Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (7): 811-819.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016039

Special Issue: Marine Biodiversity Under Global Climate Change

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Characteristics of a macrozoobenthic community in the sea adjacent to the Yangtze River estuary during the wet season

Yong Xu1, 2, 3, Xinzheng Li1, 3, *(), Hongfa Wang1, 3, Baolin Zhang1, 3, Lianmei Shuai1   

  1. 1 Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, Shandong 266071
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    3 Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong 266000
  • Received:2016-02-04 Accepted:2016-04-20 Online:2016-08-04
  • Li Xinzheng E-mail:lixzh@qdio.ac.cn

To explore the characteristics of a macrozoobenthic community in the sea adjacent to the Yangtze River estuary during the wet season, macrozoobenthic samples were collected during June, August, and October, 2012, and data were analyzed using statistical methods including Two-Way ANOVA, Cluster analysis, Non-metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMDS), and Abundance-Biomass Comparison Curves (ABC Curves). A total of 181 macrozoobenthic species were recorded, with 82 species of Polychaeta, 46 Crustacea, 31 Mollusca, 11 Echinodermata and 11 species belonging to other groups. The abundance, biomass, Margalef’s richness index (d), Shannon-Wiener index (H'), and Pielou index (J') did not show any significant temporal or spatial differences except that J' in the offshore area was significantly higher than that found in the inshore area. Three to four macrozoobenthic assemblages were identified using the 20% similarity level and a low similarity level among stations was also observed. ABC curves revealed that the macrozoobenthic community in the offshore area was less disturbed than that in the inshore area. As a result of the continuous impact of anthropogenic activities, the macrozoobenthic community was severely disturbed and unevenly distributed in the sea adjacent to the Yangtze River estuary.

Key words: macrobenthos, diversity, assemblage, dominant species, Yangtze River estuary

Fig. 1

Sampling sites of macrozoobenthos in the sea adjacent to the Yangtze River estuary"

Fig. 2

Composition of macrozoobenthos in the sea adjacent to the Yangtze River estuary between June and October, 2012"

Table 1

Dominance (Y) of macrozoobenthos in the sea adjacent to the Yangtze River estuary between June and October, 2012"

物种
Species
6月
June
8月
August
10月
October
寡鳃齿吻沙蚕 Nephtys oligobranchia 0.067 0.009 0.007
奇异稚齿虫 Paraprionospio pinnata 0.042 0.019 0.056
四齿欧努菲虫 Onuphis tetradentata 0.035 0.030 0.022
索沙蚕一种 Lumbrineris sp. 0.017 - -
拟节虫一种 Praxillella sp. 0.013 - 0.007
多丝独毛虫 Tharyx multifilis 0.011 - 0.007
背蚓虫 Notomastus latericeus 0.009 0.012 0.022
锥唇吻沙蚕 Glycera onomichiensis 0.008 0.010 -
独指虫一种 Aricidea sp. 0.007 - -
稚齿虫 Prionospio pygmaeus 0.007 - -
日本倍棘蛇尾 Amphioplus japonicus - 0.011 -
厚鳃虫 Dasybranchus caducus - 0.010 -
豆形短眼蟹 Xenophthalmus pinnotheroides - 0.009 -
长叶索沙蚕 Lumbrineris longifolia - 0.008 0.036
拟特须虫 Paralacydonia paradoxa - 0.007 -
梨体星虫一种 Apionsoma sp. - - 0.114
长吻沙蚕 Glycera chirori - - 0.015
岩虫 Marphysa sanguinea - - 0.007

Fig. 3

The abundance (a) and biomass (b) of macrozoobenthos in the sea adjacent to the Yangtze River estuary between June and October, 2012. ● June; Å August; ○ October."

Table 2

The abundance (ind./m2) and biomass (g/m2) of main macrozoobenthos groups in the sea adjacent to the Yangtze River estuary between June and October, 2012"

类群 Group 6月 June 8月 August 10月 October 平均 Average
丰度
Abundance
生物量
Biomass
丰度
Abundance
生物量
Biomass
丰度
Abundance
生物量
Biomass
丰度
Abundance
生物量
Biomass
多毛类动物 Polychaeta 100.0 3.9 88.8 4.7 115.7 2.8 101.6 3.8
甲壳动物 Crustacea 13.8 0.9 22.5 5.6 24.6 0.9 20.3 2.5
软体动物 Mollusca 18.1 0.5 7.9 1.1 11.1 0.3 12.4 0.6
棘皮动物 Echinodermata 3.8 0.2 5.8 0.4 9.3 1.6 6.3 0.7
其他类群 Others 4.6 1.1 5.4 0.5 45.7 1.3 18.6 1.0
总计 Total 140.3 6.6 130.4 12.3 206.4 6.9 159.2 8.6

Table 3

Diversity of macrozoobenthos in the sea adjacent to the Yangtze River estuary between June and October, 2012"

最大值
Max.
最小值
Min.
平均值±标准误
Mean ± SE
d 6月 June 6.57 1.67 3.44 ± 0.42
8月 August 5.52 1.24 3.60 ± 0.37
10月 October 5.63 1.82 4.16 ± 0.31
H' 6月 June 4.33 1.79 2.94 ± 0.23
8月 August 4.01 1.37 3.03 ± 0.22
10月 October 4.15 1.59 3.29 ± 0.21
J' 6月 June 0.98 0.55 0.86 ± 0.03
8月 August 1.00 0.72 0.90 ± 0.02
10月 October 1.00 0.51 0.86 ± 0.03

Table 4

Diversity of macrozoobenthos in the inshore and offshore area off the Yangtze River estuary"

最大值
Max.
最小值
Min.
平均值±标准误
Mean ± SE
d 近海 Inshore 5.71 1.24 3.52 ± 0.36
远海 Offshore 6.57 1.67 3.89 ± 0.26
H' 近海 Inshore 4.15 1.37 2.91 ± 0.22
远海 Offshore 4.33 1.59 3.21 ± 0.15
J' 近海 Inshore 1.00 0.51 0.83 ± 0.03
远海 Offshore 1.00 0.69 0.90 ± 0.02

Fig. 4

Clustering (a, c, e) and Non-metric Multidimensional Scaling (b, d, f) of macrozoobenthic community in the sea adjacent to the Yangtze River estuary"

Fig. 5

Abundance-Biomass Comparison Curves of macrozoobenthos between June and October in the sea adjacent to the Yangtze River estuary between June and October, 2012"

Fig. 6

Abundance-Biomass Comparison Curves of macrozoobenthos in the inshore and offshore area off Yangtze River estuary"

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