪, 李保贵 (1996) 十字苣苔属一新记录种. 云南植物研究, 18, 144.]
[42] Zhu H, Zhou SS (2017) A primitive Cupuliferae plant Trigonobalanus verticillata found in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan and its biogeographical significance. Plant Science Journal, 35(2), 205-206. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[朱华, 周仕顺 (2017) 壳斗科原始植物轮叶三棱栎在云南西双版纳的发现及其生物地理意义. 植物科学学报, 35(2), 205-206.]
[43] Zhu WH, Xiang QB (2001) The origin and distribution of genus Diplopanax Hand.-Mazz. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University, 25(1), 35-38. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[朱伟华, 向其柏 (2001) 马蹄参属的起源和地理分布. 南京林业大学学报, 25(1), 35-38. ]
[1] Minxia Liu,Quandi Li,Xiaoxuan Jiang,Sujuan Xia,Xiaoning Nan,Yaya Zhang,Bowen Li. (2020) Contribution of rare species to species diversity and species abundance distribution pattern in the Gannan subalpine meadow . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 107-116.
[2] Yi Li,Zhiyao Tang,Yujing Yan,Ke Wang,Lei Cai,Jinsheng He,Song Gu,Yijian Yao. (2020) Incorporating species distribution model into the red list assessment and conservation of macrofungi: A case study with Ophiocordyceps sinensis . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 99-106.
[3] HU Wan,ZHANG Zhi-Yong,CHEN Lu-Dan,PENG Yan-Song,WANG Xu. (2020) Changes in potential geographical distribution of Tsoongiodendron odorum since the Last Glacial Maximum . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(1): 44-55.
[4] ZHANG Xue-Jiao, GAO Xian-Ming, JI Cheng-Jun, KANG Mu-Yi, WANG Ren-Qing, YUE Ming, ZHANG Feng, TANG Zhi-Yao. (2019) Response of abundance distribution of five species of Quercus to climate change in northern China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 774-782.
[5] WU Pan,PENG Xi-Qiang,YANG Shu-Ren,GAO Ya-Nan,BAI Feng-Hua,YI Shi-Jie,DU Ning,GUO Wei-Hua. (2019) Spatial distribution patterns and correlation of Tamarix chinensis population in coastal wetlands of Shandong, China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 817-824.
[6] Yanjiang Liu,Xueyang Li,Xuchang Liang,Yanlin Liu,Chen Cheng,Juan Li,Piaopiao Tang,Huiyuan Qi,Xiaoxing Bian,Bing He,Rui Xing,Sheng Li,Xiaogang Shi,Chuangming Yang,Yadong Xue,Xinming Lian,Awangjiumei ,Xierannima ,Dazhao Song,Lingyun Xiao,Zhi Lü. (2019) Where and How many? The status of snow leopard (Panthera uncia) density surveys and knowledge gaps in China . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 919-931.
[7] TANG Li-Li,ZHANG Mei,ZHAO Xiang-Lin,KANG Mu-Yi,LIU Hong-Yan,GAO Xian-Ming,YANG Tong,ZHENG Pu-Fan,SHI Fu-Chen. (2019) Species distribution and community assembly rules of Juglans mandshurica in North China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 753-761.
[8] Shun Li,Liang Zou,Yinan Gong,Haitao Yang,Tianming Wang,Limin Feng,Jianping Ge. (2019) Advances in LiDAR technology in the field of animal ecology . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[9] Xiaoyun Shi,Xiaogang Shi,Qiang Hu,Tianpei Guan,Qiang Fu,Jian Zhang,Meng Yao,Sheng Li. (2019) Evaluating the potential habitat overlap and predation risk between snow leopards and free-range yaks in the Qionglai Mountains, Sichuan . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 951-959.
[10] Meilin Lü, Ze Liu, Zhen Song, Yaning Wang, Xiaoyong Liu. (2019) Diversity and distribution of culturable Mucoromycota fungi in the Greater Khinggan Mountains, China . Biodiv Sci, 27(8): 821-832.
[11] Meirong Ren, Qiuxia Yang, Xinli Wei. (2019) Species diversity of Cetrarioid and Hypogymnioid lichens (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) from the Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains in Northeast China . Biodiv Sci, 27(8): 833-841.
[12] Tolgor Bau, Xueshan Wang, Peng Zhang. (2019) Floristic of agarics and boletus in the Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains . Biodiv Sci, 27(8): 867-873.
[13] Jiao Meng, Li Jing, Zhao Huifeng, Wu Chunsheng, Zhang Aibing. (2019) Species diversity and global distribution of Limacodidae (Lepidoptera) using online databases . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 778-786.
[14] XU Guang-Yao, LI Hong-Yuan, MO Xun-Qiang, MENG Wei-Qing. (2019) Composition and spatial-temporal distribution of Chinese naturalized plants . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(7): 601-610.
[15] Gu Hanjiao, Zhang Cancan, Wang Jinsong, Shi Xuewen, Xia Ruixue, Liu Bin, Chen Fusheng, Bu Wensheng. (2019) Variation in basic morphological and functional traits of Chinese bamboo . Biodiv Sci, 27(6): 585-594.
Full text