Biodiversity Science ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 451-462.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015043

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Patterns of plant species diversity along an altitudinal gradient and its effect on above-ground biomass in alpine meadows in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Zhe Liu1, 2, Qi Li1, Dongdong Chen1, Wenting Zhai1, 2, Liang Zhao1, *(), Shixiao Xu1, Xinquan Zhao1, 3, *()   

  1. 1 Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810008
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    3 Chendu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041
  • Received:2015-02-25 Accepted:2015-06-25 Online:2015-08-03
  • Zhao Liang,Zhao Xinquan E-mail:lzhao@nwipb.cas.cn;xqzhao@nwipb.cas.cn

Changes in plant species diversity along an altitudinal gradient and the relationship between biodiversity and productivity are important issues in ecology, which have not been addressed fully. To clarify the patterns of species diversity and above-ground biomass along an altitudinal gradient in alpine meadows, two representative mountains in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau were chosen as study subjects: Laji Mountain (36°21′ N, 101°27′ E) in Guide County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Junmuchang Mountain (34°22′ N, 100°30′ E) in Maqin County, Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. Plant height, coverage, above-ground biomass, and species diversity with altitude change were investigated. We found that the patterns of above-ground biomass and species diversity along an altitudinal gradient in the two mountain transects are consistent. With an increase in altitude, the above-ground biomass decreased linearly; Shannon-Wiener index, Simpson index and species richness present hump-shaped distributions, with the maximum value found in the middle altitudinal gradient, while the Pielou index increased regularly in a straight line with an increase in altitude. Combined with the present data for the alpine meadows in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, we found that species richness shows a hump-shaped curve with the increase in altitude, with the pattern first increasing and then decreased. It may exhibit the universal law of the species distribution in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The relationship between above-ground biomass and species diversity in the two mountain transects also appeared uniform: above-ground biomass linearly decreased with increased in Shannon-Wiener index, Simpson index and Pielou index, but it was not associated with species richness. Integrating all data from the two mountain transects, we found that the above-ground biomass was not related to Shannon-Wiener and Simpson indices, however it increases linearly with increases in species richness. Based on the research data in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, we found the relationship between above-ground biomass and species richness presented an “S” curve (logistic model).

Key words: species diversity, species richness, above-ground biomass, productivity, altitude, diversity index

Table 1

The detailed information of all plots and research results(mean±SD)"

Fig. 1

Changes of above-ground biomass along an elevation gradient in Laji Mountain, Guide County (a) and Junmuchang Mountain, Maqin County (b)"

Fig. 2

Changes of species diversity along an altitudinal gradient in Laji Mountain, Guide County (a to d) and Junmuchang Mountain, Maqin County (e to h) (mean ± SE)"

Fig. 3

Relationships of above-ground biomass with species diversity in Laji Mountain, Guide County and Junmuchang Mountain, Maqin County"

Fig. 4

Relationships of above-ground biomass with species diversity through integrating all data from the Laji Mountain, Guide County and Junmuchang Mountain, Maqin Count (n = 45)"

Fig. 5

Distribution of species richness with elevation gradient in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The data are derived from the following papers: ◇ Sun et al., 2000; □ He et al., 2005; ▲ Anwar Mohammat et al., 2006; △ Wang et al., 2007; ◆ Hu et al., 2007; ▼ Duan et al., 2011; ■ Zhou et al., 2011; ○ Sa et al., 2012; ● Suo①; ▽present study."

Fig. 6

Relationship of above-ground biomass with species richness in the natural grazing ecosystem in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The data are derived from the following papers: △ Anwar Mohammat et al., 2006; ◇ Wang et al., 2007; □ Duan et al., 2011; ○ Sa et al., 2012; Suo①; ▲ present study."

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