Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (4): 407-420.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015353

Special Issue: Plant Diversity in the Dry Valleys of Southwest China

• Original Papers • Previous Article     Next Article

Quantitative classification and environmental interpretations for the structural differentiation of the plant communities in the dry valley of Jinshajiang River

Ye Liu1, Yue Xu2, Songlin Shi3, Peihao Peng4, Zehao Shen2, *()   

  1. 1 School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055.
    2 Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, the Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871.
    3 State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085.
    4 College of Tourism and Urban-rural Planning, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610058
  • Received:2015-12-14 Accepted:2016-03-12 Online:2016-05-11
  • Shen Zehao E-mail:shzh@urban.pku.edu.cn

The structural differentiation of plant communities are associated with species traits, and interspecific interactions in heterogeneous environment. The comprehensive analysis of spatial variation in species assemblages may help infer processes shaping ecological communities. Based on field investigation of 116 sites and 562 sampling points in the dry valley of Jinshajiang River, combined with vegetation classification by adaptive-affinity propagation, we used Moran’s Eigenvector Maps and variation partitioning to quantify the effects of spatial and environmental factors on the community structure. The results showed that: (1) the plant communities were divided into 30 groups by Adaptive-AP, and classified into 7 vegetation types, 23 formations. Savanna (30.0%) and warm deciduous broadleaved thicket (55.7%) were the main vegetation types. (2) Mean annual temperature (MAT) and aridity index (k) are two dominant climate factors limiting the distribution of plant community types in the dry valley of Jinshajiang River. Savanna, succulent thicket and evergreen broadleaved thicket are dominant vegetation types in typical dry-hot valley. Warm deciduous broadleaved thicket and evergreen sclerophyllous forest are dominant in dry-warm valley. Warm needle-leaved forest and deciduous broadleaved forest are more adaptive to lower temperature. (3) The pure environmental fraction can explain 5.5% of the species composition variation, the pure broad-scale spatial fraction can explain 22.5% of the species composition variation, 6.6% can be explained by the fraction corresponding to broad-scale structured environment and the unexplainable part was 65.4%. Among all the factors, MAT and k indicated the critical difference among the community habitats, which has prominent impact on the change of community composition. The broad-scale spatial factors played an important role in shaping the community structure by geographic isolation.

Key words: community structure, vegetation classification, structural differentiation, environmental factor, adaptive-affinity propagation, Moran’s eigenvector maps, variation partitioning

Table 1

Comparison of climatic features between dry-hot valley at Yuanmou and dry-warm valley at Benzilan in Yunnan. Following Jin (2002)"

年均温
Mean annual temperature
(℃)
最热月均温
Mean temperature of the warmest month
(℃)
最冷月均温
Mean temperature of the coldest month
(℃)
年降水量
Mean annual precipitation
(mm)
干燥指数
Aridity index
元谋 Yuanmou 21.8 27.0 15.0 614 3.30
奔子栏 Benzilan 16.7 24.3 7.7 286 4.75

Fig. 1

Study area and distribution of sampling sites"

Fig. 2

Dendrogram of the plant community classification for 524 plots in the dry valley of Jinshajiang River. N indicates the number of plots."

Fig. 3

Result of canonical correspondence analysis of different vegetation types. 1, Savanna; 2, Succulent thicket; 3, Evergreen broadleaved thicket; 4, Warm deciduous broadleaved thicket; 5, Evergreen sclerophyllous forest; 6, Warm needle-leaved forest; 7, Deciduous broadleaved forest. MAT, mean annual temperature; MTCM, mean temperature of the coldest month; TSN, temperature seasonality; MAP, mean annual precipitation; k, aridity index; PSN, precipitation seasonality."

Fig. 4

Vegetation ordination for the plots in Jinshajiang River. a,b, principal component analysis of original table; c,d, redundancy analysis with E as predictors; e,f, partial residual with E as covariables. The smoothed scalogram indicates the portion of variance R2 explained by each spatial scale. The dark gray is the highest R2. P values are given. The 95% confidence limit is also represented by the line of “+”."

31 Knörr UC, Kovar-Eder J, Mazouch P, Roth-Nebelsick A (2012) Fruit dispersal ecology of woody taxa in temperate to tropical forests of China and Japan. Palaios, 27, 523-540.
32 Legendre P (1993) Spatial autocorrelation: trouble or new paradigm. Ecology, 74, 1659-1673.
33 Legendre P, Gallagher E (2001) Ecologically meaningful transformations for ordination of species data. Oecologia, 129, 271-280.
34 Legendre P, Legendre LFJ (2012) Numerical Ecology. Elsevier, North Holland.
35 Legendre P, Mi XC, Ren HB, Ma KP, Yu MJ, Sun IF, He FL (2009) Partitioning beta diversity in a subtropical broad-leaved forest of China. Ecology, 90, 663-674.
36 Leibold MA, Economo EP, Peres-Neto P (2010) Metacommunity phylogenetics: separating the roles of environmental filters and historical biogeography. Ecology Letters, 13, 1290-1299.
37 Liu FY, Zhu H (2005) Numerical classification and diversity analysis for the vegetation in the dry-hot valley of Yuanjiang, Yunnan Province. Guihaia, 25, 22-25.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘方炎, 朱华 (2005) 元江干热河谷植被数量分类及其多样性分析. 广西植物, 25, 22-25.]
38 Liu XJ, Swenson NG, Zhang JL, Ma KP (2012) The environment and space, not phylogeny, determine trait dispersion in a subtropical forest. Functional Ecology, 27, 264-272.
39 Liu Y, Li P, Xu Y, Shi SL, Ying LX, Zhang WJ, Peng PH, Shen ZH (2016) Quantitative classification and ordination for plant communities in dry valleys of Southwest China. Biodiversity Science, 24, 378-388.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘晔, 李鹏, 许玥, 石松林, 应凌霄, 张婉君, 彭培好, 沈泽昊 (2016) 中国西南干旱河谷植物群落的数量分类和排序分析 . 生物多样性,24, 378-388.]
40 Ludwig F, deKroon H, Berendse F, Prins HHT (2004) The influence of savanna trees on nutrient, water and light availability and the understorey vegetation. Plant Ecology, 170, 93-105.
1 Bell G, Lechowicz MJ, Waterway MJ (2006) The comparative evidence relating to functional and neutral interpretations of biological communities. Ecology, 87, 1378-1386.
2 Bivand R (2008) Spdep: Spatial Dependence: Weighting Schemes. Statistics and Models. R package version 0.4-17.
41 Luo H, Wang KQ (2006) Soil seed bank of vegetation restoration region in mountainous area of Yuanmou dry-hot valley. Science of Soil and Water Conservation, 4, 87-91.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[罗辉, 王克勤 (2006) 元谋干热河谷山地植被修复区土壤种子库研究. 中国水土保持科学, 4, 87-91.]
3 Blanchet FG, Legendre P, Borcard D (2008) Forward selection of explanatory variables. Ecology, 89, 2623-2632.
4 Borcard D, Gillet F, Legendre P (2011) Numerical Ecology with R. Springer, Berlin.
5 Borcard D, Legendre P (2002) All-scale spatial analysis of ecological data by means of principal coordinates of neighbour matrices. Ecological Modelling, 153, 51-68.
6 Cardille JA, Lambois M (2009) From the redwood forest to the gulf stream waters: human signature nearly ubiquitous in representative US landscapes. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8, 130-134.
42 Mabry C, Ackerly D, Gerhardt F (2000) Landscape and species level distribution of morphological and life history traits in a temperate woodland flora. Journal of Vegetation Science, 11, 213-224.
43 MacQueen J (1967) Some methods for classification and analysis of multivariate observations. Proceedings of the Fifth Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability, 1, 281-297.
7 Cao YH, Jin ZZ (1993) A research on the vegetation of Nujiang dry-hot river valley in Lujiangba of Yunnan. Guihaia, 15, 132-138.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[曹永恒, 金振洲 (1993) 云南潞江坝怒江干热河谷植被研究. 广西植物, 15, 132-138.]
44 Mahecha MD, Schmidtlein S (2008) Revealing biogeographical patterns by nonlinear ordinations and derived anisotropic spatial filters. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 17, 284-296.
45 Mardia KV, Jupp PE (2009) Directional Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
8 Curtis JT, McIntosh RP (1951) An upland forest continuum in the prairie-forest border region of Wisconsin. Ecology, 476-496.
9 Donath WE, Hoffman AJ (1973) Lower bounds for the partitioning of graphs. IBM Journal of Research & Development, 17, 420-425.
10 Dray S (2009) Packfor: Forward Selection with Permutation (Canoco p. 46). R package version 0.0-7/r58.
11 Dray S (2010) SpacemakeR: Spatial Modelling. R package version 0.0-5/r101.
46 McIntire EJB, Fajardo A (2009) Beyond description: the active and effective way to infer processes from spatial patterns. Ecology, 90, 46-56.
47 Munoz F (2009) Distance-based eigenvector maps (DBEM) to analyse metapopulation structure with irregular sampling. Ecological Modelling, 220, 2683-2689.
12 Dray S, Dufour AB (2007) The ade4 package: implementing the duality diagram for ecologists. Journal of Statistical Software, 22(4), 1-20.
13 Dray S, Pélissier R, Couteron P, Fortin MJ, Legendre P, Peres-Neto PR, Bellier E, Bivand R, Blanchet FG, de Cáceres M, Dufour A, Heegard E, Jombart T, Munoz F, Oksanen J, Thioulouse J, Wagner HH (2012) Community ecology in the age of multivariate multiscale spatial analysis. Ecological Monographs, 82, 257-275.
48 Natural Divisions Working Committee of Chinese Academy of Sciences(1959) Comprehensive Physical Regionalization of China. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[中国科学院自然区划工作委员会(1959) 中国综合自然区划. 科学出版社, 北京.]
14 Ernest SKM, Brown JH, Thibault KM, White EP, Goheen JR (2008) Zero sum, the niche, and metacommunities: long- term dynamics of community assembly. The American Naturalist, 172, 257-269.
15 Fang JY, Song YC, Liu HY, Piao SL (2002) Vegetation-climate relationship and its application in the division of vegetation zone in China. Acta Botanica Sinica, 44, 1105-1122.(in Chinese with English abstract)
49 Okland RH (1999) On the variation explained by ordination and constrained ordination axes. Journal of Vegetation Science, 10, 131-136.
50 Oksanen J, Kindt R, Legendre P, O’Hara B, Stevens MHH, Oksanen MJ, Suggests MASS (2007) The Vegan Package. Community Ecology Package, 10, 631-637.
15 [方精云, 宋永昌, 刘鸿雁, 朴世龙 (2002) 植被气候关系与我国的植被分区. 植物学报, 44, 1105-1122.]
16 Fortin MJ, Dale MRT (2005) Spatial Analysis: A Guide for Ecologists. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
51 Ollier S, Couteron P, Chessel D (2006) Orthonormal transform to decompose the variance of a life-history trait across a phylogenetic tree. Biometrics, 62, 471-477.
52 Ou XK, Jin ZZ (1996) A preliminary study on the flora and ecological diversity in Jinsha River dry-hot valley. Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research, 14, 318-322.(in Chinese with English abstract)
17 Fraser SEM, Dytham C, Mayhew PJ, Mouillot D, Anderson BJ (2008) Community structure in ichneumonid parasitoids at different spatial scales. Oecologia, 157, 521-530.
18 Frey BJ, Dueck D (2007) Clustering by passing messages between data points. Science, 315, 972-976.
52 [欧晓昆, 金振洲 (1996) 金沙江干热河谷植物区系和生态多样性的初步研究. 武汉植物学研究,14, 318-322.]
53 Pyron RA, Burbrink FT (2009) Can the tropical conservatism hypothesis explain temperate species richness patterns? An inverse latitudinal biodiversity gradient in the New World snake tribe Lampropeltini. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 18, 406-415.
54 Rueda M, Rodríguez MÁ, Hawkins BA (2013) Identifying global zoogeographical regions: lessons from Wallace. Journal of Biogeography, 40, 2215-2225.
55 Shen ZH, Zhang XS (2001) The spatial pattern and topographic interpretation of the forest vegetation at Dalaoling region in the Three Gorges. Acta Botanica Sinica, 42, 1089-1095.(in Chinese with English abstract)
19 Frey BJ, Dueck D (2008) Response to comment on “Clustering by passing messages between data points”. Science, 319, 726.
20 Gabriel KR, Sokal RR (1969) A new statistical approach to geographic variation analysis. Systematic Zoology, 18, 259-270.
55 [沈泽昊, 张新时 (2001) 三峡大老岭地区森林植被的空间格局分析及其地形解释 . 植物学报,42, 1089-1095.]
56 Shipley B (2014) Measuring and interpreting trait-based selection versus meta-community effects during local community assembly. Journal of Vegetation Science, 25, 55-65.
21 Griffith DA (1992) What is spatial autocorrelation? Reflection on the past 25 years of spatial statistics. Espace Géographique, 3, 265-280.
22 Hawkins BA, Field R, Cornell HV, Currie DJ, Guegan JF, Kaufman DM, Kerr JT, Mittelbach GG, Oberdorff T, O’Brien EM, Porter EE, Turner JRG (2003) Energy, water, and broad-scale geographic patterns of species richness. Ecology, 84, 3105-3117.
57 Slik JWF, Raes N, Aiba SI, Brearley FQ, Cannon CH, Meijaard E, Nagamasu H, Nilus R, Paoli G, Poulsen AD, Sheil D, Suzuki E, van Valkenburg JLCH, Webb CO, Wilkie P, Wulffraat S (2009) Environmental correlates for tropical tree diversity and distribution patterns in Borneo. Diversity and Distributions, 19, 523-532.
58 Smith TW, Lundholm JT (2010) Variation partitioning as a tool to distinguish between niche and neutral process. Ecography, 33, 648-655.
23 Hubbell SP (2001) The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
24 Jin ZZ (1998) Study on the floristic elements of seed plants in the dry-warm valleys of Yunnan and Sichuan. Guihaia, 18, 313-321.(in Chinese with English abstract)
59 Song YC (2001) Vegetation Ecology. East China Normal University Press, Shanghai.(in Chinese)
[宋永昌 (2001) 植被生态学. 华东师范大学出版社, 上海.]
24 [金振洲 (1998) 滇川干暖河谷种子植物区系成分研究. 广西植物, 18, 313-321.]
25 Jin ZZ (1999) Study on the floristic elements of seed plants in the dry-hot valleys of Yunnan and Sichuan. Guihaia, 19, 1-14.(in Chinese with English abstract)
60 Spano D, Cesaraccio C, Duce P, Snyder RL (1999) Phenologi- cal stages of natural species and their use as climate indicators. International Journal of Biometeorology, 42, 124-133.
61 Sun CY, Wang CH, Song S, Wang YF (2009) A local approach of adaptive affinity propagation clustering for large scale data. In: International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (ed. Kozma R), pp. 2998-3002. Atlanta, USA.
25 [金振洲 (1999) 滇川干热河谷种子植物区系成分研究. 广西植物, 19, 1-14.]
26 Jin ZZ (2002) Floristic Features of Dry-hot and Dry-warm Valleys, Yunnan and Sichuan. Yunnan Science & Technology Press, Kunming.(in Chinese)
62 Svenning JC, Kinner DA, Stallard RF, Engelbrecht B, Wright AJ (2004) Ecological determinism in plant community structure across a tropical forest landscape. Ecology, 85, 2526-2538.
63 terBraak CJF (1986) Canonical correspondence analysis: a new eigenvector technique for multivariate direct gradient analysis. Ecology, 67, 1167-1179.
26 [金振洲 (2002) 滇川干热河谷与干暖河谷植物区系特征. 云南科技出版社, 昆明.]
27 Jin ZZ, Ou XK (2000) Yuanjiang, Nujiang, Jinshajiang, Lancangjiang Vegetation of Dry-Hot Valley. Yunnan University Press, Yunnan Science & Technology Press, Kunming.(in Chinese)
64 terBraak CJF, Smilauer P (2002) Canoco Reference Manual and Canodraw for Windows User’s Guide: Software for Canonical Community Ordination (version 4.5). Microcomputer Power, New York.
65 Wagner HH, Fortin MJ (2005) Spatial analysis of landscapes: concepts and statistics. Ecology, 86, 1975-1987.
27 [金振洲, 欧晓昆 (2000) 元江、怒江、金沙江、澜沧江干热河谷植被. 云南大学出版社, 云南科技出版社, 昆明.]
28 Jing Y, Covell M, Rowley HA (2010) Comparison of clustering approaches for summarizing large populations of images. In: IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo (eds Chau LP, Yan SC), pp. 1523-1527. Singapore.
66 Wang KJ, Zhang JY, Li D, Zhang XN, Guo T (2007) Adaptive affinity propagation clustering. Acta Automatica Sinica, 33, 1242-1246.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[王开军, 张军英, 李丹, 张新娜, 郭涛 (2007) 自适应仿射传播聚类. 自动化学报, 33, 1242-1246.]
29 Karst J, Gilbert B, Lechowicz MJ (2005) Fern community assembly: the roles of chance and the environment at local and intermediate scales. Ecology, 86, 2473-2486.
30 Kelly K (2007) Affinity program slashes computing times.
67 Xu CD, Lu SG (2006) The invasive plants in Yunnan. Guihaia, 26, 227-234.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[徐成东, 陆树刚 (2006) 云南的外来入侵物种. 广西植物, 26, 227-234.]
68 Yang J, Wang Y, Sowmya A, Zhang B, Xu J, Li Z (2010) Affinity propagation feature clustering with application to vehicle detection and tracking in road traffic surveillance. In: IEEE International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal Based Surveillance (ed. Sengupta K), pp. 414-419. Boston, USA.
69 Yang QY, Zheng D (1989) An outline of physic-geographic regionalization of the Hengduan Mountainous Region. Mountain Research, 7, 56-64.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[杨勤业, 郑度 (1989) 横断山区综合自然区划纲要. 山地研究, 7, 56-64.]
70 Zhang JL, Bi YF (2009) The soil seed bank’s temporal and spatial characteristics in the enclosed process of the mountain-grassland. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 18, 1427-1432.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[张建利, 毕玉芬 (2009) 金沙江干热河谷山地草地封育过程中土壤种子库时空特征. 生态环境学报, 18, 1427-1432.]
71 Zhang JL, Liu XK, Shen R, Shi W, Zhang ZM, Zhou R, Ou XK (2010) The species quantitative and diversity characteristic of grassland community in hot-dry valley of Jinsha River. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 19, 1519-1524.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[张建利, 柳小康, 沈蕊, 施雯, 张志明, 周睿, 欧晓昆 (2010) 金沙江流域干热河谷草地群落物种数量及多样性特征. 生态环境学报,19, 1519-1524.]
72 Zhang JT (2004) Quantitative Ecology. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[张金屯 (2004) 数量生态学. 科学出版社, 北京.]
73 Zhang JY, Xu Y, Su CJ, Liu XL (2005) Research progress on vegetation restoration in the dry-hot valleys of the Jinsha River. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 12(6), 101-104.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[张金盈, 徐云, 苏春江, 刘兴亮 (2005) 金沙江干热河谷植被恢复研究进展. 水土保持研究,12(6), 101-104.]
74 Zhang RZ (1992) The Dry Valleys of the Hengduan Mountains Region. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[张荣祖 (1992) 横断山区干旱河谷. 科学出版社, 北京.]
75 Zhang X, Gao J, Lu P, Yan Y (2008) A novel speaker clustering algorithm via supervised affinity propagation. In: IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (eds Adali T, Rao B), pp. 4369-4372. Las Vegas, USA.
76 Zhu H (1990) A study on the thorny succulent shrubs in dry-hot valley of Yuanjiang County. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 12, 301-310.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[朱华 (1990) 元江干热河谷肉质多刺灌丛的研究. 云南植物研究, 12, 301-310.]
[1] Shuai-Feng LI xuedong Lang Huang Xiao-Bo yanhong Wang LIU Wan-De chonghua Xu Jianrong Su. (2020) Association classification of a 30 hm2 dynamics plot in the monsoon broad-leaved evergreen forest in Puer, Yunnan Province . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(预发表): 0-0.
[2] Zhixia Zhao,Changming Zhao,Shuyu Deng,Guozhen Shen,Zongqiang Xie,Gaoming Xiong,Junqing Li. (2020) Community structure and dynamics of a remnant forest dominated by Thuja sutchuenensis after deforestation . Biodiv Sci, 28(3): 333-339.
[3] Xinghui Lu,Runguo Zang,Yi Ding,Jihong Huang,Yue Xu. (2020) Habitat characteristics and its effects on seedling abundance of Hopea hainanensis, a Wild Plant with Extremely Small Populations . Biodiv Sci, 28(3): 289-295.
[4] Jing-Yun FANG Ke GUO Guo-Hong WANG Zhi-Yao TANG Zong-Qiang XIE Ze-Hao SHEN Ren-Qing WANG Cun-Zhu LIANG. (2020) Vegetation classification system and classification of vegetation types used for the compilation of Vegetation of China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(2): 0-0.
[5] Ke GUO Jing-Yun FANG Guo-Hong WANG Zhi-Yao TANG Zong-Qiang XIE Ze-Hao SHEN Ren-Qing WANG Cun-Zhu LIANG. (2020) A revised scheme of vegetation classification system of China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(2): 0-0.
[6] Guo-Hong WANG Jing-Yun FANG Ke GUO Zong-Qiang XIE Zhi-Yao TANG Ren-Qing WANG Ze-Hao SHEN Xiang-Ping WANG De-Li WANG Shao-Lin PENG Qing LIU Cun-Zhu LIANG. (2020) Contents and protocols for the classification and description of Vegetation Formations, Alliances and Associations in vegetation of China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(2): 0-0.
[7] FANG Wen-Jing,CAI Qiong,ZHU Jiang-Ling,JI Cheng-Jun,YUE Ming,GUO Wei-Hua,ZHANG Feng,GAO Xian-Ming,TANG Zhi-Yao,FANG Jing-Yun. (2019) Distribution, community structures and species diversity of larch forests in North China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 742-752.
[8] Sun Beibei, Yu Cungen, Liu Hui, Yan Wenchao, Zhang Wenjun, Dai Dongxu. (2019) Spring and autumn shrimp and crab biodiversity in the east Nanji Islands . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 787-795.
[9] Xing Yuan, Wu Xiaoping, Ouyang Shan, Zhang Junqian, Xu Jing, Yin Senlu, Xie Zhicai. (2019) Assessment of macrobenthos biodiversity and potential human-induced stressors in the Ganjiang River system . Biodiv Sci, 27(6): 648-657.
[10] YANG Wen-Gao, ZI Hong-Biao, CHEN Ke-Yu, ADE Lu-Ji, HU Lei, WANG Xin, WANG Gen-Xu, WANG Chang-Ting. (2019) Ecological stoichiometric characteristics of shrubs and soils in different forest types in Qinghai, China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(4): 352-364.
[11] Xie Fenglin, Zhou Quan, Shi Hang, Shu Xiao, Zhang Kerong, Li Tao, Feng Shuiyuan, Zhang Quanfa, Dang Haishan. (2019) Species composition and community characteristics of a 25 ha forest dynamics plot in deciduous broad-leaved forest, Qinling Mountains, north-central China . Biodiv Sci, 27(4): 439-448.
[12] Yang Lufei, Chen Linlin, Li Xiaojing, Zhou Zhengquan, Liu Bo, Song Bo, Li Bingjun, Li Baoquan. (2019) Effect of seasonal hypoxia on macrobenthic communities in the Muping Marine Ranch, Yantai, China . Biodiv Sci, 27(2): 200-210.
[13] TANG Li-Tao, LIU Dan, LUO Xue-Ping, HU Lei, WANG Chang-Ting. (2019) Forest soil phosphorus stocks and distribution patterns in Qinghai, China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(12): 1091-1103.
[14] Shuoran Liu,Daode Yang,Xianfu Li,Lu Tan,Jun Sun,Xiaoyang He,Wenshu Yang,Guopeng Ren,Davide Fornacca,Qinghua Cai,Wen Xiao. (2019) Diversity in benthic and environmental characteristics on alpine micro-waterbodies and stream ecosystems in northwest Yunnan . Biodiv Sci, 27(12): 1298-1308.
[15] Rijin Jiang,Linlin Zhang,Kaida Xu,Pengfei Li,Yi Xiao,Ziwei Fan. (2019) Characteristics and diversity of nekton functional groups in the coastal waters of south-central Zhejiang Province . Biodiv Sci, 27(12): 1330-1338.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed