Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (7): 791-801.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015328

Special Issue: Mangrove; Marine Biodiversity Under Global Climate Change

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Macrobenthic diversity and seasonal changes in the mangrove swamp of Luoyangjiang Estuary, Fujian Province

Junhui Lin, Xuebao He, Jianjun Wang*(), Heshan Lin, Yaqin Huang, Kun Liu, Jianfeng Mou, Shuyi Zhang, Jinxiang Jiang   

  1. Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen, Fujian 361005
  • Received:2015-11-23 Accepted:2016-03-08 Online:2016-08-04
  • Wang Jianjun E-mail:wangjianjun220@tio.org.cn

Based on a year round survey conducted in the mangrove swamp of Luoyangjiang Estuary in Fujian from August 2013 to April 2014, macrobenthic diversity, seasonal changes, and the impact of mangrove rehabilitation on the macrobenthic community were analyzed. We recorded a total of 78 species from 7 phyla in the study area and the community was dominated by annelids and arthropods. The gastropod, Assiminea brevicula (Assimineidae), was the most dominant species and was more abundant in mangrove forests than in mudflats. ANOSIM analysis showed that faunal communities were significantly different between mangrove forests and mudflats, with the former characterized by much lower macrobenthic density and biomass. Moreover, some of dominant species, such as Parasesarma plicata and Phascolosoma arcuatum, were only found in mangrove forests. Higher value of macrobenthic density was found in winter and spring, while mean biomass was higher in spring and summer. Significant differences in macrobenthic communites were observed among seasons except between winter and spring. The present study demostrated that, species composition of the mangrove macrobenthos indicated characteristics of a young mangrove plantation and seasonal changes in macrobenthic communities might be due to different breeding seasons of the dominant species. Mangrove vegetation had a noticeable impact on macrobenthic communities, as evidenced by significant difference in macrobenthic communites between the two habitats. Density of macrobenthos in mangrove forests was much lower than that found in 2009, but the sesarminid crab Parasesarma plicata became much abundant. Since mangrove forests and mudflats support different species composition of macrobenthos, planning is needed in mangrove rehabilitation for the protection of habitat diversity and heterogeneity.

Key words: macrobenthos, species diversity, seasonal changes, mangrove swamp, mangrove rehabilitation, multivariate analysis, Luoyangjiang Estuary

Fig. 1

Map of the study area in Quanzhou Bay. The four investigated transects (QZLH1-4) are represented by the dark bars."

Fig. 2

Species composition of macrobenthos in the mangrove swamp of Luoyangjiang Estuary. QZLH1-4, investigated transects."

Table 1

Values of dominance index of macrobenthos in the mangrove swamp of Luoyangjiang Estuary. Dominant species were those highlighted with number marked in bold italic."

种类 Species 断面 Transect 季节 Season
QZLH1 QZLH2 QZLH3 QZLH4 春季
Spring
夏季
Summer
秋季
Autumn
冬季
Winter
环节动物 Annelida
疣吻沙蚕 Tyrrohynchus heterochaetus - 0.027 <0.001 - 0.002 - 0.003 <0.001
日本刺沙蚕 Neanthes japonica 0.006 - 0.011 0.010 0.100 <0.001 - -
圆锯齿吻沙蚕 Dentinephtys glabra 0.015 0.032 0.011 0.020 0.005 0.062 0.026 0.007
软体动物 Mollusca
短拟沼螺 Assiminea brevicula 0.455 0.225 0.578 0.045 0.405 0.192 0.239 0.181
节肢动物 Anthropoda
薄片蜾蠃蜚 Corophium lamellatum 0.002 0.002 <0.001 0.294 0.009 0.005 - 0.332
细巧仿对虾 Parapenaeopsis tenellus 0.001 0.007 0.002 <0.001 <0.001 0.029 - -
褶痕拟相手蟹 Parasesarma plicata 0.020 0.024 0.001 - 0.002 <0.001 0.009 0.003
秀丽长方蟹 Metaplax elegans 0.016 0.014 0.056 0.001 0.005 0.059 0.006 0.015
宁波泥蟹 Ilyoplax ningpoensis - - <0.001 0.165 0.018 0.060 0.027 0.011
弧边招潮 Uca arcuata 0.037 0.018 0.037 0.012 0.019 0.037 0.036 0.010
刺胞动物 Cnidaria
中华仙影海葵 Cereus sinensis 0.037 0.072 0.003 0.037 0.003 0.003 0.197 0.007
星虫动物 Sipuncula
弓形革囊星虫 Phascolosoma arcuatum 0.020 0.006 0.001 - 0.001 0.004 0.006 0.001

Fig. 3

Composition of macrobenthic density and biomass in the mangrove swamp of Luoyangjiang Estuary"

Table 2

Two-way ANOVA on community parameters of macrobenthos in the mangrove swamp of Luoyangjiang Estuary"

参数 Parameters 季节 Season 断面 Transect 季节×断面 Season×Transect
F P F P F P
平均密度 Average density 4.476 0.000** 16.266 0.000*** 3.624 0.003**
平均生物量 Average biomass 5.493 0.004** 4.574 0.009** 1.119 0.378
Margalef丰富度指数 Margalef species richness index (d) 0.730 0.542 2.156 0.113 0.242 0.985
Shannon-Wiener多样性指数 Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H') 1.415 0.256 3.327 0.032* 0.727 0.681
Pielou均匀度指数 Pielou evenness index (J') 2.271 0.099 5.524 0.004** 1.066 0.413

Fig. 4

Seasonal changes of density and biomass on the investigated transects"

Table 3

Seasonal changes of macrobenthic density (ind./m2) on the investigated transects in the mangrove swamp of Luoyangjiang Estuary"

断面 Transect 种类 Species 春 Spring 夏 Summer 秋 Autumn 冬 Winter 均值 Mean
QZLH1 总密度 Total density 176 146 139 149 152
短拟沼螺 Assiminea brevicula 112 62 41 62 69
中华仙影海葵 Cereus sinensis 0 0 50 18 17
弧边招潮 Uca arcuata 12 4 5 9 8
弓形革囊星虫 Phascolosoma arcuatum 0 16 4 5 6
微赤根丝蚓 Rhizodrilus russus 12 0 0 11 6
秀丽长方蟹 Metaplax elegans 2 14 0 7 6
圆锯齿吻沙蚕 Dentinephtys glabra 5 4 7 5 5
褶痕拟相手蟹 Parasesarma plicata 2 4 11 5 5
QZLH2 总密度 Total density 199 149 231 158 184
短拟沼螺 Assiminea brevicula 89 9 27 75 50
中华仙影海葵 Cereus sinensis 21 2 84 0 27
疣吻沙蚕 Tyrrohynchus heterochaetus 25 0 50 4 20
细巧仿对虾 Parapenaeopsis tenellus 0 62 0 0 16
圆锯齿吻沙蚕 Dentinephtys glabra 4 9 20 9 10
微赤根丝蚓 Rhizodrilus russus 0 0 5 21 7
褶痕拟相手蟹 Parasesarma plicata 9 2 4 12 7
秀丽长方蟹 Metaplax elegans 5 11 0 5 5
弧边招潮 Uca arcuata 9 2 5 4 5
长足长方蟹 Metaplax longipes 0 7 11 0 4
QZLH3 总密度 Total density 818 331 281 508 484
短拟沼螺 Assiminea brevicula 498 167 171 386 305
日本刺沙蚕 Neanthes japonica 249 0 0 0 62
秀丽长方蟹 Metaplax elegans 12 34 21 52 30
QZLH4 总密度 Total density 512 217 484 1,541 688
薄片蜾蠃蜚 Corophium lamellatum 71 21 0 1,397 372
宁波泥蟹 Ilyoplax ningpoensis 140 176 135 107 140
中华仙影海葵 Cereus sinensis 0 4 229 20 63
上野蜾蠃蜚 Corophium uenoi 222 0 30 0 63
短拟沼螺 Assiminea brevicula 78 16 89 18 50

Fig. 5

Diversity indices for macrobenthic communities in the mangrove swamp of Luoyangjiang Estuary. QZLH1-4, transects"

Fig. 6

Cluster dendrogram of the macrobenthic communities in the mangrove swamp of Luoyangjiang Esturay. QZLH1-4, transects; Spr, Spring; Sum, Summer; Aut, Autumn; Win, Winter."

Table 4

Results of two-way crossed ANOSIM between seasons and transects"

检验范围
Test range
季节之间 Among seasons 断面之间 Among transects
R P (%) R P (%)
总体
Global
0.318 0.1 0.485 0.1
成对
Pair-wise
春 Spring / 夏 Summer 0.417 0.2 QZLH1 / QZLH2 0.157 13.7
春 Spring / 秋 Autumn 0.388 0.2 QZLH1 / QZLH3 0.148 11.1
春 Spring /冬 Winter 0.083 27.1 QZLH1 / QZLH4 0.823 0.1
夏 Summer / 秋 Autumn 0.408 0.7 QZLH2 / QZLH3 0.317 1.2
夏 Summer / 冬 Winter 0.454 0.6 QZLH2 / QZLH4 0.859 0.1
秋 Autumn / 冬 Winter 0.284 2.3 QZLH3 / QZLH4 0.553 0.1

Table 5

Comparison of macrobenthic diversity and density from the present study (2013-2014) with 2009 (Liu, 2010)"

参数
Parameters
年份
Year
QZLH1 QZLH2 QZLH3 QZLH4 数据来源
Source of data
春季
Spring
秋季
Autumn
春季
Spring
秋季
Autumn
春季
Spring
秋季
Autumn
春季
Spring
秋季
Autumn
密度 Density 2009年 655 194 878 504 1,061 220 636 672 刘荣成, 2010
(ind./m2) 环节动物 Annelida 144 219 414 275 533 42 330 219 刘荣成, 2010
软体动物 Mollusca 373 69 355 125 495 168 148 69 刘荣成, 2010
节肢动物 Arthropoda 133 59 76 65 24 3 100 59 刘荣成, 2010
2013-2014年 176 139 199 231 818 281 512 484 本调查
种类数 2009年 21 12 25 15 15 10 17 15 刘荣成, 2010
Species number 2013-2014年 17 12 19 17 18 13 20 23 本调查
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