Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (1): 102-107.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015256

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Diversity and distribution of lycophytes and ferns in China

Xile Zhou1, Xianchun Zhang2, Jiuqiong Sun2, Yuehong Yan1, *   

  1. 1 Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201602
    2 State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
  • Received:2015-09-18 Accepted:2015-12-29 Online:2016-06-12
  • Yan Yuehong

The species catalogue and phylogenetic arrangement are the basis of species diversity studies. We collated the latest lycophytes and ferns in China found in recent years using the system from Flora of China. There are 2,147 species, 5 subspecies, 118 varieties, 178 genera and 40 families of lycophytes and ferns in China, including 839 endemic species, which accounts for 39.08% of total species. The top five families are Dryopteridaceae (505 species, including subspecies and varieties), Athyriaceae (323 species), Polypodiaceae (280 species), Pteridaceae (266 species) and Thelypteridaceae (209 species). The top five genera are Polystichum (209 species), Dryopteris (176 species), Athyrium (137 species), Diplazium (98 species) and Pteris (97 species). The following five provinces are rich in lycophytes and ferns: Yunnan (1,365 species), Sichuan (875 species), Guizhou (838 species), Guangxi (785 species) and Taiwan (779 species). Endemic species are rich in families including Dryopteridaceae (257 species), Athyriaceae (169 species), and Pteridaceae (113 species) and genera of Polystichum (140 species), Athyrium (82 species), and Dryopteris (61 species).

Key words: plant taxonomy, conservation biogeography, biodiversity, conservation biology, pteridophytes

Table 1

The diversity and endemism of lycophytes and ferns in each province of China"

省(市、自治区)
Province

Species

Genus

Family
中国特有种Number of Chinese endemic species (CES) 占本地区种数比例
Ratio of CES in each province
仅产本地区
Number of local endemic species (LES)
占本地区中国特有种比例
Ratio of LES/CES
国内仅产本地区且国外有分布
Number of species distrbute only in this province and abroad
云南 Yunnan 1,365 (60.13%) 148 (83.15%) 40 (100.00%) 414 30.33 181 43.72 77
四川 Sichuan 875 (38.55%) 116 (65.17%) 36 (90.00%) 284 32.46 54 19.01 1
贵州 Guizhou 838 (36.92%) 119 (66.85%) 36 (90.00%) 227 27.09 31 13.66 1
广西 Guangxi 785 (34.58%) 125 (70.22%) 36 (90.00%) 157 20.00 23 14.65 5
台湾 Taiwan 779 (34.32%) 145 (81.46%) 39 (97.50%) 107 13.74 59 55.14 89
湖南 Hunan 663 (29.20%) 110 (61.80%) 35 (87.50%) 180 27.15 6 3.33 0
西藏 Tibet 579 (25.51%) 104 (58.43%) 33 (82.50%) 121 20.90 49 40.50 14
广东 Guangdong 566 (24.93%) 117 (65.73%) 32 (80.00%) 95 16.78 9 9.47 2
重庆 Chongqing 535 (23.57%) 93 (52.25%) 33 (82.50%) 154 28.79 9 5.84 0
海南 Hainan 451 (19.87%) 113 (63.48%) 33 (82.50%) 62 13.75 33 53.23 19
江西 Jiangxi 442 (19.47%) 96 (53.93%) 33 (82.50%) 85 19.23 2 2.35 0
浙江 Zhejiang 431 (18.99%) 98 (55.06%) 35 (87.50%) 88 20.42 7 7.95 3
福建 Fujian 409 (18.02%) 100 (56.18%) 31 (77.50%) 67 16.38 4 5.97 1
湖北 Hubei 372 (16.39%) 80 (44.94%) 29 (72.50%) 102 27.42 5 4.90 0
甘肃 Gansu 254 (11.19%) 64 (35.96%) 25 (62.50%) 65 25.59 3 4.62 0
安徽 Anhui 237 (10.44%) 69 (38.76%) 26 (65.00%) 39 16.46 0 0.00 1
陕西 Shaanxi 231 (10.18%) 56 (31.46%) 22 (55.00%) 62 26.84 0 0.00 0
河南 Henan 218 (9.60%) 62 (34.83%) 25 (62.50%) 46 21.10 1 2.17 0
香港 Hongkong 212 (9.34%) 77 (43.26%) 29 (72.50%) 16 7.55 0 0.00 0
江苏 Jiangsu 151 (6.65%) 59 (33.15%) 26 (65.00%) 18 11.92 0 0.00 0
河北 Hebei 112 (4.93%) 39 (21.91%) 18 (45.00%) 26 23.21 0 0.00 0
辽宁 Liaoning 110 (4.85%) 41 (23.03%) 19 (47.50%) 10 9.09 0 0.00 2
吉林 Jilin 107 (4.71%) 38 (21.35%) 17 (42.50%) 6 5.61 2 33.33 1
山西 Shanxi 99 (4.36%) 35 (19.66%) 17 (42.50%) 24 24.24 0 0.00 0
山东 Shandong 97 (4.27%) 38 (21.35%) 19 (47.50%) 19 19.59 2 10.53 0
黑龙江 Heilongjiang 89 (3.92%) 34 (19.10%) 17 (42.50%) 4 4.49 1 25.00 3
澳门 Macao 76 (3.35%) 46 (25.84%) 24 (60.00%) 2 2.63 0 0.00 0
内蒙古 Inner Mongolia 72 (3.17%) 25 (14.04%) 15 (37.50%) 11 15.28 0 0.00 0
北京 Beijing 71 (3.13%) 27 (15.17%) 17 (42.50%) 15 21.13 0 0.00 0
新疆 Xinjiang 57 (2.51%) 22 (12.36%) 14 (35.00%) 3 5.26 0 0.00 6
青海 Qinghai 52 (2.29%) 20 (11.24%) 13 (32.50%) 11 21.15 0 0.00 0
上海 Shanghai 51 (2.25%) 31 (17.42%) 17 (42.50%) 2 3.92 0 0.00 0
宁夏 Ningxia 40 (1.76%) 19 (10.67%) 12 (30.00%) 7 17.50 0 0.00 0
天津 Tianjin 29 (1.28%) 15 (8.43%) 12 (30.00%) 5 17.24 0 0.00 0
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