生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 543-549.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015028

• • 上一篇    下一篇

生物多样性和生态系统服务政府间科学-政策平台2014-2018年工作方案解析

田瑜, 李俊生*(), 兰存子, 李秀山   

  1. 中国环境科学研究院生物多样性研究中心, 北京 100012
  • 收稿日期:2015-02-03 接受日期:2015-03-20 出版日期:2015-07-20
  • 通讯作者: 李俊生 E-mail:lijsh@craes.org.cn
  • 基金项目:
    国家自然科学基金(31300458)和环保公益性行业科研专项(201209028)

Interpretation of the work programme of Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for the period 2014-2018

Yu Tian, Junsheng Li*(), Cunzi Lan, Xiushan Li   

  1. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
  • Received:2015-02-03 Accepted:2015-03-20 Online:2015-07-20
  • Contact: Li Junsheng E-mail:lijsh@craes.org.cn

生物多样性和生态系统服务政府间科学-政策平台(Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, IPBES)是在联合国环境规划署推动下成立的第一个生物多样性保护领域科学界和决策者之间的沟通平台, 目的在于推动全球生物多样性保护和生态系统服务。IPBES第二届全体会议(2013年12月, 土耳其安塔利亚)上通过的2014-2018年工作方案, 是IPBES成立以来的第一个工作计划。本文介绍了该工作方案框架和4个主要目标, 包括开展全球范围的多尺度生物多样性和生态系统服务综合评估, 开展一系列专题和方法评估, 开展能力建设, 以及评估成果的发布。并根据第三届全体会议(2015年1月, 德国波恩)上细化的工作方案内容, 详细介绍了各项目标的组成、交付成果及时间安排。IPBES通过2014年的实践, 开展了传粉和粮食生产和政策情景模拟工具等专题的评估, 确定了区域尺度综合评估和土地退化和恢复等专题的评估范围。作为生物多样性领域首个政府间、跨学科、跨领域、涉及多公约的平台, IPBES将成为各国在生物多样性领域对话和博弈, 以及争取本国利益最大化的平台, 有利于我国相关知识和信息系统的规范与整合。为此, 作者建议我国广泛参与IPBES工作, 加强国内评估能力建设, 包括加强国际沟通和国内协作, 促进基础学科建设, 鼓励专家和公众参与等。

关键词: IPBES, 生物多样性, 生态系统服务, 评估, 交付成果

Promoted by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) was established as the first communication platform between scientists and decision makers in the field of biodiversity conservation for improving global biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services. As the first work programme of IPBES, the programme for the period 2014-2018 reached a consensus on the platform at the 2nd Plenary Session (held December 2013 in Antalya, Turkey). In this paper, we introduce the framework and its 4 objectives, including assessments of biodiversity and ecosystem services around the world using a multiple-scale method, series thematic and methods assessments, capacity building, and identification of deliverables. We also present a detailed description of the elements, deliverables and time arrangements of the work programme’s objectives according to the material discussed during the platform’s 3rd Plenary Session (held January 2015 in Bonn, Germany). In 2014 (one year into the program), the thematic assessment of pollination and food production and the policy support tools for scenario analysis were launched and the scope of synthesis assessment of regions and thematic assessment of land degradation and restoration were defined. As the first intergovernmental, interdisciplinary, cross-domain, and multi-convention platform in the field of biodiversity, IPBES will become an international dialogue and platform in the field of biodiversity, and also a platform for national benefit maximization. It requires the standardization and integration of China's relevant knowledge and information system. To work with the programme, it is suggested China extensively participate in the implementation to strengthen capacity, including enhancing international communicational and internal cooperation, improving basic discipline construction, and encouraging experts and public participation.

Key words: IPBES, biodiversity, ecosystem services, assessment, deliverables

1 Brooks TM, Lamoreux JF, Sobero’n J (2014) IPBES ≠ IPCC.Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 29, 543-545.
2 Cardinale BJ, Duffy JE, Gonzalez A, Hooper DU, Perrings C, Venail P, Narwani A, Mace GM, Tilman D, Wardle DA, Kinzig AP, Daily GC, Loreau M, Grace JB, Larigauderie A, Srivastava DS, Naeem S (2012) Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity.Nature, 486, 59-67.
3 Editors. Wanted: an IPCC for biodiversity (2010) Nature, 465, 525-525.
4 Intergovernmental Science-Policy Plateform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) (2012) Report of the first session of the plenary meeting to determine modalities and institutional arrangements for an intergovernmental Science-Policy platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services.
5 Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) (2013) Report of the second session of the Plenary of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.
6 Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) (2015) Report of the third session of the Plenary of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.
7 International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) (2015) A reporting service for environment and development negotiations: in third session of the plenary of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES-3). Earth Negotiations Bulletin, 31(14), 1-2.
8 Larigauderie A, Mooney HA (2010) The Intergovernmental Science-policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: moving a step closer to an IPCC-like mechanism for biodiversity.Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2, 9-14.
9 Liu JY (刘纪远), Yue TX (岳天祥), Ju HB (鞠洪波), Wang Q (王桥), Li XB (李秀彬) (2006) Integrated Ecosystem Assessment of Western China (中国西部生态系统综合评估). China Meteorological Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
10 Ma KP (马克平) (2012) Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES): an IPCC for biodiversity.Biodiversity Science(生物多样性), 20, 409-410. (in Chinese)
11 Milliennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) (2005) Ecosystems and Humanwell Being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington DC.
12 Ouyang ZY (欧阳志云), Wang Q (王桥), Zheng H (郑华), Zhang F (张峰), Hou P (侯鹏) (2014) National ecosystem survey and assessment of China (2000-2010).Bulletin of Chinaese Academy of Sciences(中国科学院院刊), 29, 462-466. (in Chinese with English abstract)
13 Perrings C, Duraiappah A, Larigauderie A, Mooney H (2011) The biodiversity and ecosystem services science-policy interface.Science, 331, 1139-1140.
14 Vanbergen AJ, Baude M, Biesmeijer JC, Britton NF, Brown MJF, Brown M, Bryden J, Budge GE, Bull JC, Carvell CC, Challinor AJ, Connolly CN, Evans DJ, Feil EJ, Garratt MP, Greco MK, Heard MS, Jansen VAA, Keeling MJ, Kunin WE, Marris GC, Memmott J, Murray JT, Nicolson SW, Osborne JL, Paxton RJ, Pirk CWW, Polce C, Potts SG, Priest NK, Raine NE, Rushton SP, Ryabov EV, Shafir S, Shirley MDF, Simpson SJ, Smart SM, Stevenson PC, Stone GN, Termansen M, Wright GA (2013) Threats to an ecosystem service: pressures on pollinators.Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 11, 251-259.
15 Whitehorn PR, O’Connor S, Wackers FL, Goulson D (2012) Neonicotinoid pesticide reduces bumble bee colony growth and queen production.Science, 336, 351-352.
[1] 冯兆忠 袁相洋 李品 尚博 平琴 胡廷剑 刘硕. (2020) 地表臭氧浓度升高对陆地生态系统影响的研究进展. 植物生态学报, 44(全球变化与生态系统专辑): 0-0.
[2] 黄林韬 黄晖 江雷. (2020) 中国造礁石珊瑚分类厘定. 生物多样性, 28(4): 515-523.
[3] 王剀,任金龙,陈宏满,吕植桐,郭宪光,蒋珂,陈进民,李家堂,郭鹏,王英永,车静. (2020) 中国两栖、爬行动物更新名录. 生物多样性, 28(2): 189-218.
[4] 何维明. (2020) 生物入侵的影响是否准确可知?. 生物多样性, 28(2): 253-255.
[5] 刘海鸥,张风春,赵富伟,杜乐山,薛达元. (2020) 从《生物多样性公约》资金机制战略目标变迁解析生物多样性热点问题. 生物多样性, 28(2): 244-252.
[6] 耿宜佳,田瑜,李俊生,徐靖. (2020) “2020年后全球生物多样性框架”进展及展望. 生物多样性, 28(2): 238-243.
[7] 马亦生,马青青,何念军,朱大鹏,赵凯辉,刘红彩,李帅,孙亮,唐流斌. (2020) 基于红外相机技术调查佛坪国家级自然保护区兽类和鸟类多样性. 生物多样性, 28(2): 226-230.
[8] 刘振元,孟星亮,李正飞,张君倩,徐靖,银森录,谢志才. (2020) 南洞庭湖区软体动物物种多样性评估及保护对策. 生物多样性, 28(2): 155-165.
[9] 王玉冰,孙毅寒,丁威,张恩涛,李文怀,迟永刚,郑淑霞. (2020) 长期氮添加对典型草原植物多样性与初级生产力的影响及途径. 植物生态学报, 44(1): 22-32.
[10] 魏鑫丽,邓红,魏江春. (2020) 中国地衣的濒危等级评估. 生物多样性, 28(1): 54-65.
[11] 李熠,唐志尧,闫昱晶,王科,蔡磊,贺金生,古松,姚一建. (2020) 物种分布模型在大型真菌红色名录评估及保护中的应用: 以冬虫夏草为例. 生物多样性, 28(1): 99-106.
[12] 王科,刘冬梅,蔡蕾,吴海军,李熠,魏铁铮,王永会,吴红梅,卫晓丹,李斌斌,李俊生,姚一建. (2020) 中国大型真菌红色名录评估方法和程序. 生物多样性, 28(1): 11-19.
[13] 杨锐,彭钦一,曹越,钟乐,侯姝彧,赵智聪,黄澄. (2019) 中国生物多样性保护的变革性转变及路径. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1032-1040.
[14] 李顺,邹亮,宫一男,杨海涛,王天明,冯利民,葛剑平. (2019) 激光雷达技术在动物生态学领域的研究进展. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[15] 李小雨,肖凌云,梁旭昶,程琛,冯琛,赵翔,刘炎林,卞晓星,何兵,张常智,Justine Shanti Alexander,邢睿,黄亚慧,阿旺久美,谢然尼玛,宋大昭,黄巧雯,扎西桑俄,彭奎,尹杭,连新明,杨欣,李晟,施小刚,杨创明,吕植. (2019) 中国雪豹的威胁与保护现状. 生物多样性, 27(9): 932-942.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed