Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 229-236.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016294

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On Chinese forest canopy biodiversity monitoring

Hao Shen1, Jianing Cai1, 2, Mengjiao Li1, 2, Qing Chen1, 2, Wanhui Ye1, *(), Zhengfeng Wang1, Juyu Lian1, Liang Song3   

  1. 1 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    3 Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303
  • Received:2016-10-12 Accepted:2016-11-17 Online:2017-04-07
  • Ye Wanhui E-mail:why@scbg.ac.cn

As the most direct and active ecological interface of the interaction between forest and its environment, the forest canopy, known as the earth’s “eighth continent”, contains the greatest forest biological diversity, and plays an important role in the formation and maintenance of biodiversity as well as the processes and functions of the ecosystem. However, the forest canopy is highly sensitive to global climate change and human disturbance. In the wake of increasing human activities and global climate change, the forest ecosystem, especially the forest canopy, is facing a serious threat. Therefore, protection of forest canopy biodiversity and sustainable utilization are increasingly important issues in modern ecology research under the scenarios of climate change, and have gained more and more attention in the fields of forest ecology, climatology, and environmental science. Accordingly, in 2015, the Chinese Forest Canopy Biodiversity Monitoring Network was created within the framework of Sino BON. This network includes biodiversity monitoring plots those were or will be equipped with forest canopy cranes. According to international standards, the network will unify monitoring parameters of forest canopy biodiversity using monitoring standards and norms, and conduct long-term monitoring of plant diversity (including epiphytic seed plants and epispore plants), fauna diversity, microbial diversity and their dynamic changes, through large scale zonal forest canopies. Combined with monitoring of the microclimate, we will build four dynamic databases (including a forest canopy microclimate database, canopy plant, canopy arthropod, and canopy microbial). The network is expected to discern the change patterns of forest canopy biodiversity of typical forest ecosystems in China, and to reveal how they influence the functioning of forest ecosystems and respond to global change.

Key words: forest canopy, canopy crane, biodiversity monitoring, global change

Table 1

The plot distribution within the Chinese Forest Canopy Biodiversity Monitoring Network"

序号No. 样点名称
Plot name
森林类型
Forest type
地理坐标
Geographic coordinates
1 吉林长白山阔叶红松林25 ha样地 25-ha deciduous broadleaved-Korean pine mixed forest plot at Changbai Mountain in Jilin Province 温带阔叶红松林 Temperate broadleaved-Korean pine mixed forest 42.38° N, 128.08° E
2 湖南八大公山中亚热带山地常绿落叶阔叶混交林25 ha样地 25-ha mid-subtropical mountain evergreen and deciduous broad-leaved mixed forest plot at Badagong Mountain in Hunan Province 中亚热带山地常绿落叶阔叶混交林 Mid-subtropical mountain evergreen and deciduous broad-leaved mixed forest 29.77° N, 110.09° E
3 浙江古田山亚热带常绿阔叶林24 ha样地 24-ha subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest plot at Gutian Mountain in Zhejiang Province 中亚热带常绿阔叶林 Mid-subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest 29.25° N, 118.12° E
4 四川栗子坪亚高山针叶林20 ha样地 20-ha subalpine coniferous forest plot at Liziping in Sichuan Province 亚高山针叶林 Subalpine coniferous forest 28.91° N, 102.36° E
5 云南云杉坪暗针叶林25 ha样地 25-ha dark coniferous forest plot at Yunshanping in Yunnan Province 寒温性云冷杉林 Cold temperate spruce-fir forest 27.14° N, 100.23° E
6 云南哀牢山亚热带常绿阔叶林20 ha样地 20-ha subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest plot at Ailao Mountain in Yunnan Province 亚热带常绿阔叶林 Subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest 24.54° N, 101.03° E
7 广东鼎湖山南亚热带常绿阔叶林20 ha样地 20-ha lower subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest plot at Dinghu Mountain in Guangdong Province 南亚热带常绿阔叶林 South subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest 23.10° N, 121.32° E
8 云南西双版纳热带雨林20 ha样地 20-ha tropical rain forest plot at Xishuangbanna in Yunnan Province 热带雨林 Tropical rain forest 21.61° N, 101.57° E
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