Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (12): 1408-1413.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016238

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Diversity and migration routes of raptors in Sichuan Province

Minyi Liang, Jianghong Ran*(), Siqi Liang, Yongjie Wu, Xiang Yu   

  1. Key Laboratory of Bio-Resource and Eco-environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064
  • Received:2016-08-30 Accepted:2016-12-03 Online:2017-01-10
  • Ran Jianghong E-mail:rjhong-01@163.com

Based on published literatures, museum records, and field investigation records, we collected 2,410 records of raptor distribution data, to study the diversity patterns and migration routes of raptors in Sichuan Province. There were 56 species of raptors (76 species and subspecies) recorded in Sichuan. Forty-one species are from 3 families of Falconiformes, accounting for 64.06% of nationwide Falconiformes species, and fifteen species are from 2 families of Strigiformes, accounting for 48.39% of nationwide Strigiformes species. Five key species of raptors are first-class national protected animals. Raptors have a heterogeneous horizontal distribution pattern in Sichuan, as generally the raptors are richer in the western areas than the eastern areas. The county with the greatest species richness (up to 32) was Pingwu County. Species richness peaked at 1,000-3,500 m on an elevational gradient. Nineteen species of raptors have migratory habits in Sichuan while Jintang County has the greatest number of migration raptors. There are three main migration flyways of raptors in Sichuan. The first one belongs to the Central Asia Migration Flyway passing through the Shiqu and Dege County in the north-west region of Sichuan Province. The second flyway passes through the mountains on western side of the Sichuan Basin from Minshan, Qionglai and Liangshan mountains to Yunnan Province even to Burma. The third flyway passes from the Minshan Mountains to Jintang County and Nanchong Plain and finally reaches Chongqing and Guizhou Province. The latter two flyways belong to the East Asia-Australian Migration Flyway. This study provides a valuable reference for studying and protecting raptors as well as improves our understanding regarding the migration routes of raptors in Sichuan.

Key words: Sichuan, raptors, distribution pattern, migration flyway, biodiversity, birds

Fig. 1

Raptor species richness in each county of Sichuan Province"

Fig. 2

Elevational distribution of raptor richness in Sichuan Province"

Fig. 3

Raptor migration routes in Sichuan Province"

[1] Fan JR, Zhang ZY, Li LH (2015) Mountain demarcation and mountainous area divisions of Sichuan Province. Geographical Research, 34, 65-73.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[范建容, 张子瑜, 李立华 (2015) 四川省山地类型界定与山区类型划分. 地理研究,34, 65-73.]
[2] Fan P, Zhong HB, Zhao F, Fan QJ (2006) The study of bird banding in Changshan Islands. Shandong Forestry Science and Technology, (3), 43-45.(in Chinese)
[范鹏, 钟海波, 赵方, 范强军 (2006) 长山列岛猛禽的环志研究. 山东林业科技, (3), 43-45.]
[3] Fan QD, Sun WL, Yuan YT, Zhao F (1992) The study on bird banding of raptors in Changdao, Shandong Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 11(4), 16-19.(in Chinese)
[范强东, 孙为连, 袁嬿婷, 赵方 (1992) 山东长岛猛禽的环志研究. 四川动物,11(4), 16-19.]
[4] Feng L, Min L, Han LX, Zhao JL, Liu XX, Song JH (2008) Wintering observation of birds of prey in Napahai Nature Reserve, Yunnan. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 27, 445-448.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[冯理, 闵龙, 韩联宪, 赵健林, 刘学先, 松建华 (2008) 云南纳帕海自然保护区越冬猛禽考察初报. 四川动物,27, 445-448.]
[5] Guan SR, Tian YZ, Li S (1997) Preliminary observation of migration and overwintering habits on Western marsh harrier. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 16, 25-26.(in Chinese)
[管绍荣, 田应洲, 李松 (1997) 白头鹞迁徙和越冬习性的初步观察. 四川动物,16, 25-26.]
[6] Hou YQ, Yang RL, Liu DJ, Fan QD, Wang L (1990) The study on raptors migration in eastern coast of China. Forest Research, 3, 207-214.(in Chinese)
[侯韵秋, 杨若莉, 刘岱基, 范强东, 王黎 (1990) 中国东部沿海地区猛禽迁徒规律研究. 林业科学研究,3, 207-214.]
[7] MacKinnon J, Phillipps K, He FQ(2000) A Field Guide to the Birds of China.Hunan Education Press, Changsha.(in Chinese)
[约翰·马敬能, 卡伦·菲尔普斯, 何芬奇(2000) 中国鸟类野外手册.湖南教育出版社,长沙.]
[8] Li GY (1995) The Colour Handbook of the Birds of Sichuan.China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[李桂垣 (1995) 四川鸟类原色图鉴.中国林业出版社,北京.]
[9] Long TL, Yang RL, Deng J, Hu SX, Zheng JX (1998) Preliminary observation on raptors southward migration in Longquan Mountains. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 17, 160-161.(in Chinese)
[隆廷伦, 杨若莉, 邓杰, 胡尚贤, 郑继勋 (1998) 龙泉山脉猛禽南迁的初步观察. 四川动物,17, 160-161.]
[10] Ma M, Dao C, Shan J, Xing R, Aizijiang M, Mardan T, Luo B, Xu GH, Wu DN (2014) Study of the reproductive behavior of Himalayan vulture (Gyps himalayensis) by mini camera-traps in the Tianshan Mountains. Chinese Journal of Wildlife, 35, 414-419.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[马鸣, 道·才吾加甫, 山加甫, 邢睿, 艾孜江·买买提明, 买尔旦·吐尔干, 罗彪, 徐国华, 吴道宁 (2014) 高山兀鹫(Gyps himalayensis)的繁殖行为研究. 野生动物学报,35, 414-419.]
[11] Newton I, McGrady MJ, Oli MK (2016) A review of survival estimates for raptors and owls. Ibis, 158, 227-248.
[12] Wan DM, Gao W, Zhao J, Wang HT, Liu MY (2002) The study on raptors migration in Liaoning Province. Journal of Northeast Normal University (Nature Science Edition), 34(2), 78-83.(in Chinese)
[万冬梅, 高玮, 赵匠, 王海涛, 刘明玉 (2002) 辽宁猛禽迁徙规律的研究. 东北师大学报 (自然科学版),34(2), 78-83.]
[13] Wang HM, Zhang ZJ, Chen ZQ, Zhang YR, Lü Q, An XP, Tong YG, Carr MJ, Sun SH, Shi WF (2016) High genetic diversity and frequent genetic reassortment of avian influenza A (H9N2) viruses along the East Asian-Australian migratory flyway. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 39, 325-329.
[14] Wang XM, Liu DJ, Wang YL, Xin MY (1991) Preliminary observation of Besra sparrow hawk migration in Qingdao. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 10(4), 34-35.(in Chinese)
[王希明, 刘岱基, 王元亮, 辛美云 (1991) 青岛松雀鹰迁徙的初步观察. 四川动物,10(4), 34-35.]
[15] Yong F, Xu HG, Cui P, Cao MC, Lei JC, Wu Y, Ding H, Wu J, Lu XQ, Le ZF (2015) Distribution pattern of forest birds in breeding and wintering season in China and the influencing factors. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment, 31, 658-663.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[雍凡, 徐海根, 崔鹏, 曹铭昌, 雷军成, 吴翼, 丁晖, 吴军, 卢晓强, 乐志芳 (2015) 中国森林鸟类繁殖季和越冬季分布格局及其影响因子. 生态与农村环境学报,31, 658-663.]
[16] Zhang JF (1997) A Manual to Identify Sichuan Birds.China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[张俊范 (1997) 四川鸟类鉴定手册.中国林业出版社,北京.]
[17] Zhang RZ (2011) Zoogeography of China.Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[张荣祖 (2011) 中国动物地理.科学出版社,北京.]
[18] Zhao ZJ (2001) A Handbook of the Birds of China (Volume I): Non-passerines. Jilin Science and Technology Press, Changchun.(in Chinese)
[赵正阶 (2001) 中国鸟类志 (上卷): 非雀形目. 吉林科学技术出版社, 长春.]
[19] Zhao XM (2006) Bird Migration and Bird Flu in the Mainland of China.China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[赵学敏 (2006) 中国大陆野生鸟类迁徙动态与禽流感.中国林业出版社,北京.]
[20] Zheng GM (2011) A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China, 2nd edn. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[郑光美 (2011) 中国鸟类分类与分布名录.科学出版社,北京.]
[21] Zheng GM (2012) Ornithology.Beijing Normal University Publishing Group, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[郑光美 (2012) 鸟类学.北京师范大学出版社,北京.]
[22] Zheng GM, Wang QS (1998) China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals: Aves. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[郑光美, 王歧山 (1998) 中国濒危动物红皮书: 鸟类卷. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[1] Lintao Huang Hui Huang Lei Jiang. (2020) A revised taxonomy for Chinese hermatypic corals . Biodiv Sci, 28(4): 515-523.
[2] Minxia Liu,Quandi Li,Xiaoxuan Jiang,Sujuan Xia,Xiaoning Nan,Yaya Zhang,Bowen Li. (2020) Contribution of rare species to species diversity and species abundance distribution pattern in the Gannan subalpine meadow . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 107-116.
[3] Xiongwei Yang,Ankang Wu,Qixian Zou,Guangrong Li,Mingming Zhang,Canshi Hu,Haijun Su. (2020) Field monitoring of mammals and birds using infrared cameras in Mayanghe National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 219-225.
[4] Haiou Liu,Fengchun Zhang,Fuwei Zhao,Leshan Du,Dayuan Xue. (2020) Biodiversity sensitive issues from changes in the strategic objectives of the financial mechanism for the Convention on Biological Diversity . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 244-252.
[5] Kai Wang,Jinlong Ren,Hongman Chen,Zhitong Lyu,Xianguang Guo,Ke Jiang,Jinmin Chen,Jiatang Li,Peng Guo,Yingyong Wang,Jing Che. (2020) The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 189-218.
[6] Yisheng Ma,Qingqing Ma,Nianjun He,Dapeng Zhu,Kaihui Zhao,Hongcai Liu,Shuai Li,Liang Sun,Liubin Tang. (2020) Camera-trapping survey of mammals and birds in the Foping National Nature Reserve, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 226-230.
[7] Yi Li,Zhiyao Tang,Yujing Yan,Ke Wang,Lei Cai,Jinsheng He,Song Gu,Yijian Yao. (2020) Incorporating species distribution model into the red list assessment and conservation of macrofungi: A case study with Ophiocordyceps sinensis . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 99-106.
[8] WANG Yu-Bing,SUN Yi-Han,DING Wei,ZHANG En-Tao,LI Wen-Huai,CHI Yong-Gang,ZHENG Shu-Xia. (2020) Effects and pathways of long-term nitrogen addition on plant diversity and primary productivity in a typical steppe . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(1): 22-32.
[9] Wenying Zhuang,Yi Li,Huandi Zheng,Zhaoqing Zeng,Xincun Wang. (2020) Threat status of non-lichenized macro-ascomycetes in China and its threatening factors . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 26-40.
[10] Shun Li,Liang Zou,Yinan Gong,Haitao Yang,Tianming Wang,Limin Feng,Jianping Ge. (2019) Advances in LiDAR technology in the field of animal ecology . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[11] Rui Yang,Qinyi Peng,Yue Cao,Le Zhong,Shuyu Hou,Zhicong Zhao,Cheng Huang. (2019) Transformative changes and paths toward biodiversity conservation in China . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1032-1040.
[12] WU Pan,PENG Xi-Qiang,YANG Shu-Ren,GAO Ya-Nan,BAI Feng-Hua,YI Shi-Jie,DU Ning,GUO Wei-Hua. (2019) Spatial distribution patterns and correlation of Tamarix chinensis population in coastal wetlands of Shandong, China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 817-824.
[13] Yongmin Li,Xiaobing Wu. (2019) A revised species list of amphibians and reptiles in the Anhui Province . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1002-1011.
[14] TANG Li-Li,ZHANG Mei,ZHAO Xiang-Lin,KANG Mu-Yi,LIU Hong-Yan,GAO Xian-Ming,YANG Tong,ZHENG Pu-Fan,SHI Fu-Chen. (2019) Species distribution and community assembly rules of Juglans mandshurica in North China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 753-761.
[15] Junning Li, Tong Li, Yulian Wei. (2019) Relationship between diversity of wood-decaying fungi and their host wood in the Fenglin National Nature Reserve . Biodiv Sci, 27(8): 880-886.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed